Comparison of Achilles tendon loading between male and female recreational runners

Article


Greenhalgh, A. and Sinclair, S. 2014. Comparison of Achilles tendon loading between male and female recreational runners. Journal of Human Kinetics. 44 (1), pp. 129-137. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0121
TypeArticle
TitleComparison of Achilles tendon loading between male and female recreational runners
AuthorsGreenhalgh, A. and Sinclair, S.
Abstract

Recreational running is an activity with multiple reported health benefits for both sexes, however, chronic injuries caused by excessive and/or repetitive loading of the Achilles tendon are common. Males have been identified as being at an increased risk of suffering an injury to the Achilles tendon and as such, knowledge of differences in loading between the sexes may provide further information to better understand why this is the case. The aim of the current investigation was to determine whether gender differences in the Achilles tendon load exist in recreational runners. Fifteen male (age 26.74 ± 5.52 years, body height 1.80 ± 0.11 m and body mass 74.22 ± 7.27 kg) and fifteen female (age 25.13 ± 6.39 years, body height 1.68 ± 0.12 m and body mass 67.12 ± 9.11 kg) recreational runners volunteered to take part in the current investigation. Participants completed 10 trials running at 4.0 m•s-1 ±5% striking a force platform (1000 Hz) with their right foot. Ankle joint kinematics were synchronously recorded (250 Hz) using an optoelectric motion capture system. Ankle joint kinetics were computed using Newton-Euler inverse-dynamics. Net external ankle joint moments were then calculated. To estimate Achilles tendon kinetics the plantarflexion moment calculated was divided by an estimated Achilles tendon moment arm of 0.05 m. Differences in Achilles tendon kinetics were examined using independent sample t-tests (p<0.05). The results indicate that males were associated with significantly (p<0.05) greater Achilles tendon loads than females. The findings from this study support the notion that male recreational runners may be at greater risk of Achilles tendon pathology.

Research GroupBiomechanics at the London Sport Institute
PublisherDe Gruyter
JournalJournal of Human Kinetics
ISSN1899-7562
Publication dates
Print01 Dec 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited09 Feb 2015
Accepted01 Dec 2014
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0121
LanguageEnglish
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