The graduation performance of technology business incubators in China's three tier cities: the role of incubator funding, technical support, and entrepreneurial mentoring

Article


Xiao, L. and North, D. 2017. The graduation performance of technology business incubators in China's three tier cities: the role of incubator funding, technical support, and entrepreneurial mentoring. Journal of Technology Transfer. 42 (3), pp. 615-634. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-016-9493-4
TypeArticle
TitleThe graduation performance of technology business incubators in China's three tier cities: the role of incubator funding, technical support, and entrepreneurial mentoring
AuthorsXiao, L. and North, D.
Abstract

This study examines the effects of technology business incubator (TBI)’s funding, technical support and entrepreneurial mentoring on the graduation performance of new technology-based firms in China’s three tier cities. Using new dataset on all TBIs and incubated new technology-based firms from government surveys conducted over five consecutive years from 2009 to 2013 combined with archival and hand-collected data, we find the effects of incubator services on the early growth of new technology-based firms vary according to the local context. Technical support facilities and entrepreneurial mentoring from TBIs are found to have significantly and positively influenced the early development of the firms in the four most affluent tier 1 cities, whilst these effects become less pronounced for the tier 2 and tier 3 cities. These two services are also found to influence graduation performance in the government and university types of TBI respectively. Results support the notion that the effectiveness of an incubators services is shaped by the level of a city’s socio-economic development and that the city location of a TBI does impact the graduation performance of its incubatees.

KeywordsGraduation performance; TBIs; new technology-based firms; incubator research facilities, funding and mentoring; China
Research GroupCentre for Enterprise, Environment and Development Research (CEEDR)
LanguageEnglish
PublisherSpringer Verlag
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
ISSN0892-9912
Publication dates
Online31 Aug 2016
Print01 Jun 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited09 Sep 2016
Accepted18 Aug 2016
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

One of the files attached is an author accepted manuscript version of an article published in Journal of Technology Transfer; made available in this repository in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10961-016-9493-4 - © The Author(s) 2016. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-016-9493-4
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