‘Refugees not welcome here’: state, church and civil society responses to the refugee crisis in Poland

Article


Narkowicz, K. 2018. ‘Refugees not welcome here’: state, church and civil society responses to the refugee crisis in Poland. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society. 31 (4), pp. 357-373. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10767-018-9287-9
TypeArticle
Title‘Refugees not welcome here’: state, church and civil society responses to the refugee crisis in Poland
AuthorsNarkowicz, K.
Abstract

The Polish response to the crisis that escalated across Europe in 2015, banning refugees from crossing its borders, has been one of the least welcoming in Europe. Poland has been reprimanded by the EU for its lack of solidarity with other countries that accepted refugees. The government’s response was that it does indeed welcome refugees as long as they are not Muslims, since letting Muslim refugees in would be a security risk. The figure of the Muslim terrorist posing as a refugee has become a key trope through which xenophobic nationalist politics have been employed. In this sense, Poland can be seen to be drawing particular inspiration from the Eurosceptic politics of Orbán’s Hungary while also reflecting a broader European trend towards Islamophobia in countries such as France, Germany, Sweden or the UK. This article maps responses to refugees from key public actors. It focuses on how three key players in the Polish public sphere—the Catholic Church, the State and civil society actors—responded to the looming perspective of welcoming refugees to Poland. The paper argues that the Polish response to the so-called refugee crisis should be analysed as subtext to a broader political change in the country towards nationalism that has as its goal to push out all foreign ‘invasion’. Mobilised within this are new and old manifestations of racism, suggesting that Poland’s long history of racial Othering and exclusion has not been sufficiently accounted for.

KeywordsPoland, Refugees, Church, Racism, Islamophobia, Anti-Semitism
LanguageEnglish
PublisherSpringer
JournalInternational Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society
ISSN0891-4486
Electronic1573-3416
Publication dates
Online22 May 2018
Print30 Dec 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited08 Sep 2020
Accepted01 Mar 2018
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Copyright Statement

© 2020 (The Author(s))
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10767-018-9287-9
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/890y2

  • 30
    total views
  • 5
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Heroes or villains? Migrant essential workers and combined hostilities of Covid-19 and Brexit
Gawlewicz, A., Narkowicz, K. and Wright, S. 2023. Heroes or villains? Migrant essential workers and combined hostilities of Covid-19 and Brexit. Discover Society: New Series. 3 (2).
White enough, not white enough: racism and racialisation among Poles in the UK
Narkowicz, K. 2023. White enough, not white enough: racism and racialisation among Poles in the UK. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 46 (6), pp. 1534-1551. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2022.2154913
The un-human beings: the denial of Muslim migrants' bodies in India and Poland
Kumar, M. and Narkowicz, K. 2023. The un-human beings: the denial of Muslim migrants' bodies in India and Poland. Interventions. 25 (4), pp. 413-430. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369801X.2022.2099942
Introduction: conjunctural geographies of post-socialist and postcolonial conditions
Rekviashvili, L., Narkowicz, K., Karkov, N., Valiavicharska, Z. and Tichindeleanu, O. 2022. Introduction: conjunctural geographies of post-socialist and postcolonial conditions. Connections: A Journal for Historians and Area Specialists.
Black box east: what is the price for defending “Fortress Europe”? [Blog post]
Narkowicz, K. 2021. Black box east: what is the price for defending “Fortress Europe”? [Blog post]. Mediapart, France Berliner Gazette.
Maria Janion
Narkowicz, K. 2020. Maria Janion. Global Social Theory.
Gendered nationalism in India and Poland: postcolonial and postsocialist conditions in times of populism
Narkowicz, K. and Kumar, M. 2021. Gendered nationalism in India and Poland: postcolonial and postsocialist conditions in times of populism. in: Koobak, R., Tlostanova, M. and Thapar-Bjorkert, S. (ed.) Postcolonial and postsocialist dialogues. Intersections, opacities, challenges in feminist theorizing and practice Routledge. pp. 243-258
Editorial: Postcolonial-postsocialist decolonial investigations: a programmatic overture. Artha Journal of Social Sciences, 20 (2) . v-xii. ISSN 0975-329X
Kumar, M. and Narkowicz, K. 2021. Editorial: Postcolonial-postsocialist decolonial investigations: a programmatic overture. Artha Journal of Social Sciences, 20 (2) . v-xii. ISSN 0975-329X. Artha Journal of Social Sciences. 20 (2), pp. v-xii. https://doi.org/10.12724/ajss.57.0
Brexit and the hierarchies of Europeanness
Narkowicz, K. 2020. Brexit and the hierarchies of Europeanness. The Long View: a quarterly magazine from Islamic Human Rights Commission (IHRC). 2 (1), pp. 11-13.
Before the Czarny protest: feminist activism in Poland
Narkowicz, K. 2018. Before the Czarny protest: feminist activism in Poland. Cultivate: The Feminist Journal of the Centre for Women's Studies.
From unproblematic to contentious: mosques in Poland
Narkowicz, K. and Pędziwiatr, K. 2017. From unproblematic to contentious: mosques in Poland. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 43 (3), pp. 441-457. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183x.2016.1194744
Unmaking citizens: passport removals, pre-emptive policing and the reimagining of colonial governmentalities
Kapoor, N. and Narkowicz, K. 2019. Unmaking citizens: passport removals, pre-emptive policing and the reimagining of colonial governmentalities. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 42 (16), pp. 45-62. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2017.1411965
Saving and fearing Muslim women in ‘post-communist’ Poland: troubling Catholic and secular Islamophobia
Narkowicz, K. and Pędziwiatr, K. 2017. Saving and fearing Muslim women in ‘post-communist’ Poland: troubling Catholic and secular Islamophobia. Gender Place and Culture. 24 (2), pp. 288-299. https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369x.2017.1298574
After or against secularism: Muslims in Europe
Narkowicz, K. and Phillips, R. 2018. After or against secularism: Muslims in Europe. in: Beaumont, J. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Postsecularity London, UK Routledge. pp. 349-359
Searching for feminist geographies: mappings outside the discipline in Poland
Narkowicz, K. and Korolczuk, E. 2019. Searching for feminist geographies: mappings outside the discipline in Poland. Gender Place and Culture. 26 (7-9), pp. 1215-1222. https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369x.2018.1554559
Halal dating: changing relationship attitudes and experiences among young British Muslims
Ali, N., Phillips, R., Chambers, C., Narkowicz, K., Hopkins, P. and Pande, R. 2020. Halal dating: changing relationship attitudes and experiences among young British Muslims. Sexualities. 23 (5-6), pp. 775-792. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363460719850113
Globalisation and social policy
Cowen, H., Jones, D. and Narkowicz, K. 2020. Globalisation and social policy. in: Bochel, H. and Daly, G. (ed.) Social Policy London, UK Routledge. pp. 544-567
Characterising citizenship: race, criminalisation and the extension of internal borders
Kapoor, N. and Narkowicz, K. 2019. Characterising citizenship: race, criminalisation and the extension of internal borders. Sociology. 53 (4), pp. 652-670. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038518820250