Impact of organisational justice in an expatriate work environment

Article


Fernandes, C. and Awamleh, R. 2006. Impact of organisational justice in an expatriate work environment. Management Research News. 29 (11), pp. 701-712. https://doi.org/10.1108/01409170610716016
TypeArticle
TitleImpact of organisational justice in an expatriate work environment
AuthorsFernandes, C. and Awamleh, R.
Abstract

Purpose
This study analyses the impact of organisational justice as encompassed by three components, distributive justice, procedural justice and interactional justice on self assessed performance and job satisfaction of employees in an expatriate environment. The study investigates the impact of these justice measures on expatriates and United Arab Emirates (UAE) nationals.
Design/methodology/approach
The organisational justice measures developed by Niehoff and Moorman were used to test their impact on employee performance and job satisfaction amongst the two groups; expatriates who work in the UAE, and UAE nationals. Data were collected from employees working in the UAE. Descriptive statistics, inter correlations and regression analyses was used to examine the data.
Findings
For the UAE nationals group, distributive and interactional justice has a significant impact on both satisfaction and performance. All justice constructs had an impact on satisfaction for the expatriate group, but surprisingly none of these components of organizational justice had an impact on self‐perceived performance of expatriates. The effects of gender, age and salary levels were also explored.
Research limitations/implications
Self‐perceived performance is used to measure performance which is a limitation and it would be of value to try to independently measure performance.
Practical implications
Given the large expatriate workforce in the UAE, the study highlights the need for companies to train and educate their managers as to the impact of the perceived lack of justice on the motivation and commitment of their employees.
Originality/value
This study is the first of its kind in the UAE and was conducted in a highly diverse work environment.

PublisherEmerald
JournalManagement Research News
ISSN0140-9174
Publication dates
Print01 Nov 2006
Publication process dates
Deposited17 Oct 2022
Accepted01 Nov 2006
Output statusPublished
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/01409170610716016
LanguageEnglish
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