Multicultural identity integration versus compartmentalization as predictors of subjective well-being for Third Culture Kids: The mediational role of self-concept consistency and self-efficacy

Article


Mosanya, M. and Kwiatkowska, A. 2023. Multicultural identity integration versus compartmentalization as predictors of subjective well-being for Third Culture Kids: The mediational role of self-concept consistency and self-efficacy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 20 (5), p. 3880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20053880
TypeArticle
TitleMulticultural identity integration versus compartmentalization as predictors of subjective well-being for Third Culture Kids: The mediational role of self-concept consistency and self-efficacy
AuthorsMosanya, M. and Kwiatkowska, A.
Abstract

Globalization has resulted in an exponential increase in the number of Third Culture Kids (TCKs), defined as being raised in a culture other than that of their parents (or the passport country) and meaningfully interacting with different cultures. Inconsistencies regarding the effect of multicultural and transient experiences on well-being exist in the psychological literature. We aimed to reveal associations between multicultural identity configurations (integration, categorization, compartmentalization) and well-being with the mediating role of self-concept consistency and self-efficacy. Participants ( = 399, = 21.2 years) were students at an international university in the United Arab Emirates. We used the Multicultural Identity Integration Scale, the Berne Questionnaire of Subjective Well-Being, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Self-Consistency Subscale from the Self-Construal Scale. The findings suggest that not merely exposure to diversity but also internal integration versus identity compartmentalization moderate the well-being of TCKs. We explained such mechanisms via partial mediation of self-consistency and self-efficacy. Our study contributed to a better understanding of the TCKs' identity paradigm and pointed to multicultural identity integration as vital to TCKs' well-being via its effect on self-consistency and self-efficacy. Conversely, identity compartmentalization decreased well-being via a reduction in the sense of self-consistency.

Keywordsmulticultural identity, third culture kids, Humans, Surveys and Questionnaires, Self Efficacy, self-consistency, self-efficacy, Cultural Diversity, Students, well-being, Self Concept
Sustainable Development Goals3 Good health and well-being
Middlesex University ThemeCreativity, Culture & Enterprise
LanguageEnglish
PublisherMDPI
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN1661-7827
Publication dates
Online22 Feb 2023
Print22 Feb 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Mar 2023
Submitted31 Dec 2022
Accepted19 Feb 2023
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20053880
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