Fracture studies on optical fibres

Masters thesis


Lee, E. 1983. Fracture studies on optical fibres. Masters thesis Middlesex Polytechnic School of Science & Technology
TypeMasters thesis
TitleFracture studies on optical fibres
AuthorsLee, E.
Abstract

The fracture behaviour of optical fibre was studied both in pure tension and combined tension and torsion. The results were analysed in terms of failure statistics and fracture mechanics. Electron microscopy techniques were employed to ascertain possible flaw size and their location which may contribute to the failure of the fibre. Three flaw mechanisms were shown to exist arising from large surface flaws, bulk flaws and inherent surface defects due to the pulling process.
The long term mechanical reliability of optical fibre is of major concern to the manufacturers. The phenomenon of subcritical crack growth was investigated by dynamic fatigue tests both in air as well as in acidic and alkaline environments. The parameter 'stress corrosion susceptibilities' in the various environments were evaluated. Results indicated that the presence of water in the environment significantly contributes to the subcritical crack growth rate in the fibre. In solutions, the presence of OH- ions further enhances this effect. Removal of water and OH- ions after presoaking the fibre was shown to effect a complete recovery of the strength.
Design diagrams for optical fibre were constructed. These
diagrams incorporate the statistical nature of the strength as well as the time dependent behaviour of the fibre. The value of such a diagram is to estimate the proof stress required for a given working stress and a given length of time if no failure is to be assured.

LanguageEnglish
Department nameSchool of Science & Technology
Institution nameMiddlesex Polytechnic
Publication dates
Print22 Jul 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited22 Jul 2013
CompletedJun 1983
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Additional information

Thesis submitted for the C. N. A. A. degree of Master of Philosophy.

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