Policing wildlife: perspectives on criminality in wildlife crime


Nurse, A. 2011. Policing wildlife: perspectives on criminality in wildlife crime. Papers from the British Criminology Conference. 11, pp. 38-53.
TitlePolicing wildlife: perspectives on criminality in wildlife crime
AuthorsNurse, A.

This article presents green criminology research on wildlife law enforcement in the UK, an area of insecurity both about its place within criminal justice and about how it should be resourced and laws enforced. Wildlife crime predates the Government’s Big Society in being primarily driven by Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) who shape the public policy and police response to wildlife crime.
NGOs frequently argue for a strengthened wildlife enforcement regime with tougher sentences for wildlife offenders. Yet this article contests the perception of inadequate wildlife laws and the need for a more punitive regime, arguing that inherent enforcement problems undermine an otherwise adequate legislative regime. It offers a new typology of offenders, arguing that changes to legislation and a more punitive regime are inadequate solutions to address wildlife crime levels unless the existence of different types of offender and criminal behaviour are recognised and addressed in policy and enforcement practice.

KeywordsGreen criminology; Neutralization techniques; Wildlife and environmental crime; NGOs
PublisherThe British Society of Criminology
JournalPapers from the British Criminology Conference
ISSN1759 - 0043
Publication dates
PrintJul 2011
Publication process dates
Deposited03 Jul 2013
Output statusPublished
Copyright Statement

Copyright is retained by the authors and the British Society of Criminology (BSC).
The BSC has provided written confirmation that papers can be deposited in the institutional repositiory

Web address (URL)http://www.britsoccrim.org/publications.htm#002
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