Social, cognitive, behavioural and neighbourhood characteristics associated with sedentary time in men and women living in deprived neighbourhoods

Article


Watts, P., Shahid, M., Bertotti, M. and Tobi, P. 2017. Social, cognitive, behavioural and neighbourhood characteristics associated with sedentary time in men and women living in deprived neighbourhoods. European Journal of Sport Science. 17 (7), pp. 904-912. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1323951
TypeArticle
TitleSocial, cognitive, behavioural and neighbourhood characteristics associated with sedentary time in men and women living in deprived neighbourhoods
AuthorsWatts, P., Shahid, M., Bertotti, M. and Tobi, P.
Abstract

Multiple individual and neighbourhood characteristics are theorised to influence adult sedentary behaviour. The aim of this study was to examine associations between individual and neighbourhood-level characteristics in 40 deprived neighbourhoods in London, UK. A cross-sectional design was utilised with baseline data from the Well London Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in 40 deprived neighbourhoods in London. Multilevel linear regression was used to examine associations between individual characteristics (measured by household survey), neighbourhood characteristics (neighbourhood audit, GIS and routinely available datasets) and sedentary behaviour (sitting time). Individual-level positive mental well-being and health behaviours were associated with sedentary time. Individual-level social networks were associated with decreased sedentary time in men and increased sedentary time in women. Neighbourhood-level measures of social networks and perceived neighbourhood quality were associated with reduced sedentary time. Fifteen per cent of the variance in sedentary time was attributable to differences at the neighbourhood level (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.15). These findings suggest that social networks at the individual and neighbourhood levels, collective perceptions of neighbourhood quality, individual-level positive mental well-being and other health behaviours may be important components of interventions developed to reduce sedentary time in deprived populations.

LanguageEnglish
PublisherTaylor and Francis
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
ISSN1746-1391
Electronic1536-7290
Publication dates
Online11 May 2017
Print09 Aug 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Jan 2018
Accepted01 Dec 2016
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 11/05/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2017.1323951

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1323951
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