Treatment of chronic pain for adults 65 and over: analyses of outcomes and changes in psychological flexibility following interdisciplinary acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)

Article


Scott, W., Daly, A., Yu, L. and McCracken, L. 2017. Treatment of chronic pain for adults 65 and over: analyses of outcomes and changes in psychological flexibility following interdisciplinary acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Pain Medicine. 18 (2), pp. 252-264. https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnw073
TypeArticle
TitleTreatment of chronic pain for adults 65 and over: analyses of outcomes and changes in psychological flexibility following interdisciplinary acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
AuthorsScott, W., Daly, A., Yu, L. and McCracken, L.
Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for older adults with chronic pain. Secondarily, we examined the associations between changes on processes of psychological
flexibility and treatment outcome variables.
Subjects. Participants were 60 adults with chronic pain age 65 and older selected from a larger consecutive sample of 928 adults of any age. All participants had longstanding pain that was associated with significant distress and disability.
Methods. Participants completed measures of pain, functioning, and depression, and processes of psychological flexibility at baseline, immediately posttreatment, and at a 9-month follow-up. Treatment consisted of a 2- or 4-week residential program
based on principles of ACT delivered by an interdisciplinary
team. Treatment was designed to increase daily functioning by enhancing key processes of psychological flexibility, including openness, awareness, and committed action.
Results. Participants showed significant improvements in functioning and mental health at posttreatment. Participants also showed significant increases in pain acceptance and committed action from pre to post-treatment. Small effect sizes were observed for most treatment outcome and process variables in
the pre-treatment to follow-up intervals; however, these improvements were not statistically significant. In secondary analyses, changes in facets of psychological flexibility were significantly associated with improvements in social functioning and mental health.
Conclusion. This study supports the potential effectiveness
of ACT for chronic pain among older adults. Future research is needed to determine how to maximize the impact of this treatment, particularly through greater impact on psychological flexibility.

KeywordsChronic Pain; Older Adults; Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
LanguageEnglish
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
JournalPain Medicine
ISSN1526-2375
Electronic1526-4637
Publication dates
Online12 Jan 2017
Print28 Feb 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited10 Feb 2020
Accepted24 May 2016
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Pain Medicine following peer review. The version of record "Whitney Scott, PhD, Aisling Daly, BA, Lin Yu, MSc, Lance M. McCracken, PhD, Treatment of Chronic Pain for Adults 65 and Over: Analyses of Outcomes and Changes in Psychological Flexibility Following Interdisciplinary Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Pain Medicine, Volume 18, Issue 2, February 2017, Pages 252–264," is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/painmedicine/article/18/2/252/2924690 and http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnw073].

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnw073
Web of Science identifierWOS:000397103700007
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