Professor Karen Duke


Professor Karen Duke
NameProfessor Karen Duke
Job titleProfessor in Criminology
Research institute
Primary appointmentLaw and Social Sciences
Email addressk.duke@mdx.ac.uk
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2567-4218
Contact categoryResearcher

Biography

Biography

Prior to joining Middlesex, I worked as a researcher in the Home Office Research and Planning Unit and was involved in two major studies on refugee settlement in Britain. Since then, my research has focused on the following areas: the interface between drugs and criminal justice policy; drugs and alcohol policy in prisons; the relationship between research and policy; harm reduction in prisons; the shift towards 'recovery' in drugs policy and practice; stakeholders in addictions policy and substance use prevention and young people. I have conducted research and undertaken consultancy for the Home Office, Department of Health, former Central Drugs Co-ordination Unit (Cabinet Office), Ministry of Justice, National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), the Royal Society for the Arts, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the European Commission (FP7 ALICE RAP, Addicton and Lifestyles in Contemporary Europe: Reframing Addictions Project and EPPIC: Exchanging prevention practices on polydrug use among youth in criminal justice systems 2017-2020 EPPIC project).

I am Co-Director of the Drug and Alcohol Research Centre and joint Editor-in-Chief of the peer reviewed journal: Drugs: education, prevention and policy.  I am also the Research Leader for Criminology and Sociology and co-ordinated our REF 2021 submission for Social Policy and Social Work UoA20.

My main areas of teaching are in the areas of drugs and criminal justice. I am the  Module Leader for CRM 4618 Drugs and Crime (Distance Learning) and CRM 3704 Drugs, Crime and Control. I also lead sessions on CRM1270 Crime in Social Context, CRM 2274 Prisons and Penology and CRM 4613 Criminal Justice, Courts and Prisons.  I supervise undergraduate and MA dissertation students and MPhil/PhD students across a range of topics. 

I am a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Professional Memberships:

Fellow of the Royal Society for the Arts (FRSA)

Fellow of the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust Society

Senior Fellow of Higher Education Academy

Member of the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy, European Society for Social Drug Research, European Society of Criminology, American Society of Criminology, the British Society of Criminology, and the Social Policy Association.

Education and qualifications

PhD
Middlesex University
MPhil in Criminology
University of Cambridge
BA (Honours) in Sociology
University of Saskatchewan, Canada

Grants

Prizes and Awards

Research outputs

The framing of contemporary violence policy in England and Wales: an examination of the contributing roles of alcohol and illegal drugs

Lightowlers, C. and Duke, K. 2024. The framing of contemporary violence policy in England and Wales: an examination of the contributing roles of alcohol and illegal drugs. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. https://doi.org/10.1177/14550725241256465

Responding to ‘wicked problems’: policy and governance on drug-related deaths in English and Welsh prisons, 2015-2021

Duke, K. and MacGregor, S. 2024. Responding to ‘wicked problems’: policy and governance on drug-related deaths in English and Welsh prisons, 2015-2021. International Journal of Drug Policy. 126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2024.104358

The risk matrix : drug-related deaths in prisons in England and Wales, 2015-2020

Duke, K., Gleeson, H., MacGregor, S. and Thom, B. 2023. The risk matrix : drug-related deaths in prisons in England and Wales, 2015-2020. Journal of Community Psychology. 2023. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22989

Exploring the motivations and social organisation of intoxication in prison settings

Kolind, T. and Duke, K. 2022. Exploring the motivations and social organisation of intoxication in prison settings. in: Hunt, G., Antin, T. and Asmussen Frank, V. (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Intoxicants and Intoxication Routledge. pp. 191-202

Exchanging prevention practices on polydrug use among youth in criminal justice systems (EPPIC)

Thom, B. and Duke, K. 2022. Exchanging prevention practices on polydrug use among youth in criminal justice systems (EPPIC). in: Hantrais, L. (ed.) How to Manage International Multidisciplinary Research Projects Edward Elgar. pp. 114-125

Building cultures of participation: involving young people in contact with the criminal justice system in the development of drug interventions in the United Kingdom, Denmark, Italy and Poland

Duke, K., Gleeson, H., Dabrowska, K., Herold, M., Rolando, S. and Thom, B. 2023. Building cultures of participation: involving young people in contact with the criminal justice system in the development of drug interventions in the United Kingdom, Denmark, Italy and Poland. Youth Justice. 23 (1), pp. 97-116. https://doi.org/10.1177/14732254221075206

Trajectories of drug involvement among young people in contact with criminal justice systems in six European countries

Rolando, S., Beccaria, F. and Duke, K. 2021. Trajectories of drug involvement among young people in contact with criminal justice systems in six European countries. in: Chatwin, C., Potter, G. and Werse, B. (ed.) Who? Variation and distinction in the European drugs landscape Lengerich, Germany Pabst Publishers. pp. 127-145

‘Keeping a lid on it’: exploring ‘problematisations’ of prescribed medication in prisons in the UK

Duke, K. and Trebilcock, J. 2022. ‘Keeping a lid on it’: exploring ‘problematisations’ of prescribed medication in prisons in the UK. International Journal of Drug Policy. 100, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103515

Editorial DEPP: drug experienced young people in contact with the criminal justice system. Understanding the challenges and working towards solutions

Frank, V., Rolando, S., Thom, B., Beccaria, F., Duke, K. and Herold, M. 2021. Editorial DEPP: drug experienced young people in contact with the criminal justice system. Understanding the challenges and working towards solutions. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 28 (1), pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2020.1825627

The engagement of young people in drug interventions in coercive contexts: findings from a cross-national European study

Duke, K., Gleeson, H., Dabrowska, K., Herold, M. and Rolando, S. 2021. The engagement of young people in drug interventions in coercive contexts: findings from a cross-national European study. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 28 (1), pp. 26-35. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2020.1763917

'I like money, I like many things'. The relationship between drugs and crime from the perspective of young people in contact with criminal justice systems

Rolando, S., Asmussen Frank, V., Duke, K., Kahlert, R., Pisarska, A., Graf, N. and Beccaria, F. 2021. 'I like money, I like many things'. The relationship between drugs and crime from the perspective of young people in contact with criminal justice systems. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 28 (1), pp. 7-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2020.1754339

Framing and reframing drug ‘problems’ in prison spaces and populations

Duke, K. and Kolind, T. 2020. Framing and reframing drug ‘problems’ in prison spaces and populations. in: MacGregor, S. and Thom, B. (ed.) Risk and substance use: framing dangerous people and dangerous places Routledge, Taylor & Francis. pp. 162-182

Translation and transferability of approaches and intervention programmes: cross country report WP7

Herring, R., Thom, B. and Duke, K. 2020. Translation and transferability of approaches and intervention programmes: cross country report WP7. Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University.

Availability, accessibility, and coverage of needle and syringe programs in prisons in the European Union

Moazen, B., Dolan, K., Moghaddam, S., Lotfizadeh, M., Duke, K., Neuhann, F., Stöver, H. and Jahn, A. 2020. Availability, accessibility, and coverage of needle and syringe programs in prisons in the European Union. Epidemiologic Reviews. 42 (1), pp. 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxaa003

Challenges to providing culturally sensitive drug interventions for black and Asian minority ethnic (BAME) groups within UK youth justice systems

Gleeson, H., Duke, K. and Thom, B. 2019. Challenges to providing culturally sensitive drug interventions for black and Asian minority ethnic (BAME) groups within UK youth justice systems. Drugs and Alcohol Today. 19 (3), pp. 172-181. https://doi.org/10.1108/DAT-11-2018-0068

Framing 'drug prevention' for young people in contact with the criminal justice system in England: views from practitioners in the field

Duke, K., Thom, B. and Gleeson, H. 2020. Framing 'drug prevention' for young people in contact with the criminal justice system in England: views from practitioners in the field. Journal of Youth Studies. 23 (4), pp. 511-529. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2019.1632818

Engaging young people: perspectives from 'solution focused' workshops and interviews with young people

Thom, B., Duke, K. and Herring, R. 2019. Engaging young people: perspectives from 'solution focused' workshops and interviews with young people. London, UK Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University.

Producing the 'problem' of new psychoactive substances (NPS) in English prisons

Duke, K. 2020. Producing the 'problem' of new psychoactive substances (NPS) in English prisons. International Journal of Drug Policy. 80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.05.022

Drug education in schools: the Daniel Spargo-Mabbs programme

Annand, F., Duke, K., Herring, R., Syreti, N., Thom, B. and Tzimopoulou, K. 2019. Drug education in schools: the Daniel Spargo-Mabbs programme. Middlesex University.

Interventions to prevent and reduce young people’s substance use and criminal justice involvement trajectories

Gleeson, H., Duke, K., Clarke, Z. and Thom, B. 2018. Interventions to prevent and reduce young people’s substance use and criminal justice involvement trajectories. London, UK Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University.

EPPIC: 2nd National report executive summary (England) Descriptions of innovative approaches including professionals’ and young peoples’ perceptions and narratives

Thom, B., Duke, K. and Gleeson, H. 2018. EPPIC: 2nd National report executive summary (England) Descriptions of innovative approaches including professionals’ and young peoples’ perceptions and narratives. Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University.

EPPIC: 2nd National report (England) Descriptions of innovative approaches including professionals’ and young peoples’ perceptions and narratives

Thom, B., Duke, K. and Gleeson, H. 2018. EPPIC: 2nd National report (England) Descriptions of innovative approaches including professionals’ and young peoples’ perceptions and narratives. Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University.

Workforce development: is there a paradigm shift?

Thom, B., Duke, K. and Herring, R. 2017. Workforce development: is there a paradigm shift? Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 24 (6), pp. 427-429. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2017.1385725

EPPIC - Exchanging Prevention practices on Polydrug use among youth in Criminal justice systems: WP4 National Report: England and Wales June 2017 Executive Summary

Thom, B., Duke, K. and Annand, F. 2017. EPPIC - Exchanging Prevention practices on Polydrug use among youth in Criminal justice systems: WP4 National Report: England and Wales June 2017 Executive Summary. Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University.

EPPIC - Exchanging Prevention Practices on Polydrug use among youth in Criminal Justice Systems: WP4 National Report: England and Wales June 2017

Annand, F., Duke, K. and Thom, B. 2017. EPPIC - Exchanging Prevention Practices on Polydrug use among youth in Criminal Justice Systems: WP4 National Report: England and Wales June 2017. Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University.

The prison population and illegal drug use

Duke, K. and Kolind, T. 2016. The prison population and illegal drug use. in: Kolind, T., Thom, B. and Hunt, G. (ed.) The SAGE Handbook of Drug and Alcohol Studies SAGE Publications. pp. 507-528

The Alcohol Health Alliance: the emergence of an advocacy coalition to stimulate policy change

Thom, B., Herring, R., Thickett, A. and Duke, K. 2016. The Alcohol Health Alliance: the emergence of an advocacy coalition to stimulate policy change. British Politics. 11 (3), pp. 301-323. https://doi.org/10.1057/bp.2015.50

Drugs in prisons: exploring use, control, treatment and policy

Kolind, T. and Duke, K. 2016. Drugs in prisons: exploring use, control, treatment and policy. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 23 (2), pp. 89-92. https://doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2016.1153604

The role of stakeholders in addictions policy and intervention

Houborg, E., Thom, B., Beccaria, F., Eisenbach-Stangl, I., Herring, R., Moskalewicz, J. and Welbel, M. 2016. The role of stakeholders in addictions policy and intervention. in: Hellman, M., Berridge, V., Duke, K. and Mold, A. (ed.) Concepts of Addictive Substances and Behaviours Across Time and Place Oxford Oxford University Press (OUP). pp. 87-106

Ownership of addiction: variations across time and place

Hellman, M., Berridge, V., Duke, K. and Mold, A. 2016. Ownership of addiction: variations across time and place. in: Hellman, M., Berridge, V., Duke, K. and Mold, A. (ed.) Concepts of addictive substances and behaviours across time and place Oxford Oxford University Press (OUP). pp. 1-14

Exploring user groups as stakeholders in drug policy processes in four European countries

Bjerge, B., Duke, K., Frank, V., Rolando, S. and Eisenbach-Stangl, I. 2016. Exploring user groups as stakeholders in drug policy processes in four European countries. in: Hellman, M., Berridge, V., Duke, K. and Mold, A. (ed.) Concepts of addictive substances and behaviours across time and place Oxford Oxford University Press (OUP). pp. 107-128

Concepts of addictive substances and behaviours across time and place

Hellman, M., Berridge, V., Duke, K. and Mold, A. (ed.) 2016. Concepts of addictive substances and behaviours across time and place. Oxford Oxford University Press (OUP).

Exchanging expertise and constructing boundaries: the development of a transnational knowledge network around heroin-assisted treatment

Duke, K. 2016. Exchanging expertise and constructing boundaries: the development of a transnational knowledge network around heroin-assisted treatment. International Journal of Drug Policy. 31, pp. 56-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.12.004

Exchanging expertise and constructing boundaries: the development of a transnational knowledge network around heroin-assisted treatment

Duke, K. 2016. Exchanging expertise and constructing boundaries: the development of a transnational knowledge network around heroin-assisted treatment. International Journal of Drug Policy. 31, pp. 56-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.12.004

Stakeholder influences on drug and alcohol policy processes

Asmussen Frank, V., Bjerge, B., Duke, K., Klein, A. and Stothard, B. 2015. Stakeholder influences on drug and alcohol policy processes. Drugs and Alcohol Today. 15 (4), pp. 177-180. https://doi.org/10.1108/DAT-10-2015-0060

Stakeholder ownership: a theoretical framework for cross national understanding and analyses of stakeholder involvement in issues of substance use, problem use and addiction

Thom, B., Beccaria, F., Bjerge, B., Duke, K., Eisenbach-Stangl, I., Herring, R., Holmila, M., Houborg, E., Asmussen Frank, V., Moskalewicz, J., Rolando, S., Thickett, A., Warpenius, K. and Welbel, M. 2015. Stakeholder ownership: a theoretical framework for cross national understanding and analyses of stakeholder involvement in issues of substance use, problem use and addiction. ALICE RAP European Commission.

The prison population and drug use

Duke, K. and Kolind, T. 2015. The prison population and drug use. in: Kolind, T., Thom, B. and Hunt, G. (ed.) Handbook on Drug and Alcohol Studies – Social Science Perspectives Sage.

Producing the 'problem of drugs': a cross national-comparison of ‘recovery' discourse in two Australian and British reports

Lancaster, K., Duke, K. and Ritter, A. 2015. Producing the 'problem of drugs': a cross national-comparison of ‘recovery' discourse in two Australian and British reports. International Journal of Drug Policy. 26 (7), pp. 617-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.04.006

The shifting roles of medical stakeholders in opioid substitution treatment: a comparison between Denmark and the UK

Bjerge, B., Duke, K. and Frank, V. 2015. The shifting roles of medical stakeholders in opioid substitution treatment: a comparison between Denmark and the UK. Drugs and Alcohol Today. 15 (4), pp. 216-230. https://doi.org/10.1108/DAT-07-2015-0033

The role of evidence and the expert in contemporary processes of governance: the case of opioid substitution treatment policy in England

Duke, K. and Thom, B. 2014. The role of evidence and the expert in contemporary processes of governance: the case of opioid substitution treatment policy in England. International Journal of Drug Policy. 25 (5), pp. 964-971. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.01.015

Substitution treatment in the era of recovery: an analysis of stakeholder roles and policy windows in Britain

Duke, K., Herring, R., Thickett, A. and Thom, B. 2013. Substitution treatment in the era of recovery: an analysis of stakeholder roles and policy windows in Britain. Substance Use and Misuse. 48 (11), pp. 966-976. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2013.797727

Stakeholders in opioid substitution treatment policy: similarities and differences in six European countries

Thom, B., Duke, K., Frank, V. and Bjerge, B. 2013. Stakeholders in opioid substitution treatment policy: similarities and differences in six European countries. Substance Use and Misuse. 48 (11), pp. 933-942. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2013.797720

Containing contradictions: the development of prison drugs policy in England since 1980

Duke, K. 1999. Containing contradictions: the development of prison drugs policy in England since 1980. PhD thesis Middlesex University School of Social Science

From crime to recovery: the reframing of British drugs policy?

Duke, K. 2012. From crime to recovery: the reframing of British drugs policy? Journal of Drug Issues. 43 (1), pp. 39-55. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022042612466614

Reconceptualising harm reduction in prisons

Duke, K. 2011. Reconceptualising harm reduction in prisons. in: Fraser, S. and Moore, D. (ed.) The drug effect: health, crime and society Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press. pp. 209-224

Clashes in culture? the 'professionalisation' and 'criminalisation' of the drugs workforce

Duke, K. 2010. Clashes in culture? the 'professionalisation' and 'criminalisation' of the drugs workforce. British Journal of Community Justice. 8 (2), pp. 31-43.

The focus on crime and coercion in UK drugs policy

Duke, K. 2009. The focus on crime and coercion in UK drugs policy. in: MacGregor, S. (ed.) Responding to drugs misuse: research and policy priorities in health and social care London Routledge. pp. 14-24

Out of crime and into treatment? The criminalisation of contemporary drug policy since Tackling Drugs Together

Duke, K. 2006. Out of crime and into treatment? The criminalisation of contemporary drug policy since Tackling Drugs Together. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 13 (5), pp. 409-415. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687630600613520

Déjà vu?: Opportunities and obstacles in developing alcohol policy in English prisons

Duke, K. 2005. Déjà vu?: Opportunities and obstacles in developing alcohol policy in English prisons. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 12 (5), pp. 417-430. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687630500281873

Drugs, prisons and policy-making

Duke, K. 2003. Drugs, prisons and policy-making. London Palgrave Macmillan.

Getting beyond the 'official line': reflections on dilemmas of access, knowledge, and power in researching policy networks

Duke, K. 2002. Getting beyond the 'official line': reflections on dilemmas of access, knowledge, and power in researching policy networks. Journal of Social Policy. 31 (1), pp. 39-59. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047279402006505

Evidence-based policy making?: The interplay between research and the development of prison drugs policy

Duke, K. 2001. Evidence-based policy making?: The interplay between research and the development of prison drugs policy. Criminal Justice. 1 (3), pp. 277-300. https://doi.org/10.1177/1466802501001003002

Evidence-based policy-making?: research utilisation and the development of prison drugs policy.

Duke, K. 2000. Evidence-based policy-making?: research utilisation and the development of prison drugs policy. Social Policy Association Conference. University of Surrey 18 - 20 Jul 2000

Prison drugs policy since 1980: shifting agendas and policy networks

Duke, K. 2000. Prison drugs policy since 1980: shifting agendas and policy networks. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. 7 (4), pp. 393-408. https://doi.org/10.1080/dep.7.4.393.408

Refugee resettlement in Europe

Duke, K., Sales, R. and Gregory, J. 1999. Refugee resettlement in Europe. in: Bloch, A. and Levy, C. (ed.) Refugees, social policy and citizenship in Europe Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 105-131

Tackling drugs locally: the implementation of drug action teams in England

Duke, K. and MacGregor, S. 1997. Tackling drugs locally: the implementation of drug action teams in England. London HMSO. https://doi.org/9780114301460

Activating local networks: a comparison of two community development approaches to drug prevention

Duke, K., MacGregor, S. and Smith, L. 1996. Activating local networks: a comparison of two community development approaches to drug prevention. London Home Office Drugs Prevention Initiative. https://doi.org/9781858935560

The resettlement experiences of refugees in the UK: main findings from an interview study

Duke, K. 1996. The resettlement experiences of refugees in the UK: main findings from an interview study. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 22 (3), pp. 461-478. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.1996.9976550

Vietnamese refugees since 1982

Duke, K. and Marshall, T. 1995. Vietnamese refugees since 1982. London HMSO.

The settlement of refugees in Britain

Carey-Wood, J., Duke, K., Karn, V. and Marshall, T. 1995. The settlement of refugees in Britain. London HMSO.
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