Dr Alice Donald


Dr Alice Donald
NameDr Alice Donald
Job titleProfessor in Human Rights Law
Research institute
Primary appointmentLaw and Social Sciences
Email addressA.Donald@mdx.ac.uk
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8541-3530
Contact categoryResearcher

Biography

Biography

Dr Alice Donald is Professor of Human Rights Law in the Department of Law and Social Sciences. Her research focuses on human rights implementation and the relationship between human rights and democratic governance, with a focus on the role of Parliaments. Alice previously worked as a commissioner, editor, broadcast journalist and journalism trainer at the BBC World Service (1991-2005).

Teaching

Module leader: Year 2 LLB – UK and European Human Rights Law

Module leader: LLM – European Human Rights Law and Practice

Tutor: LLM - International Human Rights Law

Tutor: MA - Sustainable Development and Human Rights 

Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

Leadership positions 

Postgraduate Research Degrees Coordinator for Law

Director of Research for Law 

Education and qualifications

Grants

Prizes and Awards

Evidence to public body

Enforcing human rights in the UK
Joint Committee on Human Rights
09 May 2018

Oral evidence to Joint Committee on Human Rights in the context of inquiry into Enforcing Human Rights in the UK

https://committees.parliament.uk/oralevidence/7957/html/
Submission to the Independent Human Rights Act Review 2021
Independent Human Rights Act Review 2021 (Ministry of Justice)
03 Mar 2021

Evidence substantiating the view that the Human Rights Act 1998 functions well and is not in need of reform.

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/990398/individuals-m-z.zip
Safety of Rwanda (Asylum and Immigration) Bill
Joint Committee on Human Rights
04 Jan 2024

The submission discusses the risks inherent in using law to predetermine a factual situation and how the Safety of Rwanda (Asylum and Immigration) Bill could be amended to mitigate this risk.

https://committees.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/127965/pdf/

External activities

Expert consultant for the Council of Europe
Consultant
Council of Europe

Various consultancies for the Council of Europe, including drafting guidance and training parliamentarians and parliamentary staff from 2013 onwards.

https://assembly.coe.int/LifeRay/JUR/Pdf/Handbook/HumanRightsHandbook-EN.pdf

Research outputs

Explainer: The UK’s ECHR record: how common are Rule 39 orders and how often is the UK found to have violated rights?

Donald, A. and Grogan, J. 2024. Explainer: The UK’s ECHR record: how common are Rule 39 orders and how often is the UK found to have violated rights? UK in a Changing Europe.

Explainer: What are the Rwanda Treaty and the Safety of Rwanda (Asylum and Immigration) Bill?

Donald, A. and Grogan, J. 2023. Explainer: What are the Rwanda Treaty and the Safety of Rwanda (Asylum and Immigration) Bill? UK in a Changing Europe.

Defeat in the Supreme Court: where next for UK asylum policy?

Donald, A. and Grogan, J. 2023. Defeat in the Supreme Court: where next for UK asylum policy? Verfassungsblog.

Explainer: The Illegal Migration Act 2023

Donald, A. and Grogan, J. 2023. Explainer: The Illegal Migration Act 2023. UK in a Changing Europe.

Explainer: Compliance with the European Convention on Human Rights: the UK and Europe

Donald, A. and Grogan, J. 2023. Explainer: Compliance with the European Convention on Human Rights: the UK and Europe. UK in a Changing Europe.

The UK vs the ECtHR: Anatomy of a politically engineered collision course

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2023. The UK vs the ECtHR: Anatomy of a politically engineered collision course. https://doi.org/10.17176/20230505-204527-0

Explainer: The Illegal Migration Bill

Donald, A. and Grogan, J. 2023. Explainer: The Illegal Migration Bill. UK in a Changing Europe.

Responding to seismic change in Europe—The road to Reykjavik and beyond

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2023. Responding to seismic change in Europe—The road to Reykjavik and beyond. European Human Rights Law Review. 2023 (2), pp. 95-111.

Adapt or Die? The Council of Europe seeks new ideas to address ‘seismic change’

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2023. Adapt or Die? The Council of Europe seeks new ideas to address ‘seismic change’. Verfassungsblog.

Earning deference from Strasbourg: Has the UK got the message?

Donald, A. 2022. Earning deference from Strasbourg: Has the UK got the message? The Human Rights Act After 22 Years: Evolution, Impact, Future Directions. Goodenough College, London, WC1N 2AB 03 - 04 Nov 2022

Rule of law in peril? Checking states’ misuse of power–implications and consequences of article 18 violations

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2022. Rule of law in peril? Checking states’ misuse of power–implications and consequences of article 18 violations. in: Liber Amicorum Robert Spano Strasbourg Council of Europe. pp. 401-413

Why the Bill of Rights poses problems for human rights in Europe – and the UK’s international standing

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2022. Why the Bill of Rights poses problems for human rights in Europe – and the UK’s international standing. ukandeu.ac.uk.

Explainer: the Bill of Rights Bill

Donald, A. 2022. Explainer: the Bill of Rights Bill. ukandeu.ac.uk.

Human Rights - the essential frame of reference in response to the COVID-19 pandemic

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2022. Human Rights - the essential frame of reference in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. in: Grogan, J. and Donald, A. (ed.) Routledge Handbook on Law and the COVID-19 pandemic Abingdon, Oxon Routledge. pp. 101-116

The rule of law as the perimeter of legitimacy for COVID-19 responses

Grogan, J. and Beqiraj, J. 2022. The rule of law as the perimeter of legitimacy for COVID-19 responses. in: Grogan, J. and Donald, A. (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Law and the COVID-19 Pandemic Abingdon, Oxon Routledge. pp. 201-213

(Un)Governing: COVID-19 response in the UK

Grogan, J. 2022. (Un)Governing: COVID-19 response in the UK. in: Grogan, J. and Donald, A. (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Law and the COVID-19 Pandemic Routledge. pp. 60-71

Lessons for a 'post-pandemic' future

Grogan, J. and Donald, A. 2022. Lessons for a 'post-pandemic' future. in: Grogan, J. and Donald, A. (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Law and the COVID-19 Pandemic Abingdon, Oxon Routledge. pp. 473-484

Routledge Handbook of law and the COVID-19 pandemic

Grogan, J. and Donald, A. (ed.) 2022. Routledge Handbook of law and the COVID-19 pandemic. Abingdon, Oxon Routledge.

Public health is not the only measure of success. The ‘health’ of democratic institutions matters too

Donald, A. and Grogan, J. 2022. Public health is not the only measure of success. The ‘health’ of democratic institutions matters too. London School of Economics and Political Science.

Policy paper on the implications of COVID-19: Insights into state governance and the rule of law, human rights and good governance during the COVID-19 pandemic

Grogan, J. and Donald, A. 2022. Policy paper on the implications of COVID-19: Insights into state governance and the rule of law, human rights and good governance during the COVID-19 pandemic. Leuven European Commission.

Compliance in the UK in the ‘age of subsidiarity’

Donald, A. 2021. Compliance in the UK in the ‘age of subsidiarity’. in: Grote, R., Morales Antoniazzi, M. and Paris, D. (ed.) Research Handbook on Compliance in International Human Rights Law Edward Elgar.

Time for the gloves to come off?: The response by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe to rule of law backsliding

Donald, A. and Speck, A. 2021. Time for the gloves to come off?: The response by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe to rule of law backsliding. European Convention on Human Rights Law Review. 2 (2), pp. 241-273. https://doi.org/10.1163/26663236-bja10025

Engaging with Europe after Brexit: Time to reset the UK’s relationship with the Council of Europe

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2020. Engaging with Europe after Brexit: Time to reset the UK’s relationship with the Council of Europe. London, UK Foreign Policy Centre.

Principled resistance to ECtHR Judgments – A New Paradigm?, edited by Marten Breuer [Book review]

Donald, A. 2020. Principled resistance to ECtHR Judgments – A New Paradigm?, edited by Marten Breuer [Book review]. European Convention on Human Rights Law Review. 1 (2), pp. 297-302. https://doi.org/10.1163/26663236-00102003

The dynamics of domestic human rights implementation: lessons from qualitative research in Europe

Donald, A. and Speck, A. 2020. The dynamics of domestic human rights implementation: lessons from qualitative research in Europe. Journal of Human Rights Practice. 12 (1), pp. 48-70. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huaa007

Identifying and assessing the implementation of human rights decisions

Donald, A., Long, D. and Speck, A. 2020. Identifying and assessing the implementation of human rights decisions. Journal of Human Rights Practice. 12 (1), pp. 125-148. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huaa003

The European Court of Human Rights’ remedial practice and its impact on the execution of judgments

Donald, A. and Speck, A. 2019. The European Court of Human Rights’ remedial practice and its impact on the execution of judgments. Human Rights Law Review. 19 (1), pp. 83-117. https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/ngy043

National parliaments as guarantors of human rights in Europe: handbook for parliamentarians

Donald, A. and Speck, A. 2018. National parliaments as guarantors of human rights in Europe: handbook for parliamentarians. Strasbourg Council of Europe.

Copenhagen: keeping on keeping on. A reply to Mikael Rask Madsen and Jonas Christoffersen on the draft Copenhagen declaration [Blog post]

Leach, P. and Donald, A. 2018. Copenhagen: keeping on keeping on. A reply to Mikael Rask Madsen and Jonas Christoffersen on the draft Copenhagen declaration [Blog post]. EJIL-talk: Blog of the European Journal of International Law.

A wolf in sheep’s clothing: why the draft copenhagen declaration must be rewritten

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2018. A wolf in sheep’s clothing: why the draft copenhagen declaration must be rewritten. EJIL-talk: Blog of the European Journal of International Law.

Parliaments as compliance partners in the European Convention on Human Rights system

Donald, A. 2017. Parliaments as compliance partners in the European Convention on Human Rights system. in: Saul, M., Follesdal, A. and Ulfstein, G. (ed.) The International Human Rights Judiciary and National Parliaments: Europe and Beyond Cambridge Cambridge University Press. pp. 75-109

The duty to investigate right to life violations across three regional systems: harmonisation or fragmentation of international human rights law?

Leach, P., Murray, R. and Sandoval, C. 2016. The duty to investigate right to life violations across three regional systems: harmonisation or fragmentation of international human rights law? in: Buckley, C., Donald, A. and Leach, P. (ed.) Towards convergence in international human rights law: approaches of regional and international systems Leiden Brill | Nijhoff.

Introduction

Donald, A., Buckley, C. and Leach, P. 2016. Introduction. in: Buckley, C., Donald, A. and Leach, P. (ed.) Towards Convergence in International Human Rights Law: Approaches of Regional and International Systems Brill | Nijhoff.

Is the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination the de facto minority rights treaty?

Keane, D. and Castellino, J. 2016. Is the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination the de facto minority rights treaty? in: Buckley, C., Donald, A. and Leach, P. (ed.) Towards Convergence in International Human Rights Law: Approaches of Regional and International Systems Brill/Martinus Nijhoff.

Towards convergence in international human rights law: approaches of regional and international systems

Buckley, C., Donald, A. and Leach, P. (ed.) 2016. Towards convergence in international human rights law: approaches of regional and international systems. Leiden Brill | Nijhoff.

Human rights through the backdoor: the contribution of special procedures to the normative coherence and contradictions of International Human Rights Law

Dominguez-Redondo, E. 2016. Human rights through the backdoor: the contribution of special procedures to the normative coherence and contradictions of International Human Rights Law. in: Buckley, C., Donald, A. and Leach, P. (ed.) Towards Convergence in International Human Rights Law: Approaches of Regional and International Systems Brill | Nijhoff.

A democratic defence of the European Court of Human Rights

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2016. A democratic defence of the European Court of Human Rights. Oxford University Press (OUP).

Parliaments and the European Court of Human Rights

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2016. Parliaments and the European Court of Human Rights. Oxford Oxford University Press (OUP).

The implementation of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights against the UK: unravelling the paradox

Donald, A. 2015. The implementation of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights against the UK: unravelling the paradox. in: Ziegler, K., Wicks, E. and Hodson, L. (ed.) The UK and European Human Rights: A Strained Relationship? Oxford Hart. pp. 135-162

The role of parliaments in implementing ECHR standards: overview of existing structures and mechanisms

Donald, A. and Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe 2015. The role of parliaments in implementing ECHR standards: overview of existing structures and mechanisms. Strasbourg Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

The role of parliaments following judgments of the European Court of Human Rights

Donald, A. and Leach, P. 2015. The role of parliaments following judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. in: Hunt, M., Hooper, H. and Yowell, P. (ed.) Parliaments and Human Rights: Redressing the Democratic Deficit Oxford Hart. pp. 59-92

Religion or belief in the workplace and service delivery: findings from a call for evidence

Mitchell, M., Beninger, K., Donald, A., Howard, E. and NatCen Social Research 2015. Religion or belief in the workplace and service delivery: findings from a call for evidence. Equality and Human Rights Commission.

The right to freedom of religion or belief and its intersection with other rights

Donald, A., Howard, E. and ILGA-Europe 2015. The right to freedom of religion or belief and its intersection with other rights. Brussels, Belgium ILGA-Europe.

The implementation and impact of the Human Rights Act 1998 in the UK

Donald, A. 2014. The implementation and impact of the Human Rights Act 1998 in the UK. PhD thesis Middlesex University School of Law

Identifying human rights stories: a scoping study

Donald, A. and Mottershaw, E. 2014. Identifying human rights stories: a scoping study. London Middlesex University.

Role of national parliaments

Donald, A. and PluriCourts and the Council of Europe 2014. Role of national parliaments. Conference on the Long-Term Future of the European Court of Human Rights. Oslo 07 - 08 Apr 2014 Council of Europe, PluriCourts. pp. 178-185

A Bill of Rights for the United Kingdom? Lessons from overseas

Donald, A. 2013. A Bill of Rights for the United Kingdom? Lessons from overseas. in: Masterman, R. and Leigh, I. (ed.) The United Kingdom's statutory Bill of Rights: constitutional and comparative perspectives Oxford, UK Oxford University Press (OUP).

Advancing debate about religion or belief, equality and human rights: grounds for optimism?

Donald, A. 2013. Advancing debate about religion or belief, equality and human rights: grounds for optimism? Oxford Journal of Law and Religion. 2 (1), pp. 50-71. https://doi.org/10.1093/ojlr/rwt002

Debating social rights [Book review]

Donald, A. 2012. Debating social rights [Book review]. Public Law. 2012 (Apr), pp. 370-374.

Limits and achievements of the Human Rights Act from the socio-economic point of view: the HRA, poverty and social exclusion

Donald, A. and Mottershaw, E. 2012. Limits and achievements of the Human Rights Act from the socio-economic point of view: the HRA, poverty and social exclusion. in: Kang-Riou, N., Milner, J. and Nayak, S. (ed.) Confronting the Human Rights Act: Contemporary Themes and Perspectives London and New York Routledge. pp. 141-158

Religion or belief, equality and human rights in England and Wales

Donald, A. 2012. Religion or belief, equality and human rights in England and Wales. Manchester, UK Equality and Human Rights Commission.

The UK and the European Court of Human Rights

Donald, A., Gordon, J. and Leach, P. 2012. The UK and the European Court of Human Rights. Equality and Human Rights Commission.

Developing a Bill of Rights for the UK

Donald, A. 2010. Developing a Bill of Rights for the UK. Manchester, UK Equality and Human Rights Commission.

Opinion: a Bill of Rights for the UK? Why the process matters

Donald, A. 2010. Opinion: a Bill of Rights for the UK? Why the process matters. European Human Rights Law Review. 5, pp. 459-464.

Evaluating the impact of human rights litigation on policy and practice: a case study of the UK

Donald, A. and Mottershaw, E. 2009. Evaluating the impact of human rights litigation on policy and practice: a case study of the UK. Journal of Human Rights Practice. 1 (3), pp. 339-361. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/hup019

Poverty, inequality and human rights: do human rights make a difference?

Donald, A. and Mottershaw, E. 2009. Poverty, inequality and human rights: do human rights make a difference? Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Evaluating the impact of selected cases under the Human Rights Act on public services provision

Donald, A., Mottershaw, E., Leach, P. and Watson, J. 2009. Evaluating the impact of selected cases under the Human Rights Act on public services provision. Manchester, UK Equality and Human Rights Commission.
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