Cryptic speciation and chromosomal repatterning in the South African climbing mice Dendromus (Rodentia, Nesomyidae)

Article


Solano, E., Taylor, P., Rautenbach, A., Ropiquet, A. and Castiglia, R. 2014. Cryptic speciation and chromosomal repatterning in the South African climbing mice Dendromus (Rodentia, Nesomyidae). PLoS ONE. 9 (2), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088799
TypeArticle
TitleCryptic speciation and chromosomal repatterning in the South African climbing mice Dendromus (Rodentia, Nesomyidae)
AuthorsSolano, E., Taylor, P., Rautenbach, A., Ropiquet, A. and Castiglia, R.
Abstract

We evaluate the intra- and interspecific diversity in the four South African rodent species of the genus Dendromus. The molecular phylogenetic analysis on twenty-three individuals have been conducted on a combined dataset of nuclear and mitochondrial markers. Moreover, the extent and processes underlying chromosomal variation, have been investigated on three species by mean of G-, C-bands, NORs and Zoo-FISH analysis. The molecular analysis shows the presence of six monophyletic lineages corresponding to D. mesomelas, D. mystacalis and four lineages within D. cfr. melanotis with high divergence values (ranges: 10.6% – 18.3%) that raises the question of the possible presence of cryptic species. The first description of the karyotype for D. mesomelas and D. mystacalis and C- and G- banding for one lineage of D. cfr. melanotis are reported highlighting an extended karyotype reorganization in the genus. Furthermore, the G-banding and Zoo-FISH evidenced an autosome-sex chromosome translocation characterizing all the species and our timing estimates this mutation date back 7.4 mya (Late Miocene). Finally, the molecular clock suggests that cladogenesis took place since the end of Miocene to Plio-Pleistocene, probably due to ecological factors, isolation in refugia followed by differential adaptation to the mesic or dry habitat.

Research GroupMolecular Biology group
PublisherPublic Library of Science
JournalPLoS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Publication dates
Print13 Feb 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Apr 2015
Accepted09 Nov 2013
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
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Copyright Statement

Copyright: © 2014 Solano et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088799
LanguageEnglish
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