Stages of gynaecological cancers at the time of first presentation at a large cancer hospital in Pakistan: An observational study

Article


Khaskheli, M., Baloch, S., Khaskheli, S., Durrani, R., Jhatial, N. and Shah, S. 2023. Stages of gynaecological cancers at the time of first presentation at a large cancer hospital in Pakistan: An observational study. Dubai Medical Journal. 6 (4), pp. 274-279. https://doi.org/10.1159/000534211
TypeArticle
TitleStages of gynaecological cancers at the time of first presentation at a large cancer hospital in Pakistan: An observational study
AuthorsKhaskheli, M., Baloch, S., Khaskheli, S., Durrani, R., Jhatial, N. and Shah, S.
Abstract

Objectives: The aim was to study the types of gynaecological cancers and their stages at the time when patients first presented at the cancer registry of a major cancer hospital.
Methods: This observational study was carried out in a large cancer hospital in Pakistan. We analysed secondary data on new cases of gynaecological cancer without age restriction of the patient. Fully anonymised data were obtained retrospectively from the cancer registry for 3 years from 01 January 2018 to 31 December 2020. Data were
analysed for frequencies and descriptive statistics using SPSS.
Results: A total of 285 new cases of gynaecological cancer were registered in the cancer registry during the study period. The patients had a median age of 52 years (mean 51.3, SD 15.7), and all had no education. Ovarian cancer was the most common gynaecologic cancer (57.9%, n = 165), followed by cervical cancer (25.9%, n = 74), uterine
(endometrial) cancer (10.9%, n = 31), vaginal cancer (3.9%, n = 10), and choriocarcinoma (1.4%, n = 4). About 32% of the patients had stage 1 cancer (n = 89), 37.5% had stage 2 cancer (n = 105), 25.7% had stage 3 cancer (n = 72), and 5% had stage 4 cancer (n = 14).
Conclusion: Ovarian, cervical, uterine, and vaginal cancers are the most prevalent gynaecological cancers. In Pakistan, women with gynaecological cancers, especially those who are uneducated and live in rural areas, attend tertiary care cancer hospitals with advanced cancers that can have a poor prognosis.

KeywordsGynaecologic oncology; Cancer in women; Female reproductive system; Malignant tumours; Pakistan
Sustainable Development Goals3 Good health and well-being
Middlesex University ThemeHealth & Wellbeing
LanguageEnglish
PublisherKarger
JournalDubai Medical Journal
ISSN2571-6522
Electronic2571-726X
Publication dates
Online23 Oct 2023
Print12 Dec 2023
Publication process dates
Submitted03 Apr 2023
Accepted18 Sep 2023
Deposited21 Mar 2024
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Copyright Statement

This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC (http://www.karger.com/Services/OpenAccessLicense). Usage and distribution for commercial purposes requires written permission.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1159/000534211
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