Averting depletion in a two-player common pool resource game: Being seen, the expectation of future encounters, and biophilia play a role in cooperation

Article


Bonfrisco, M., Russell, Y., Broom, M. and Spencer, R. 2024. Averting depletion in a two-player common pool resource game: Being seen, the expectation of future encounters, and biophilia play a role in cooperation. Dynamic Games and Applications. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13235-024-00557-8
TypeArticle
TitleAverting depletion in a two-player common pool resource game: Being seen, the expectation of future encounters, and biophilia play a role in cooperation
AuthorsBonfrisco, M., Russell, Y., Broom, M. and Spencer, R.
Abstract

Using a two-player common pool resource game, we investigated the influence of multiple factors on cooperation: (1) probability of future rounds, (2) visibility of other participants, (3) biophilia, (4) future discounting, and (5) life history. In each round, participants simultaneously and independently (without conferring) decided how much of the common pool to consume. Participants (n = 116) were informed that the shared resource would be fully replenished in the next round—but only if—both players together consumed ≤ 50% of the common pool in the current round. Additionally, participants were told the probability (0–100%) of further rounds of play with the same player (this probability was not real; it was purely to manipulate the player’s expectations). To assess the effect of the probability of future rounds, we developed a mathematical model to predict the threshold that would permit a Nash Equilibrium of Conditional Cooperation (CC). To manipulate visibility, half the pairs were tested in the same room (seen condition) and half in separate rooms (unseen condition). To measure biophilia, the “Nature Relatedness” (NR) scale was used. To measure future discounting, the “consideration of future consequences” (CFC) scale was used. To measure life history, the participant’s UK postcode was obtained (indicating possible residence in a deprived neighbourhood). Participants in our study were not paid. In our results, there was a significant effect showing more cooperation in the visible than not visible condition, but no significant effects of NR, CFC, nor postcodes (but NR was significant in interaction with visibility). For predictability of future rounds, we found a number of significant effects using different tests. A notable result was that there was significantly more CC when the probability of future rounds was ≥ 69% (congruent with one of our model predictions).

KeywordsCommon-pool resources; Laboratory experiments; Cooperation; Nash equilibrium; Future discounting; Biophilia
Sustainable Development Goals13 Climate action
Middlesex University ThemeSustainability
LanguageEnglish
PublisherSpringer
JournalDynamic Games and Applications
ISSN2153-0785
Electronic2153-0793
Publication dates
Online01 Apr 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted28 Jan 2024
Deposited03 Apr 2024
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Copyright Statement

Copyright © The Author(s) 2024
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s13235-024-00557-8
Web of Science identifierWOS:001194873600001
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/11q2x7

Download files


Publisher's version
s13235-024-00557-8.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 8
    total views
  • 1
    total downloads
  • 8
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Knowledge is an important aspect of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy
Rola, K. and Russell, Y. I. 2023. Knowledge is an important aspect of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. North American Journal of Psychology. 25 (4), pp. 865-878. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.24517330
Investigating emergent goal-like behaviour in large language models using experimental economics
Phelps, S. and Russell, Y. 2023. Investigating emergent goal-like behaviour in large language models using experimental economics. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2305.07970
An observational study of race and gender homophily in nursery children
Weisz, S. and Russell, Y. 2022. An observational study of race and gender homophily in nursery children. North American Journal of Psychology. 24 (4), pp. 691-700.
Gender differences in childhood anxiety in relation to school performance
Gana, F., Saadee, F. and Russell, Y. 2022. Gender differences in childhood anxiety in relation to school performance. North American Journal of Psychology. 24 (2), pp. 291-296.
Three problems of interdisciplinarity
Russell, Y. 2022. Three problems of interdisciplinarity. Avant. 13 (1), pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.26913/ava202206
Cooperation through image scoring: a replication
Russell, Y., Stoilova, Y. and Dosoftei, A. 2020. Cooperation through image scoring: a replication. Games. 11 (4). https://doi.org/10.3390/g11040058
Reputation
Russell, Y. 2019. Reputation. in: Vonk, J. and Shackelforth, T. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior Springer. pp. 1-8
Assemblage
Russell, Y. 2018. Assemblage. in: Vonk, J. and Shackelforth, T. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior Springer, Cham. pp. 1-4
Allogrooming
Russell, Y. 2018. Allogrooming. in: Vonk, J. and Shackelforth, T. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior Springer, Cham. pp. 1-4
Precise time-matching in chimpanzee allogrooming does not occur after a short delay
Phelps, S., Ng, W., Musolesi, M. and Russell, Y. 2018. Precise time-matching in chimpanzee allogrooming does not occur after a short delay. PLoS ONE. 13 (9), pp. 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0201810
Reciprocal mutualism not altruism: immediate but not delayed time matching in chimpanzee social grooming
Phelps, S., Ng, W., Musolesi, M. and Russell, Y. 2016. Reciprocal mutualism not altruism: immediate but not delayed time matching in chimpanzee social grooming. 8th European Conference on Behavioural Biology (ECBB2016). Vienna 12 - 15 Jul 2016
Reciprocity and reputation: a review of direct and indirect social information gathering
Russell, Y. 2016. Reciprocity and reputation: a review of direct and indirect social information gathering. Journal of Mind and Behavior. 37 (3-4), pp. 247-270.
Kleptoparasitism in gulls Laridae at an urban and a coastal foraging environment: an assessment of ecological predictors
Spencer, R., Russell, Y., Dickins, B. and Dickins, T. 2017. Kleptoparasitism in gulls Laridae at an urban and a coastal foraging environment: an assessment of ecological predictors. Bird Study. 64 (1), pp. 12-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/00063657.2016.1249821
Age and gender differences in smiling and laughter: the power asymmetry hypothesis retested
Robertson, L. and Russell, Y. 2016. Age and gender differences in smiling and laughter: the power asymmetry hypothesis retested. Human Ethology Bulletin. 31 (3), pp. 5-14. https://doi.org/10.22330/heb/311/005014
Polyadic grooming among captive chimpanzees
Russell, Y. and Dunbar, R. 2007. Polyadic grooming among captive chimpanzees. Conference: “Social Organization and Cognitive Tools. General Patterns in Vertebrates?". Konrad Lorenz Forschungsstelle, Grünau, Austria
Complexity in chimpanzee grooming cliques: complex thoughts or simple rules?
Russell, Y. and Dunbar, R. 2008. Complexity in chimpanzee grooming cliques: complex thoughts or simple rules? International Primatological Society (IPS) XXII Congress,. Edinburgh International Convention Centre, Scotland
Social monitoring by reputation: how to compare humans and animals in an evolutionary framework?
Russell, Y. 2010. Social monitoring by reputation: how to compare humans and animals in an evolutionary framework? Primate Society of Great Britain (PSGB) spring meeting. University of Abertay, Dundee, Scotland,
Semantic network analysis of religious pamphlets
Russell, Y., Murzac, A., Gobet, F. and Whitehouse, H. 2010. Semantic network analysis of religious pamphlets. Final EXREL Project Conference held in concert with Religion: A Human Phenomenon. XXth World Congress of the International Association of the History of Religions (IAHR). Toronto, Canada 15 - 21 Aug 2010
An ‘indirect reputation’ experiment in four great ape species
Russell, Y., Call, J. and Dunbar, R. 2005. An ‘indirect reputation’ experiment in four great ape species. 1st Congress of the European Federation for Primatology (EFP). Göttingen, Germany
The effects of mood on game learning and analogical transfer in a disguised Tower of Hanoi task
Russell, Y., Gobet, F. and Whitehouse, H. 2009. The effects of mood on game learning and analogical transfer in a disguised Tower of Hanoi task. Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation (CEM 09) International Congress.. Yasmine Hammamet, Tunisia
Recall of ‘counterintuitive’ concepts: the effect of pre-training, presentation, and normality of concepts
Russell, Y., Gobet, F. and Whitehouse, H. 2009. Recall of ‘counterintuitive’ concepts: the effect of pre-training, presentation, and normality of concepts. British Psychological Society (BPS) Cognitive Section Annual Conference. University of Hertfordshire
Developmental trajectory of understanding plants, animals, humanoids, supernatural agents, and invisibility
Russell, Y., Bjorklund, D., Gobet, F., Kiessling, F. and Whitehouse, H. 2010. Developmental trajectory of understanding plants, animals, humanoids, supernatural agents, and invisibility. Annual Convention of the Canadian Psychological Association. Winnipeg, Canada
Using fuzzy set theory to investigate polyadic grooming relationships among captive chimpanzees
Russell, Y. 2011. Using fuzzy set theory to investigate polyadic grooming relationships among captive chimpanzees. Primate Society of Great Britain Spring Meeting. University of Liverpool
Reputations and polyadic interactions among great apes
Russell, Y. 2007. Reputations and polyadic interactions among great apes. PhD thesis University of Liverpool School of Biological Sciences
Economic drivers of biological complexity
Phelps, S. and Russell, Y. 2015. Economic drivers of biological complexity. Adaptive Behavior. 23 (3), pp. 315-326. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059712315593607
Mood, expertise, analogy, and ritual: an experiment using the five-disk Tower of Hanoi
Russell, Y., Gobet, F. and Whitehouse, H. 2016. Mood, expertise, analogy, and ritual: an experiment using the five-disk Tower of Hanoi. Religion, Brain and Behavior. 6 (1), pp. 67-87. https://doi.org/10.1080/2153599X.2014.921861
Prehistoric stone tools, chess expertise, and cognitive evolution: an experiment about recognising features in flint debitage
Russell, Y. 2014. Prehistoric stone tools, chess expertise, and cognitive evolution: an experiment about recognising features in flint debitage. Theoretical Archaeology Group (TAG) Conference. University of Manchester
What is counterintuitive? Religious cognition and natural expectation
Russell, Y. and Gobet, F. 2013. What is counterintuitive? Religious cognition and natural expectation. Review of Philosophy and Psychology. 4, pp. 715-749. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13164-013-0160-5
How do you measure pleasure? A discussion about intrinsic costs and benefits in primate allogrooming
Russell, Y. and Phelps, S. 2013. How do you measure pleasure? A discussion about intrinsic costs and benefits in primate allogrooming. Biology and Philosophy. 28 (6), pp. 1005-1020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10539-013-9372-4
A rabbit’s tail: conspicuous rump patch causes predator confusion
Semmann, D., Capelle, T. and Russell, Y. 2013. A rabbit’s tail: conspicuous rump patch causes predator confusion. Behaviour 2013: International Ethological Conference.. Newcastle, UK
Sinuosity and the affect grid: a method for adjusting repeated mood scores
Russell, Y. and Gobet, F. 2012. Sinuosity and the affect grid: a method for adjusting repeated mood scores. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 114 (1), pp. 125-136. https://doi.org/10.2466/03.28.PMS.114.1.125-136
Euphoria versus dysphoria: differential cognitive roles in religion?
Russell, Y., Dunbar, R. and Gobet, F. 2011. Euphoria versus dysphoria: differential cognitive roles in religion? in: Masmoudi, S., Dai, D. and Naceur, A. (ed.) Attention, Representation, and Human Performance: Integration of Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation Psychology Press. pp. 147-165
Prehistoric stone tools, chess expertise, and cognitive evolution: an experiment about recognizing features in flint debitage
Russell, Y. 2011. Prehistoric stone tools, chess expertise, and cognitive evolution: an experiment about recognizing features in flint debitage. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology. 9 (3), pp. 249-269. https://doi.org/10.1556/JEP.9.2011.3.3
Third-party grooming in a captive chimpanzee group
Russell, Y. 2010. Third-party grooming in a captive chimpanzee group. Primates. 51 (1), pp. 79-82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-009-0158-x
Image scoring in great apes
Russell, Y., Call, J. and Dunbar, R. 2008. Image scoring in great apes. Behavioural Processes. 78 (1), pp. 108-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2007.10.009