Tourism, migration, and the exodus to virtual worlds: place attachment in massively multiplayer online gamers

Article


Coulson, M., Oskis, A., Spencer, R. and Gould, R. 2020. Tourism, migration, and the exodus to virtual worlds: place attachment in massively multiplayer online gamers. Psychology of Popular Media. 9 (4), pp. 525-532. https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000244
TypeArticle
TitleTourism, migration, and the exodus to virtual worlds: place attachment in massively multiplayer online gamers
AuthorsCoulson, M., Oskis, A., Spencer, R. and Gould, R.
Abstract

Place attachment to both physical and virtual places was investigated in an online survey of massively multiplayer online gamers. Participants (N=740) completed a place attachment inventory once for the place in the physical world which they considered home, and once for a place in a virtual world they felt attached to. In addition, measures of personality, gaming motivation, life satisfaction, attachment style, and identification with online avatars were taken. Results suggested that place identity, place uniqueness, and place social bonding were higher for physical places than for virtual places, but that place affect was higher for virtual places. A small number of participants (N=55, 7%) identified virtual ‘homes’, which participants felt were more special and which they identified more strongly with than other virtual places, and that were as unique and associated with an equal sense of belonging to physical homes. Results are interpreted through the lens of migration theory, and recommendations made for future research into digital domiciles and migration.

LanguageEnglish
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
JournalPsychology of Popular Media
ISSN2689-6567
Electronic2689-6575
Publication dates
Online06 Jun 2019
Print01 Oct 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited19 Jul 2019
Accepted17 Apr 2019
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

© American Psychological Association, 2019. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000244

Additional information

OSF link for this MS is: osf.io/vh2d7/.
The data are available at https://osf.io/vh2d7/
The experiment materials are available at https://osf.io/vh2d7/

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000244
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