The effectiveness of individual and group canine assisted interventions in improving mental health in higher education students

Article


Manville, K., Coulson, M. and Reynolds, G. 2024. The effectiveness of individual and group canine assisted interventions in improving mental health in higher education students. People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice. 7 (1).
TypeArticle
TitleThe effectiveness of individual and group canine assisted interventions in improving mental health in higher education students
AuthorsManville, K., Coulson, M. and Reynolds, G.
Abstract

The main aim of this study was to identify whether the social environment of canine assisted intervention (CAI) influenced the beneficial effects on Higher Education (HE) student mental health. A second aim explored whether attachment style predicted the effect of being part of a CAI group. Sixty seven participants interacted with a canine for two minutes, either individually, as part of a pair, or as a trio. Anxiety, stress, depression, and well-being were measured pre- and post-intervention, alongside attachment style. The results found no difference in the effectiveness of CAI when taking part individually, in pairs, or in a trio, meaning the social environment of CAI had no impact of the beneficial effects of CAI. Additionally, attachment style had no impact on the effectiveness of CAI when taking part in a trio. However, when taking part individually, a proximity seeking style predicted post-depression, and in pairs, an insecure mistrust attachment style predicted post-cheerfulness and feeling loved, and both insecure mistrust, and proximity seeking styles predicted post confidence and relaxation. Overall, this study used a CAI group environment to explore the differences between taking part in CAI individually, in a pair, or as a trio in HE students, and demonstrated the social environment of CAI had no impact on its effectiveness in reducing anxiety, stress, and depression levels, or increasing well-being in the treatment group.

Sustainable Development Goals3 Good health and well-being
Middlesex University ThemeHealth & Wellbeing
PublisherInternational Association of Human-Animal Interaction Organizations
Purdue University
JournalPeople and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice
ISSN2575-9078
Publication dates
Print27 Jun 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Jan 2024
Deposited25 Jan 2024
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Open
Web address (URL)https://docs.lib.purdue.edu/paij/vol7/iss1/11
LanguageEnglish
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