Cuidado y protección de menores contra el abuso sexual on line

Article


Martellozzo, E. 2009. Cuidado y protección de menores contra el abuso sexual on line. Cuadernos de Seguridad. 11, pp. 151-181.
TypeArticle
TitleCuidado y protección de menores contra el abuso sexual on line
AuthorsMartellozzo, E.
Abstract

El abuso sexual on line de menores es un problema de personas y no de tecnología. Los que hacen peligrar a los menores son las personas y no las computadoras. Tal como lo sostiene Jones (2003), “el tema más importante que concierne al ‘abuso de menores e Internet’ es la protección de los menores” (Jones 2003:41). De este modo las autoridades competentes, en última instancia, intentan aplicar soluciones utilizando métodos de custodia sumados a la tecnología informática. Sin embargo, la relación entre la policía y la tecnología existe desde hace mucho tiempo y es compleja. “Por un lado la policía fue creada para encargarse de desordenes sociales causados por las tecnologías de la revolución industrial. Y por otro, su naturaleza receptiva y localizada siempre implicó que se sientan retrasados en su acceso a, y uso de, tecnología” (Wall 2007:190). El objetivo de este artículo es examinar los desafíos que los organismos oficiales como la policía, los educadores y los sectores humanitarios enfrentan al promover e implementar la protección frente al abuso sexual de menores on line (ASMO). La primera parte de este artículo busca identificar y evaluar cómo el gobierno y la policía han respondido a un problema de crecimiento exponencial como es la producción y distribución de imágenes indecentes de menores y el problema de la captación o seducción on line. De esta manera, provee una visión general histórica de cómo el ASM on line se desarrolló, concentrándose en algunos operativos policiales especialmente relevantes como la Operación Catedral1 y la Operación Ore2. La segunda parte analiza el problema de la captación-seducción de menores on line con el propósito de cometer abuso sexual y las medidas implementadas para combatir esta solicitud. La sección final está centrada en las medidas educativas e informativas que han creado organismos oficiales y el sector humanitario para informar y educar a niños, padres y al público acerca del ASM on line. Hay lagunas importantes en la investigación existente, particularmente acerca del tema de cómo la policía en el Reino Unido y otros organismos se involucraron en la lucha contra el delito cibernético y la pregunta acerca de cómo ciertas operaciones como Operación Ore fueron tan criticadas y consideradas un fracaso. = Sexual abuse of children online is a people problem, not technology. Those who endanger minors are people, not computers. The aim of this paper is to examine the challenges faced by government agencies such as police, educators and humanitarian sectors in promoting and implementing protection against sexual abuse of children online. The first part of this article seeks to identify and evaluate how the government and police have responded to an exponential growth problem in the production and distribution of indecent images of children and the problem of grooming or luring online. It provides a historical overview of how the government and police response was developed, focusing on some particularly relevant police operations such as Operation Cathedral and Operation Ore. The second part analyzes the problem of the grooming of children online with the intent to commit sexual abuse and the measures implemented to combat this application. The final section focuses on educational and informative measures that agencies and the humanitarian sector have created to inform and educate children, parents and the public about the online threat and the government and police response. There are significant gaps in existing research, particularly on the issue of how police in the UK and other agencies are involved in combating cybercrime and the question of how certain operations such as Operation Ore were criticized and considered a failure.

Research GroupCentre for Abuse and Trauma Studies (CATS)
LanguageEnglish
PublisherConsejo de Seguridad Interior, Ministerio de Justicia, Seguridad y Derechos Humanos, Argentina
JournalCuadernos de Seguridad
ISSN1852-9895
Publication dates
PrintDec 2009
Publication process dates
Deposited22 May 2012
Output statusPublished
Additional information

Article is in Spanish.

Web address (URL)http://www.cuadernos-seguridad.gov.ar/ediciones/11_martellozzo.pdf
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