Comparative analysis of risks for political independence of public service media across 19 European Union member states

Working paper


Simunjak, M. 2016. Comparative analysis of risks for political independence of public service media across 19 European Union member states. Italy European University Institute.
TypeWorking paper
TitleComparative analysis of risks for political independence of public service media across 19 European Union member states
AuthorsSimunjak, M.
Abstract

This paper examines risks for political independence of public service media in European Union Member States by examining safeguards for guaranteeing independence of public service media’s governance and its funding mechanisms. The analysis was conducted in 19 EU countries through a questionnaire-based method. Local experts from each of the examined countries evaluated media policy on the appointment procedures for management and board functions in the PSM, and mechanisms of providing funding to the PSM by the government. In addition to examining media policy related to these issues, local teams also evaluated the extent to which these are implemented. The results show that in five out of 19 analysed countries local experts have described media policy as insufficient in providing fair, objective and transparent appointment procedures for management and board functions in PSM. Furthermore, more than half of the countries which considered national media policy on appointment procedures to be well defined in safeguarding PSM’s independence, declared some degree of risk in the implementation of this policy, pointing to situations in which the government or other political groupings have in the past few years tried to interfere with the appointment processes. Also, results show that there are large differences in the mechanisms of PSM funding. Overall, results point to differences in media policies concerned with PSM’s governance and funding among EU countries, with many risks associated with these policies and their implementation.

KeywordsComparative analysis; Public service media; European Union; Political independence; Risk
LanguageEnglish
ISSN1028-3625
PublisherEuropean University Institute
Place of publicationItaly
Publication dates
Print18 Jul 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited19 Jul 2016
Accepted24 May 2016
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
Additional information

Series/Report no.: EUI RSCAS; 2016/34; Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF)

Web address (URL)http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/42526
Department nameRobert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS), Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/86815

Download files


Publisher's version
  • 20
    total views
  • 1
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Developing psychological capital to support journalists’ well-being
Simunjak, M. 2023. Developing psychological capital to support journalists’ well-being. in: Bélair-Gagnon, V., Holton, A., Deuze, M. and Mellado, C. (ed.) Happiness in Journalism Taylor & Francis (Routledge).
Teaching emotional intelligence for enhancing resilience in journalism
Simunjak, M. 2023. Teaching emotional intelligence for enhancing resilience in journalism. Journalism & Mass Communication Educator. 78 (2), pp. 127-141. https://doi.org/10.1177/10776958231165103
Managing emotions in journalism: A guide to enhancing resilience
Simunjak, M. 2023. Managing emotions in journalism: A guide to enhancing resilience. Cham, Switzerland Palgrave Macmillan.
“You have to do that for your own sanity”: Digital disconnection as journalists’ coping and preventive strategy in managing work and well-being
Simunjak, M. 2023. “You have to do that for your own sanity”: Digital disconnection as journalists’ coping and preventive strategy in managing work and well-being. Digital Journalism. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2022.2153711
Me, myself and I: selfies as vehicles of personalised politics in social media era
Simunjak, M. 2023. Me, myself and I: selfies as vehicles of personalised politics in social media era. in: Lilleker, D. and Veneti, A. (ed.) Research Handbook on Visual Politics Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 153–166
Twiplomacy
Simunjak, M. 2022. Twiplomacy. in: Ceron, A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Technology and Politics Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 327-331
Tweeting Brexit: social media and the aftermath of the EU referendum
Simunjak, M. 2022. Tweeting Brexit: social media and the aftermath of the EU referendum. London Routledge.
Workplace well-being and support systems in journalism: comparative analysis of Germany and the United Kingdom
Simunjak, M. and Menke, M. 2022. Workplace well-being and support systems in journalism: comparative analysis of Germany and the United Kingdom. Journalism. 24 (11), pp. 2474-2492. https://doi.org/10.1177/14648849221115205
Pride and anxiety: British journalists’ emotional labour in the Covid-19 pandemic
Simunjak, M. 2022. Pride and anxiety: British journalists’ emotional labour in the Covid-19 pandemic. Journalism Studies. 23 (3), pp. 320-337. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2021.2021106
Framing #Brexit on Twitter: the EU 27’s lesson in message discipline?
Simunjak, M. and Caliandro, A. 2020. Framing #Brexit on Twitter: the EU 27’s lesson in message discipline? The British Journal of Politics & International Relations. 22 (3), pp. 439-459. https://doi.org/10.1177/1369148120923583
Political leaders, media and authoritarianism in Croatia: the media strikes back?
Simunjak, M. 2020. Political leaders, media and authoritarianism in Croatia: the media strikes back? East European Politics. 36 (1), pp. 66-85. https://doi.org/10.1080/21599165.2019.1684267
National report: Croatia
Simunjak, M., Nenadić, I. and Žuvela, L. 2019. National report: Croatia. Brussels European Parliament. https://doi.org/10.2861/167439
Twiplomacy in the age of Donald Trump: Is the diplomatic code changing?
Simunjak, M. and Caliandro, A. 2019. Twiplomacy in the age of Donald Trump: Is the diplomatic code changing? The Information Society: An International Journal. 35 (1), pp. 13-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/01972243.2018.1542646
From a leader-centred to a party-centred system? The curious case of media (de-)personalisation in Yugoslavia and Croatia, 1945–2015
Simunjak, M. 2018. From a leader-centred to a party-centred system? The curious case of media (de-)personalisation in Yugoslavia and Croatia, 1945–2015. Europe-Asia Studies. 70 (9), pp. 1496-1514. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668136.2018.1533915
Monitoring media pluralism in Europe: testing and implementation of the media pluralism monitor 2015: policy report
Brogi, E., Ginsborg, L., Ostling, A., Parcu, P. and Simunjak, M. 2016. Monitoring media pluralism in Europe: testing and implementation of the media pluralism monitor 2015: policy report. European University Institute. https://doi.org/10.2870/374068
Media pluralism in Malta: a test implementation of the media pluralism monitor 2015
Simunjak, M. 2016. Media pluralism in Malta: a test implementation of the media pluralism monitor 2015. European University Institute. https://doi.org/10.2870/374068
Copyright and music policy in China: a literature review
Street, J., Zhang, L., Simunjak, M. and Wang, Q. 2015. Copyright and music policy in China: a literature review. CREATe. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.29125
Reaching, engaging and bonding with voters on social media: the case of 2014/2015 Croatian presidential elections
Sinčić Ćorić, D., Brečić, R. and Simunjak, M. 2017. Reaching, engaging and bonding with voters on social media: the case of 2014/2015 Croatian presidential elections. Medijske studije / Media Studies. 8 (16), pp. 61-77. https://doi.org/10.20901/ms.8.16.5
Political impression management through direct and mediated communication: The 2014/2015 Croatian presidential elections
Simunjak, M., Sinčić Ćorić, D. and Brečić, R. 2017. Political impression management through direct and mediated communication: The 2014/2015 Croatian presidential elections. Društvena istraživanja: časopis za opća društvena pitanja. 26 (4), pp. 539-560. https://doi.org/10.5559/di.26.4.05
(De-)personalization of mediated political communication: comparative analysis of Yugoslavia, Croatia and the UK from 1945 to 2015
Simunjak, M. 2017. (De-)personalization of mediated political communication: comparative analysis of Yugoslavia, Croatia and the UK from 1945 to 2015. European Journal of Communication. 32 (5), pp. 473-489. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323117725972
The first time for everything: political advertising in a new member state
Simunjak, M. and Milanović, L. 2017. The first time for everything: political advertising in a new member state. in: Holtz-Bacha, C., Novelli, E. and Rafter, K. (ed.) Political Advertising in the 2014 European Parliament Elections Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 153-168
Media portrayals: from leadership cults to celebrity politicians
Simunjak, M. and Street, J. 2016. Media portrayals: from leadership cults to celebrity politicians. in: Storey, J., Hartley, J., Denis, J., Hart, P. and Ulrich, D. (ed.) The Routledge Companion to Leadership Oxon Routledge. pp. 450-464
Monitoring political independence of public service media: comparative analysis across 19 European Union member states
Simunjak, M. 2016. Monitoring political independence of public service media: comparative analysis across 19 European Union member states. Journal of Media Business Studies. 13 (3), pp. 153-169. https://doi.org/10.1080/16522354.2016.1227529