Pied tamarins change their vocal behavior in response to noise levels in the largest city in the Amazon

Article


Sobroza, T.V., Gordo, M., Dunn, J.C., Pequeno, P.A.C.L., Naissinger, B.M. and Barnett, A 2024. Pied tamarins change their vocal behavior in response to noise levels in the largest city in the Amazon. American Journal of Primatology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.23606
TypeArticle
TitlePied tamarins change their vocal behavior in response to noise levels in the largest city in the Amazon
AuthorsSobroza, T.V., Gordo, M., Dunn, J.C., Pequeno, P.A.C.L., Naissinger, B.M. and Barnett, A
Abstract

Many animal species depend on sound to communicate with conspecifics. However, human‐generated (anthropogenic) noise may mask acoustic signals and so disrupt behavior. Animals may use various strategies to circumvent this, including shifts in the timing of vocal activity and changes to the acoustic parameters of their calls. We tested whether pied tamarins (Saguinus bicolor) adjust their vocal behavior in response to city noise. We predicted that both the probability of occurrence and the number of long calls would increase in response to anthropogenic noise and that pied tamarins would temporally shift their vocal activity to avoid noisier periods. At a finer scale, we anticipated that the temporal parameters of tamarin calls (e.g., call duration and syllable repetition rate) would increase with noise amplitude. We collected information on the acoustic environment and the emission of long calls in nine wild pied tamarin groups in Manaus, Brazil. We found that the probability of long‐call occurrence increased with higher levels of anthropogenic noise, though the number of long calls did not. The number of long calls was related to the time of day and the distance from home range borders—a proxy for the distance to neighboring groups. Neither long‐call occurrence nor call rate was related to noise levels at different times of day. We found that pied tamarins decreased their syllable repetition rate in response to anthropogenic noise. Long calls are important for group cohesion and intergroup communication. Thus, it is possible that the tamarins emit one long call with lower syllable repetition, which might facilitate signal reception. The occurrence and quantity of pied tamarin' long calls, as well as their acoustic proprieties, seem to be governed by anthropogenic noise, time of the day, and social mechanisms such as proximity to neighboring groups.

KeywordsAmazon; primates; Saguinus bicolor; sound pollution; soundscape; urban ecology; Animal Science and Zoology; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Sustainable Development Goals15 Life on land
Middlesex University ThemeSustainability
Research GroupBehavioural Biology group
LanguageEnglish
PublisherWiley
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
ISSN0275-2565
Electronic1098-2345
Publication dates
Online10 Feb 2024
Publication process dates
Submitted24 Nov 2023
Accepted27 Jan 2024
Deposited19 Feb 2024
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Open
Copyright Statement

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sobroza, T. V., Gordo, M., Dunn, J. C., Pequeno, P. A. C. L., Naissinger, B. M., & Barnett, A. P. A. (2024). Pied tamarins change their vocal behavior in response to noise levels in the largest city in the Amazon. American Journal of Primatology, e23606., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.23606. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.23606
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