Beans with bugs: Covert carnivory and infested seed selection by the red-nosed cuxiú monkey

Article


Barnett, A., dos Santos-Barnett, T., Muir, J., Tománek, P., Gregory, T., Matte, A., Bezerra, B., de Oliveira, T., Norconk, M. and Boyle, S. 2023. Beans with bugs: Covert carnivory and infested seed selection by the red-nosed cuxiú monkey. Biotropica. 55 (3), pp. 579-593. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.13207
TypeArticle
TitleBeans with bugs: Covert carnivory and infested seed selection by the red-nosed cuxiú monkey
AuthorsBarnett, A., dos Santos-Barnett, T., Muir, J., Tománek, P., Gregory, T., Matte, A., Bezerra, B., de Oliveira, T., Norconk, M. and Boyle, S.
Abstract

Members of the Neotropical primate genus Chiropotes eat large volumes of immature seeds. However, such items are often low in available proteins, and digestion of seeds is further inhibited by tannins. This suggests that overall plant-derived protein intake is relatively low. We examined the presence of insect larvae in partially eaten fruits, compared with intact fruit on trees, and examined fecal pellets for the presence of larvae. We found that red-nosed cuxiú (Chiropotes albinasus) individuals may supplement their limited seed-derived protein intake by ingesting seed-inhabiting insects. Comparison of fruits partially eaten for their seeds with those sampled directly from trees showed that fruits with insect-containing seeds were positively selected in 20 of the 41 C. albinasus diet items tested, suggesting that fruits with infested seeds are actively selected by foraging animals. We found no differences in accessibility to seeds, that is, no differences in husk penetrability between fruits with infested and uninfested seeds excluding the likelihood that insect-infestation results in easier access to the seeds in such fruits. Additionally, none of the C. albinasus fecal samples showed any evidence of living pupae or larvae, indicating that infesting larvae are digested. Our findings raise the possibility that these seed-predating primates might provide net benefits to the plant species they feed on, since they feed from many species of plants and their actions may reduce the populations of seed-infesting insects.

Keywordsbearded saki; pitheciid; protein; seed predation; tannin
Sustainable Development Goals15 Life on land
Middlesex University ThemeSustainability
Research GroupBehavioural Biology group
LanguageEnglish
PublisherWiley
JournalBiotropica
ISSN0006-3606
Electronic1744-7429
Publication dates
Online10 Apr 2023
Print08 May 2023
Publication process dates
Submitted21 Jan 2022
Accepted07 Dec 2022
Deposited13 Feb 2024
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Copyright Statement

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. © 2023 The Authors.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.13207
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/zvyq7

  • 16
    total views
  • 4
    total downloads
  • 5
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Eat the fruit earlier: Sakis (Pithecia chrysocephala) show enhanced temporal fruit resource access compared with squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) in an urban forest fragment in Brazil
Take, M., Yumoto, T., Barnett, A., Onizawa, K. and Spironello, W. 2024. Eat the fruit earlier: Sakis (Pithecia chrysocephala) show enhanced temporal fruit resource access compared with squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) in an urban forest fragment in Brazil. American Journal of Primatology. 86 (2), pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.23575
Pied tamarins change their vocal behavior in response to noise levels in the largest city in the Amazon
Sobroza, T.V., Gordo, M., Dunn, J.C., Pequeno, P.A.C.L., Naissinger, B.M. and Barnett, A 2024. Pied tamarins change their vocal behavior in response to noise levels in the largest city in the Amazon. American Journal of Primatology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.23606
When partitioning is not an option: Resource availability predicts intraguild interactions in two isolated Amazonian primate assemblages
Cavalcante, T., Mourthé, Í., Barnett, A. and Bicca-Marques, J. 2023. When partitioning is not an option: Resource availability predicts intraguild interactions in two isolated Amazonian primate assemblages. Biotropica. 55 (4), pp. 839-848. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.13233
When food fights back: Cebid primate strategies of larval paper wasp predation and the high‐energy yield of high‐risk foraging.
Barnett, A., Stone, A., Shaw, P., Ronchi-Teles, B., dos Santos-Barnett, T., Pimenta, N., Kinap, N., Spironello, W., Bitencourt, A., Penhorwood, G., Umeed, R., de Oliveira, T., Bezerra, B., Boyle, S., Ross, C. and Wenzel, J. 2023. When food fights back: Cebid primate strategies of larval paper wasp predation and the high‐energy yield of high‐risk foraging. Austral Ecology: A Journal of Ecology in the Southern Hemisphere. 48 (4), pp. 719-742. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.13287
A life in fragments: the ecology, behavior, and conservation of the recently described Parecis Plateau titi monkey (Plecturocebus parecis)
Mattos, F., de Alencar, T., Boyle, S., Fleck, G., Koolen, H., Pohlit, A., Silva-Diogo, O., Gusmão, A. and Barnett, A. 2023. A life in fragments: the ecology, behavior, and conservation of the recently described Parecis Plateau titi monkey (Plecturocebus parecis). International Journal of Primatology. 45, pp. 176-202. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10764-023-00370-x
Do pied tamarins increase scent-marking in response to urban noise?
Sobroza, T., Dunn, J., Gordo, M. and Barnett, A. 2023. Do pied tamarins increase scent-marking in response to urban noise? Ethology Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1080/03949370.2023.2248591
Knowledge shortfalls for titi monkey: A poorly known clade of small-bodied South American primates
Souza-Alves, J., Boyle, S. and Barnett, A. 2023. Knowledge shortfalls for titi monkey: A poorly known clade of small-bodied South American primates. Biological Conservation. 286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2023.110256
Records of Crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous Linnaeus, 1766, Carnivora, Canidae) in Rondônia, Brazil: range extension, threats and conservation
Ferreira, D., Oliveira, M., Goebel, L., Andriolo, A., Pommer-Barbosa, R., Mattos, F. and Barnett, A. 2023. Records of Crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous Linnaeus, 1766, Carnivora, Canidae) in Rondônia, Brazil: range extension, threats and conservation. Mammalia. 87 (6), pp. 577-582. https://doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2023-0011
Searching for food in a concrete jungle: feeding ecology of a Psittacine assemblage (Aves, Psittacidae) in a major Amazonian city
Soares, C., Barnett, A., Scudeller, V. and Borges, S. 2023. Searching for food in a concrete jungle: feeding ecology of a Psittacine assemblage (Aves, Psittacidae) in a major Amazonian city. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. 95 (3). https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202320220606
AMAZONIA CAMTRAP: A dataset of mammal, bird, and reptile species recorded with camera traps in the Amazon forest
Antunes, A., Montanarin, A., Gräbin, D., Monteiro, E., de Pinho, F., Alvarenga, G., Ahumada, J., Wallace, R., Ramalho, E., Barnett, A., Bager, A., Lopes, A., Keuroghlian, A., Giroux, A., Herrera, A., Correa, A., Meiga, A., Jácomo, A., Barban, A., Antunes, A., Coelho, A., Camilo, A., Nunes, A., Gomes, A., Zanzini, A., Castro, A., Desbiez, A., Figueiredo, A., de Thoisy, B., Gauzens, B., Oliveira, D., de Lima, C., Peres, C., Durigan, C., Brocardo, C., da Rosa, C., Zárate-Castañeda, C., Monteza-Moreno, C., Carnicer, C., Trinca, C., Polli, D., Ferraz, D., Lane, D., da Rocha, D., Barcelos, D., Auz, D., Rosa, D., Silva, D., Silvério, D., Eaton, D., Nakano-Oliveira, E., Venticinque, E., Junior, E., Mendonça, E., Vieira, E., Isasi-Catalá, E., Fischer, E., Castro, E., Oliveira, E., de Melo, F., Muniz, F., Rohe, F., Baccaro, F., Michalski, F., Paim, F., Santos, F., Anaguano, F., Palmeira, F., Reis, F., Aguiar-Silva, F., Batista, G., Zapata-Ríos, G., Forero-Medina, G., Neto, G., Alves, G., Ayala, G., Pedersoli, G., Bizri, H., do Prado, H., Mozerle, H., Costa, H., Lima, I., Palacios, J., Assis, J., Boubli, J., Metzger, J., Teixeira, J., Miranda, J., Polisar, J., Salvador, J., Borges-Almeida, K., Didier, K., Pereira, K., Torralvo, K., Gajapersad, K., Silveira, L., Maioli, L., Maracahipes-Santos, L., Valenzuela, L., Benavalli, L., Fletcher, L., Paolucci, L., Zanzini, L., da Silva, L., Rodrigues, L., Benchimol, M., Oliveira, M., Lima, M., da Silva, M., Junior, M., Viscarra, M., Cohn-Haft, M., Abrahams, M., Benedetti, M., Marmontel, M., Hirt, M., Tôrres, N., Junior, O., Alvarez-Loayza, P., Jansen, P., Prist, P., Brando, P., Perônico, P., Leite, R., Rabelo, R., Sollmann, R., Beltrão-Mendes, R., Ferreira, R., Coutinho, R., Oliveira, R., Ilha, R., Hilário, R., Pires, R., Sampaio, R., Moreira, R., Botero-Arias, R., Martinez, R., Nóbrega, R., Fadini, R., Morato, R., Carneiro, R., Almeida, R., Ramos, R., Schaub, R., Dornas, R., Cueva, R., Rolim, S., Laurindo, S., Espinosa, S., Fernandes, T., Sanaiotti, T., Alvim, T., Dornas, T., Piña, T., Andrade, V., Santiago, W., Magnusson, W., Campos, Z. and Ribeiro, M. 2022. AMAZONIA CAMTRAP: A dataset of mammal, bird, and reptile species recorded with camera traps in the Amazon forest. Ecology. 103 (9). https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3738
Combining geospatial abundance and ecological niche models to identify high-priority areas for conservation: The neglected role of broadscale interspecific competition
Cavalcante, T., Weber, M.M. and Barnett, A. 2022. Combining geospatial abundance and ecological niche models to identify high-priority areas for conservation: The neglected role of broadscale interspecific competition. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution . 10, pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2022.915325
Pulp Fiction: why some populations of ripe-fruit specialists Ateles chamek and A. marginatus prefer insect-infested foods
dos Santos-Barnett, T., Cavalcante, T., Boyle, S., Matte, A., Bezerra, B., de Oliveira, T. and Barnett, A. 2022. Pulp Fiction: why some populations of ripe-fruit specialists Ateles chamek and A. marginatus prefer insect-infested foods. International Journal of Primatology. 43 (3), pp. 384-408. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10764-022-00284-0
Biotic indicators for ecological state change in Amazonian floodplains
Correa, S.B., van der Sleen, P., Siddiqui, S.F., Bogotá-Gregory, J.D., Arantes, C.C., Barnett, A., Couto, T.B.A., Goulding, M. and Anderson, E.P. 2022. Biotic indicators for ecological state change in Amazonian floodplains. BioScience. 72 (8), pp. 753-768. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biac038
Factors influencing terrestriality in primates of the Americas and Madagascar
Eppley, T.M., Hoeks, S., Chapman, C.A., Ganzhorn, J.U., Hall, K., Owen, M.A., Adams, D.B., Allgas, N., Amato, K.R., Andriamahaihavana, M., Aristizabal, J.F., Baden, A.L., Balestri, M., Barnett, A., Bicca-Marques, J.C., Bowler, M., Boyle, S.A., Brown, M., Caillaud, D., Calegaro-Marques, C., Campbell, C.J., Campera, M., Campos, F. A., Cardoso, T.S., Carretero-Pinzón, X., Champion, J., Chaves, Ó.M., Chen-Kraus, C., Colquhoun, I.C., Dean, B., Dubrueil, C., Ellis, K.M., Erhart, E.M., Evans, K.J.E., Fedigan, L.M., Felton, A.M., Ferreira, R.G., Fichtel, C., Fonseca, M.L., Fontes, I.P., Fortes, V.B., Fumian, I., Gibson, D., Guzzo, G.B., Hartwell, K.S., Heymann, E.W., Hilário, R.R., Holmes, S.M., Irwin, M.T., Johnson, S.E., Kappeler, P.M., Kelley, E.A., King, T., Knogge, C., Koch, F., Kowalewski, M.M., Lange, L.R., Lauterbur, M.E., Louis, E.E., Lutz, M.C, Martínez, J., Melin, A.D., de Melo, F.R., Mihaminekena, T.H., Mogilewsky, M.S., Moreira, L.S., Moura, L.A., Muhle, C.B., Nagy-Reis, M.B., Norconk, M.A., Notman, H., O’Mara, M. T., Ostner, J., Patel, E.R., Pavelka, M.S.M., Pinacho-Guendulain, B., Porter, L.M., Pozo-Montuy, G., Raboy, B.E., Rahalinarivo, V., Raharinoro, N.A., Rakotomalala, Z., Ramos-Fernández, G., Rasamisoa, D.C., Ratsimbazafy, J., Ravaloharimanitra, M., Razafindramanana, J., Razanaparany, T.P., Righini, N., Robson, N.M., Gonçalves, J.R., Sanamo, J., Santacruz, N., Sato, H., Sauther, M.L., Scarry, C.J., Serio-Silva, J.C., Shanee, S., Lins, P., Smith, A.C., Smith Aguilar, S.E., Souza-Alves, J.P., Stavis, V.K., Steffens, K.J.E., Stone, A.I., Strier, K.B., Suarez, S.A., Talebi, M., Tecot, S.R., Tujague, M.P., Valenta, K., Van Belle, S., Vasey, N., Wallace, R.B., Welch, G., Wright, P. C., Donati, G. and Santini, L. 2022. Factors influencing terrestriality in primates of the Americas and Madagascar. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 119 (42), pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2121105119