Mental illness stigma in Bangladesh: Findings from a cross-sectional survey

Article


Faruk, M., Khan, A., Chowdhury, K., Jahan, S., Sarker, D., Colucci, E. and Hasan, M. 2023. Mental illness stigma in Bangladesh: Findings from a cross-sectional survey. Cambridge Prisms: Global Mental Health. 10. https://doi.org/10.1017/gmh.2023.56
TypeArticle
TitleMental illness stigma in Bangladesh: Findings from a cross-sectional survey
AuthorsFaruk, M., Khan, A., Chowdhury, K., Jahan, S., Sarker, D., Colucci, E. and Hasan, M.
Abstract

Background
Mental illness stigma is universally prevalent and a significant barrier to achieving global mental health goals. Mental illness stigma in Bangladesh has gained little attention despite its widespread impact on seeking mental health care in rural and urban areas. This study aimed to investigate mental illness stigma and the associated factors in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh.

Methods
The study areas were divided into several clusters from which 325 participants (≥18 years) were recruited with systematic random sampling. The Bangla version of the Days’ Mental Illness Stigma Scale was used to collect data. Independent-samples t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression were performed.

Results
Results suggest that gender, age, geographical location, socioeconomic status, and occupation significantly differed across subscales of stigma. Age, gender, seeking treatment of mental illness, having knowledge on mental health, and socioeconomic status were predictive factors of mental illness stigma. The results also showed a high treatment gap in both rural and urban areas.

Conclusion
This study supports that mental illness stigma is prevalent in Bangladesh, requiring coordinated efforts. Results can inform the development of contextually tailored mental health strategies to reduce stigma and contribute to the promotion of mental health of individuals and communities across Bangladesh.

Keywordsstigma; mental health; rural; urban; Bangladesh
Sustainable Development Goals3 Good health and well-being
Middlesex University ThemeHealth & Wellbeing
PublisherCambridge University Press
JournalCambridge Prisms: Global Mental Health
ISSN
Electronic2054-4251
Publication dates
Online18 Sep 2023
Publication process dates
Submitted18 Apr 2023
Accepted11 Sep 2023
Deposited20 Mar 2024
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/gmh.2023.56
Web of Science identifierWOS:001079798100001
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