Comparative genomics of the mimicry switch in Papilio dardanus

Article


Timmermans, M., Baxter, S., Clark, R., Heckel, D., Vogel, H., Collins, S., Papanicolaou, A., Fukova, I., Joron, M., Thompson, M., Jiggins, C., ffrench-Constant, R. and Vogler, A. 2014. Comparative genomics of the mimicry switch in Papilio dardanus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 281 (1787), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.0465
TypeArticle
TitleComparative genomics of the mimicry switch in Papilio dardanus
AuthorsTimmermans, M., Baxter, S., Clark, R., Heckel, D., Vogel, H., Collins, S., Papanicolaou, A., Fukova, I., Joron, M., Thompson, M., Jiggins, C., ffrench-Constant, R. and Vogler, A.
Abstract

The African Mocker Swallowtail, Papilio dardanus, is a textbook example in evolutionary genetics. Classical breeding experiments have shown that wing pattern variation in this polymorphic Batesian mimic is determined by the polyallelic H locus that controls a set of distinct mimetic phenotypes. Using bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) sequencing, recombination analyses and comparative genomics, we show that H co-segregates with an interval of less than 500 kb that is collinear with two other Lepidoptera genomes and contains 24 genes, including the transcription factor genes engrailed (en) and invected (inv). H is located in a region of conserved gene order, which argues against any role for genomic translocations in the evolution of a hypothesized multi-gene mimicry locus. Natural populations of P. dardanus show significant associations of specific morphs with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), centred on en. In addition, SNP variation in the H region reveals evidence of non-neutral molecular evolution in the en gene alone. We find evidence for a duplication potentially driving physical constraints on recombination in the lamborni morph. Absence of perfect linkage disequilibrium between different genes in the other morphs suggests that H is limited to nucleotide positions in the regulatory and coding regions of en. Our results therefore support the hypothesis that a single gene underlies wing pattern variation in P. dardanus.

LanguageEnglish
PublisherThe Royal Society
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
ISSN0962-8452
Electronic1471-2954
Publication dates
Online22 Jul 2014
Print22 Jul 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited01 May 2015
Submitted25 Feb 2014
Accepted14 May 2014
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
Copyright Statement

© 2014 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.0465
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