'Looking away': private writing techniques as a form of transformational text shaping in art & design and the natural sciences

Article


Thomas, P. and Armstrong, T. 2016. 'Looking away': private writing techniques as a form of transformational text shaping in art & design and the natural sciences. Journal of Academic Writing. 6 (1), pp. 59-72. https://doi.org/10.18552/joaw.v6i1.289
TypeArticle
Title'Looking away': private writing techniques as a form of transformational text shaping in art & design and the natural sciences
AuthorsThomas, P. and Armstrong, T.
Abstract

Despite their long history and wide-spread use, the private writing techniques of journaling and freewriting remain largely underexploited in the field of academic writing instruction. They are seen only as forms of pre-writing, and are criticised by some for being under-theorised, vague and asocial. Contextualizing them within a writing-as-social-practice approach, and drawing on a conceptual framework including a notion of looking-away developed by Derrida, Vygotsky’s conception of learning development, and Ivanic’s notion of writer identity, this paper aims to throw new light on these private writing techniques and argues they can be transformational in developing students’ learning and identity, as well as written and non-written outputs.
In this paper we theorise these practices through reflection on two instances of teaching in which they played an important part. The teaching interventions were in different disciplinary contexts (architectural design and Natural Sciences), with writers of different levels of expertise/competence (undergraduate and PhD), in both L1 and multilingual settings.
In both interventions, we found that these private writing techniques were transformational due to the space they allowed writers to self-reflect, and to look away from their public-facing outputs. The techniques provided significant developmental benefits and moved the students along a continuum towards a more expert-like identity.

LanguageEnglish
PublisherEuropean Association for the Teaching of Academic Writing
JournalJournal of Academic Writing
ISSN2225-8973
Publication dates
Print11 Nov 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited19 May 2016
Accepted02 Apr 2016
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.18552/joaw.v6i1.289
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/8669z

Download files


Publisher's version
  • 24
    total views
  • 3
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Humans of interiors – diversity by design
Murialdo, F., Thomas, P., Elvin, R. and McKenzie, K. 2022. Humans of interiors – diversity by design. Adil, Z. (ed.) A Focus on Pedagogy: Teaching, Learning and Research in the Modern Academy. Virtual 20 - 22 Apr 2022 Architecture Media Politics Society. pp. 173-184
Documenting through drawing during a field trip to Maurituis working with the Science and Technology Department in conjunction with Lee Durrell
Ursell, M., Eveleigh, A. and Thomas, P. 2017. Documenting through drawing during a field trip to Maurituis working with the Science and Technology Department in conjunction with Lee Durrell.
Mauritius drawing exhibition
Eveleigh, A., Ursell, M. and Thomas, P. 2017. Mauritius drawing exhibition. Middlesex University, Grove building 02 Jun 2017
Images resulting from a drawing and painting trip to Mauritius
Eveleigh, A., Ursell, M. and Thomas, P. 2017. Images resulting from a drawing and painting trip to Mauritius.
From writing spaces to a writing home: encouraging belonging through spatial design
Murialdo, F., Bonazza, R. and Thomas, P. 2019. From writing spaces to a writing home: encouraging belonging through spatial design. in: Scullica, F. and Elgani, E. (ed.) Living, Working and Travelling: New Processes of Hybridization for the Spaces of Hospitality and Work Milano, Italy Franco Angeli srl. pp. 178-186
The poster session as fusing theory and practice in art and design education: exhibiting an occluded genre
Thomas, P. and Lees-Maffei, G. 2018. The poster session as fusing theory and practice in art and design education: exhibiting an occluded genre. Journal of Writing in Creative Practice. 11 (2), pp. 233-259. https://doi.org/10.1386/jwcp.11.2.233_1
DRAFT Three
Murialdo, F., Fern, D., House, N., Bodnar, K., Bonazza, R., Evans, G., Jensen, S., King, S., Morris, L., Mundia, P., Thomas, P., Yeung, W., Church, C. and Vidal Gomez, P. 2017. DRAFT Three. London, UK Middlesex University.
'I am a magazine'
Hendon, Z. and Thomas, P. 2017. 'I am a magazine'. Beyond the Lecture Theatre: Scottish Universities Special Collections and Archives Group. University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen 26 - 27 Jan 2017
Writing spaces
Murialdo, F., Thomas, P. and Bonazza, R. 2017. Writing spaces. EATAW (European Association for the Teaching of Academic Writing) 2017. Royal Holloway, University of London in the United Kingdom 19 - 21 Jun 2017
Draft two
Murialdo, F., Fern, D., House, N., Mortimer, J., Koslowski, B., Thomas, P. and Evans, G. 2016. Draft two. InteriorsMDX.
Lost luggage
Fernandes, G., Parker, O. and Thomas, P. 2016. Lost luggage. GLAD conference 2016: Creative Pedagogies Across Disciplines. Birmingham, United Kingdom 26 Feb 2016
EAP essentials: a teacher’s guide to principles and practice [Book review]
Thomas, P. 2012. EAP essentials: a teacher’s guide to principles and practice [Book review]. Journal of English for Academic Purposes. 11 (3), pp. 277-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2011.08.002
A framework for usable pedagogy: case studies towards accessibility, criticality and visibility
Gimenez, J. and Thomas, P. 2016. A framework for usable pedagogy: case studies towards accessibility, criticality and visibility. in: Lillis, T., Harrington, K., Lea, M. and Mitchell, S. (ed.) Working with Academic Literacies: Case studies towards transformative practice Anderson, South Carolina Parlour Press. pp. 29-44
Criticality in the mediation of fashion
Dick, E., Gobin, K. and Thomas, P. 2015. Criticality in the mediation of fashion. Textual Fashion. University of Brighton, Brighton, United Kingdom 08 - 10 Jul 2015
Collaboration & dialogue in embedded academic writing and language interventions, or how Ac Lits changed my (academic) life
Thomas, P. 2015. Collaboration & dialogue in embedded academic writing and language interventions, or how Ac Lits changed my (academic) life. 8th Biennial EATAW conference 2015 (European Association for the Teaching of Academic Writing). Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia. 15 - 17 Jun 2015
“Looking away”: private writing techniques as transformational text shaping
Thomas, P. and Armstrong, T. 2015. “Looking away”: private writing techniques as transformational text shaping. 8th Biennial EATAW conference 2015 (European Association for the Teaching of Academic Writing). Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia. 15 - 17 Jun 2015
Transformation, dialogue and collaboration: developing studio-based concept writing in Art and Design through embedded interventions
Thomas, P. 2013. Transformation, dialogue and collaboration: developing studio-based concept writing in Art and Design through embedded interventions. Journal of Academic Writing. 3 (1), pp. 42-66. https://doi.org/10.18552/joaw.v3i1.95