The multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness, version 2 (MAIA-2)

Article


Mehling, W., Acree, M., Stewart, A., Silas, J. and Jones, A. 2018. The multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness, version 2 (MAIA-2). PLoS ONE. 13 (12), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208034
TypeArticle
TitleThe multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness, version 2 (MAIA-2)
AuthorsMehling, W., Acree, M., Stewart, A., Silas, J. and Jones, A.
Abstract

Interoception, the process by which the nervous system senses, interprets, and integrates signals originating from within the body, has become major research topic for mental health and in particular for mind-body interventions. Interoceptive awareness here is defined as the conscious level of interoception with its multiple dimensions potentially accessible to self-report. The Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) is an 8-scale state-trait questionnaire with 32 items to measure multiple dimensions of interoception by self-report and was published in November 2012. Its numerous applications in English and other languages revealed low internal consistency reliability for two of its scales. This study’s objective was to improve these scales and the psychometrics of the MAIA by adding three new items to each of the two scales and evaluate these in a new sample. Data were collected within a larger project that took place as part of the Live Science residency programme at the Science Museum London, UK, where visitors to the museum (N = 1,090) completed the MAIA and the six additional items. Based on exploratory factor analysis in one-half of the adult participants and Cronbach alphas, we discarded one and included five of the six additional items into a Version 2 of the MAIA and conducted confirmatory factor analysis in the other half of the participants. The 8-factor model of the resulting 37-item MAIA-2 was confirmed with appropriate fit indices (RMSEA = 0.055 [95% CI 0.052–0.058]; SRMR = 0.064) and improved internal consistency reliability. The MAIA-2 is public domain and available (www.osher.ucsf.edu/maia) for interoception research and the evaluation of clinical mind-body interventions.

LanguageEnglish
PublisherPublic Library of Science
JournalPLoS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Publication dates
Print04 Dec 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Dec 2018
Submitted29 Jun 2018
Accepted09 Nov 2018
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Copyright Statement

Copyright: © 2018 Mehling et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208034
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/8810x

Download files

  • 26
    total views
  • 7
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 2
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Spatial attention is not affected by alpha or beta transcranial alternating current stimulation: A registered report
Silas, J., Jones, A., Yarrow, K. and Anderson, W. 2023. Spatial attention is not affected by alpha or beta transcranial alternating current stimulation: A registered report. Cortex. 164, pp. 33-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2023.03.011
The many facets of inhibitory control and their role in syntactic selection
Korko, M., Coulson, M., Jones, A. and De Mornay Davies, P. 2023. The many facets of inhibitory control and their role in syntactic selection. Language and Cognition. pp. 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1017/langcog.2023.44
Bridging neuroscience and robotics: spiking neural networks in action
Jones, A., Gandhi, V., Mahiddine, A. and Huyck, C. 2023. Bridging neuroscience and robotics: spiking neural networks in action. Sensors. 23 (21), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/s23218880
Null effects of temporal prediction on recognition memory but evidence for differential neural activity at encoding. A registered report
Jones, A., Silas, J., Anderson, W. and Ward, E. 2023. Null effects of temporal prediction on recognition memory but evidence for differential neural activity at encoding. A registered report. Cortex. 169, pp. 130-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2023.09.006
Intra-active signatures in Capoeira: more-than-human pathways towards activism
Allegranti, B. and Silas, J. 2021. Intra-active signatures in Capoeira: more-than-human pathways towards activism. Emotion, Space and Society. 38, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emospa.2020.100747
Temporal expectation improves recognition memory for spatially attended objects
Jones, A., Ward, E., Csiszer, E. and Szymczak, J. 2022. Temporal expectation improves recognition memory for spatially attended objects. The Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 34 (9), p. 1616–1629. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01872
The seductive allure of technical language and its effect on covid-19 vaccine beliefs and intentions
Silas, J., Jones, A., Ayton, P. and Weiss-Cohen, L. 2021. The seductive allure of technical language and its effect on covid-19 vaccine beliefs and intentions. Vaccine. 39 (52), pp. 7590-7597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.11.027
Types of interference and their resolution in monolingual word production
Korko, M., Coulson, M., Jones, A. and De Mornay Davies, P. 2021. Types of interference and their resolution in monolingual word production. Acta Psychologica. 214, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2021.103251
Exploring the multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness in youth aged 7–17 years
Jones, A., Silas, J., Todd, J., Stewart, A., Acree, M., Coulson, M. and Mehling, W. 2021. Exploring the multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness in youth aged 7–17 years. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 77 (3), pp. 661-682. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23067
Taste function in early stage treated and untreated Parkinson’s disease
Doty, R., Nsoesie, M., Chung, I., Osman, A., Pawasarat, I., Caulfield, J., Hurtig, H., Silas, J., Dubroff, J., Duda, J., Ying, G., Tekeli, H. and Leon-Sarmiento, F. 2015. Taste function in early stage treated and untreated Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Neurology. 262 (3), pp. 547-557. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-014-7589-z
Rhythmic temporal structure at encoding enhances recognition memory
Jones, A. and Ward, E. 2019. Rhythmic temporal structure at encoding enhances recognition memory. The Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 31 (10), pp. 1549-1562. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01431
Event-related alpha desynchronization in touch - comparing attention and perception
Silas, J., Tipple, A. and Jones, A. 2019. Event-related alpha desynchronization in touch - comparing attention and perception. Neuroscience Letters. 705, pp. 131-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2019.04.058
Electrophysiological evidence for changes in attentional orienting and selection in functional somatic symptoms
Karlinski, M., Jones, A. and Forster, B. 2019. Electrophysiological evidence for changes in attentional orienting and selection in functional somatic symptoms. Clinical Neurophysiology. 130 (1), pp. 85-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2018.09.027
Influence of temporal lobe epilepsy and temporal lobe resection on olfaction
Doty, R., Tourbier, I., Neff, J., Silas, J., Turetsky, B., Moberg, P., Kim, T., Pluta, J., French, J., Sharan, A., Sperling, M., Mirza, N., Risser, A., Baltuch, G. and Detre, J. 2018. Influence of temporal lobe epilepsy and temporal lobe resection on olfaction. Journal of Neurology. 265 (7), pp. 1654-1665. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-8891-y
Frontal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) abolishes list-method directed forgetting
Silas, J. and Brandt, K. 2016. Frontal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) abolishes list-method directed forgetting. Neuroscience Letters. 616, pp. 166-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2016.01.035
Neuron-based control mechanisms for a robotic arm and hand
Singh, N., Huyck, C., Gandhi, V. and Jones, A. 2017. Neuron-based control mechanisms for a robotic arm and hand. International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering. 11 (2), pp. 221-229. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1128871
Temporal expectancies driven by self- and externally generated rhythms
Jones, A., Hsu, Y., Granjon, L. and Waszak, F. 2017. Temporal expectancies driven by self- and externally generated rhythms. NeuroImage. 156, pp. 352-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.05.042
Motor‐evoked potentials reveal a motor‐cortical readout of evidence accumulation for sensorimotor decisions
Hadar, A., Rowe, P., Di Costa, S., Jones, A. and Yarrow, K. 2016. Motor‐evoked potentials reveal a motor‐cortical readout of evidence accumulation for sensorimotor decisions. Psychophysiology. 53 (11), pp. 1721-1731. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12737
Motor-evoked potentials reveal a motor-cortical readout of evidence accumulation for sensorimotor decisions
Yarrow, K., Hadar, A., Rowe, P., Di Costa, S. and Jones, A. 2015. Motor-evoked potentials reveal a motor-cortical readout of evidence accumulation for sensorimotor decisions. VSS 2015: Vision Sciences Society 15th Annual Meeting. Florida, USA 15 - 20 May 2015 pp. 49
The attentive homunculus: ERP evidence for somatotopic allocation of attention in tactile search
Forster, B., Tziraki, M. and Jones, A. 2016. The attentive homunculus: ERP evidence for somatotopic allocation of attention in tactile search. Neuropsychologia. 84, pp. 158-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.02.009
Body in mind
Jones, A. and Forster, B. 2015. Body in mind. Frontiers in Psychology. 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00056
Independent effects of bottom-up temporal expectancy and top-down spatial attention. An audiovisual study using rhythmic cueing
Jones, A. 2015. Independent effects of bottom-up temporal expectancy and top-down spatial attention. An audiovisual study using rhythmic cueing. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. 8, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnint.2014.00096
Neural correlates of endogenous attention, exogenous attention and inhibition of return in touch
Jones, A. and Forster, B. 2014. Neural correlates of endogenous attention, exogenous attention and inhibition of return in touch. European Journal of Neuroscience. 40 (2), pp. 2389-2398. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.12583
The interaction between attention and motor prediction. An ERP study
Jones, A., Hughes, G. and Waszak, F. 2013. The interaction between attention and motor prediction. An ERP study. NeuroImage. 83, pp. 533-541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.07.004
Neural correlates of automatic attention in touch: event related potentials and behavioural measures
Jones, A. and Forster, B. 2010. Neural correlates of automatic attention in touch: event related potentials and behavioural measures. Psychophysiology. 47 (S1), p. S53. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01111.x
The interaction between attention and action expectation. An ERP study
Jones, A., Hughes, G. and Waszak, F. 2013. The interaction between attention and action expectation. An ERP study. The Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. S, pp. 115-115.
Independent effects of endogenous and exogenous attention in touch
Jones, A. and Forster, B. 2013. Independent effects of endogenous and exogenous attention in touch. Somatosensory and Motor Research. https://doi.org/10.3109/08990220.2013.779243
Lost in vision: ERP correlates of exogenous tactile attention when engaging in a visual task
Jones, A. and Forster, B. 2013. Lost in vision: ERP correlates of exogenous tactile attention when engaging in a visual task. Neuropsychologia. 51 (4), pp. 675-685. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.01.010
Reflexive attention in touch: an investigation of event related potentials and behavioural responses
Jones, A. and Forster, B. 2012. Reflexive attention in touch: an investigation of event related potentials and behavioural responses. Biological Psychology. 89 (2), pp. 313-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.11.004