Null effects of temporal prediction on recognition memory but evidence for differential neural activity at encoding. A registered report

Article


Jones, A., Silas, J., Anderson, W. and Ward, E. 2023. Null effects of temporal prediction on recognition memory but evidence for differential neural activity at encoding. A registered report. Cortex. 169, pp. 130-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2023.09.006
TypeArticle
TitleNull effects of temporal prediction on recognition memory but evidence for differential neural activity at encoding. A registered report
AuthorsJones, A., Silas, J., Anderson, W. and Ward, E.
Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that rhythmic presentation of stimuli during encoding boosts subsequent recognition and is associated with distinct neural activity compared with when stimuli are presented in an arrhythmic manner. However, it is unclear whether the effect is driven by automatic entrainment to rhythm or non-rhythmic temporal prediction. This registered report presents an Electroencephalographic (EEG) study aimed at establishing the cognitive and neural mechanisms of the effect of temporal prediction on recognition. In a blocked design, stimulus onset during encoding was systematically manipulated in four conditions prior to recognition testing: rhythmic fixed (RF), rhythmic variable (RV), arrhythmic fixed (AF), and arrhythmic variable (AV). By orthogonally varying rhythm and temporal position we were able to assess their independent contributions to recognition enhancement. Our behavioural results did not replicate previous findings that show a difference in recognition memory based on temporal predictability at encoding. However, event-related potential (ERP) component analysis did show an early (N1) interaction effect of temporal position and rhythm, and later (N2 and Dm) effects driven by temporal position only. Taken together, we observed effects of temporal prediction at encoding, but these differences did not translate to later effects of memory, suggesting that effects of temporal prediction on recognition are less robust than previously thought.

KeywordsTemporal expectation; Prediction; Rhythm ; Recognition memory; EEG
PublisherElsevier
JournalCortex
ISSN0010-9452
Electronic1973-8102
Publication dates
Online04 Oct 2023
PrintDec 2023
Publication process dates
Submitted25 May 2023
Accepted26 Sep 2023
Deposited13 Nov 2023
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Copyright Statement

© 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2023.09.006
PubMed IDMEDLINE:37871519
Web of Science identifierWOS:001095541800001
LanguageEnglish
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