Development and validation of the Music Cognitive Test: A music-based cognitive screening test

Article


Mangiacotti, A., Cipriani, G., Ward, E., Franco, F. and Biasutti, M. 2023. Development and validation of the Music Cognitive Test: A music-based cognitive screening test. Psychology of Music. 51 (2), pp. 373-394. https://doi.org/10.1177/03057356221100851
TypeArticle
TitleDevelopment and validation of the Music Cognitive Test: A music-based cognitive screening test
AuthorsMangiacotti, A., Cipriani, G., Ward, E., Franco, F. and Biasutti, M.
Abstract

Specific tools to measure the cognitive benefits of music therapy and music-rehabilitation training available to music therapists are few and empirically weak: they are mostly psychometrically unrefined or based on unclear tasks and scoring protocols; they do not take into consideration distinct cognitive functions or are based on exclusively observational protocols. To overcome these limitations, we developed a 15-min cognitive screening tool suitable for music therapists, MCT (Music Cognitive Test), which assesses cognitive abilities stimulated by music-making activities (e.g., attentional, verbal and executive functions, short- and long-term memory) by including music-based items. MCT was validated with 335 participants (aged 18-100y.o.) presenting a range of cognitive levels, from healthy cognition to severe impairment. MCT correlated strongly and positively with well-known tests: MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment) and SMMSE (Severe Mini-Mental State Examination). MCT also displayed excellent sensitivity in identifying impaired individuals according to both MMSE and MoCA diagnostic criteria (99.4% and 93.0%, respectively), and excellent specificity in identifying healthy participants based on MMSE (93.5%) and MoCA (97.8%) criteria. Overall, results highlight the reliability of this novel brief music-focused cognitive screening test, to enable music therapists to independently and consistently monitor the effectiveness of their intervention on cognitive functions.

Keywordsmusic therapy; cognitive assessment ; neurocognitive decline; aging; cognitive impairment
LanguageEnglish
PublisherSAGE Publications
JournalPsychology of Music
ISSN0305-7356
Electronic1741-3087
Publication dates
Online15 Jul 2022
PrintMar 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited10 May 2022
Accepted05 Mar 2022
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Restricted
Copyright Statement

Mangiacotti A, Cipriani G, Ward E, Franco F, Biasutti M. Development and validation of the Music Cognitive Test: A music-based cognitive screening test. Psychology of Music. July 2022. doi:10.1177/03057356221100851. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). DOI: 10.1177/03057356221100851
Published version: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/03057356221100851
Web of Science identifierWOS:000825816300001
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