Affect-matching music improves cognitive performance in adults and young children for both positive and negative emotions

Article


Franco, F., Swaine, J., Israni, S., Zaborowska, K., Kaloko, F., Kesavarajan, I. and Majek, J. 2014. Affect-matching music improves cognitive performance in adults and young children for both positive and negative emotions. Psychology of Music. 42 (6), pp. 869-887. https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735614548500
TypeArticle
TitleAffect-matching music improves cognitive performance in adults and young children for both positive and negative emotions
AuthorsFranco, F., Swaine, J., Israni, S., Zaborowska, K., Kaloko, F., Kesavarajan, I. and Majek, J.
Abstract

Three experiments assessed the hypothesis that cognitive benefits associated with exposure to music only occur when the perceived emotion expression of the music and the participant’s affective state match. Experiment 1 revealed an affect-matching pattern modulated by gender when assessing high-arousal states of opposite valence (happy/angry) in an adult sample (n=94) in which mood classification was based on self-report, and affective valence in music was differentiated by mode and other expressive cues whilst keeping tempo constant (139 BPM). The affect-matching hypothesis was then tested in two experiments with children using a mood-induction procedure: Experiment 2 tested happy/angry emotions with, respectively, 3-5- (n=40) and 6-9-year-old (n=40) children, and Experiment 3 compared happy/sad emotions (i.e., states differing both for valence and arousal profiles) with 3-5-year-old children (n=40), using music pieces differentiated also by fast vs. slow tempo. While young children failed to discriminate systematically between fast tempo music conveying different emotions, they did display cognitive benefits from exposure to affect-matching music when both valence (e.g., mode) and arousal level (e.g., tempo) differentiated the musical excerpts, with no gender effects.

Research GroupLanguage, Learning and Cognition group
LanguageEnglish
PublisherSAGE Publications
JournalPsychology of Music
ISSN0305-7356
Electronic1741-3087
Publication dates
Online13 Nov 2014
Print01 Nov 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Aug 2014
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

Fabia Franco, Joel S. Swaine, Shweta Israni, Katarzyna A. Zaborowska, Fatmata Kaloko, Indu Kesavarajan, Joseph A. Majek, Affect-matching music improves cognitive performance in adults and young children for both positive and negative emotions, Psychology of Music, Vol 42, Issue 6, pp. 869 - 887. Copyright © The Author(s) 2014. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735614548500
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