The effect of the return of serve on the server pair’s movement parameters and rally outcome in padel using cluster analysis

Article


Ramón-Llin, J., Guzmán, J., Llana, S., Martínez-Gallego, R., James, N. and Vučković, G. 2019. The effect of the return of serve on the server pair’s movement parameters and rally outcome in padel using cluster analysis. Frontiers in Psychology. 10, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01194
TypeArticle
TitleThe effect of the return of serve on the server pair’s movement parameters and rally outcome in padel using cluster analysis
AuthorsRamón-Llin, J., Guzmán, J., Llana, S., Martínez-Gallego, R., James, N. and Vučković, G.
Abstract

Purpose: The pressure exerted on racket sports players by the service has been well documented. Whilst the return of serve has been suggested through qualitative interviews as being of similar importance there is a dearth of quantitative data to support this contention. This study analyzed time, speed, and distance parameters related to the outcome of the return of serve (ROS) in Padel, a sport similar to tennis but played on a court bounded by walls and played in doubles format only. Methods: Matches (n = 18) at two tournaments, sanctioned by the Valencian Federation, in 2012 were recorded and processed using Tracker software. ROS shot type (flat or lob), ball location, players’ positions on court and movement parameters between the ROS and the third shot of the server were captured 25 times per second. Results: Both lob and flat ROS produced six main clusters, as well as a small proportion of shots deemed outliers. The clusters differentiated shots played by two different level players (National and Regional), whether the ROS was played following a first or second serve, whether the serving pair adopted a conventional or Australian formation and whether the rally ended in a short number of shots (seven or less) or not. Conclusion: It was suggested that the aim of the ROS in Padel was to prevent the serving pair winning the rally quickly, since the advantage of the serve diminished after around 6 to 8 shots. This was best achieved by good depth on lobs, regardless of the direction, and pace on low shots, predominately aimed toward the server. This approach should be further modified to include the time between serve and ROS and consideration could be given to classifying attacking and defending positions.

KeywordsPsychology, cluster analysis, performance analysis, padel, return of serve, movement parameters
PublisherFrontiers Media S.A.
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
ISSN1664-1078
Publication dates
Print28 May 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited11 Jun 2019
Accepted06 May 2019
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
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Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2019 Ramón-Llin, Guzmán, Llana, Martínez-Gallego, James and
Vuˇckovi´c. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in
other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s)
are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance
with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted
which does not comply with these terms.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01194
LanguageEnglish
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