Bone mineral density, rib pain and other features of the female athlete triad in elite lightweight rowers

Article


Dimitriou, L., Weiler, R., Lloyd-Smith, R., Turner, A., Heath, L., James, N. and Reid, A. 2014. Bone mineral density, rib pain and other features of the female athlete triad in elite lightweight rowers. BMJ Open. 4 (2), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004369
TypeArticle
TitleBone mineral density, rib pain and other features of the female athlete triad in elite lightweight rowers
AuthorsDimitriou, L., Weiler, R., Lloyd-Smith, R., Turner, A., Heath, L., James, N. and Reid, A.
Abstract

Objective: To determine bone mineral density (BMD) and the associations among BMD, menstrual history, disordered eating (DE), training history, intentional weight loss (IWL) and rib pain for the first time in female lightweight rowers.
Setting: 9 lightweight rowing clubs, UK.
Participants: 29 Caucasian female lightweight rowers volunteered. 21 (12 active, 9 retired) completed the study.
Inclusion criteria: female lightweight rowers aged over 18 years. Exclusion criteria: participants with a history of bone disease, used medications known to influence BMD or if they were pregnant, lactating or postmenopausal.
Main outcome measures: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measured total body (TB) composition and BMD at the spine, femoral neck (FN), radius and TB. DE, oligomenorrhoea/amenorrhoea years; rib pain and training history.
Results: DE was reported in six of the rowers. The active with DE started rowing younger (p<0.05) than those without, and their amount of IWL was associated with Eating Attitudes Test-26 score (p<0.05). Some participants reported a history of oligomenorrhoea/amenorrhoea 17 (76%) and/or rib pain 7 (32%) with those with rib pain having lower spine and TB Z-scores (p<0.05) than those without. Those with
oligomenorrhoea/amenorrhoea had lower spine Z-scores (p<0.01) than those without. Twelve participants had low BMD; three at spine; one at FN; and eight at radius. Thirteen per cent of mean total training hours (18.6±9.1 h/week) were spent strength training (2.4±2.2 h/week).
Conclusions: Upper body exercises incorporating multidimensional high peak bone strain were not reported and may need to be considered in their strength training to improve radial BMD. Results suggest IWL and high level training at a young age increases the likelihood of DE and there may be a lack of quality nutritional support for these athletes. Thus, multidisciplinary sport science support should be offered at a young age and perhaps also to consider changing the weight rules to prevent the development of the Triad.

Research GroupPhysiology at the London Sport Institute
LanguageEnglish
PublisherBMJ Publishing Group
JournalBMJ Open
ISSN2044-6055
Publication dates
Print12 Feb 2014
Online12 Feb 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Nov 2015
Accepted14 Jan 2014
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
Copyright Statement

Copyright information: Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions
This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004369
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Luca, M., Read, P., Turner, A., Korakakis, V. and Papadopoulos, K. 2021. Strength, rate of force development, power and reactive strength in adult male athletic populations post anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - a systematic review and meta-analysis. Physical Therapy in Sport. 47, pp. 91-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2020.11.024
Residual deficits in reactive strength indicate incomplete restoration of athletic qualities following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in professional soccer players
Read, P., Davies, W., Bishop, C., Mc Auliffe, S., Wilson, M. and Turner, A. 2020. Residual deficits in reactive strength indicate incomplete restoration of athletic qualities following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in professional soccer players. Journal of Athletic Training. https://doi.org/10.4085/169-20
A pilot study to determine whether repeated post-exercise cryotherapy exposure augments physiological and perceptual responses to cold
Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Van Wyk, A., Turek, V., Rivkin, T., Villiere, A., Jarvis, P., Miller, S., Turner, A. and Cockburn, E. 2020. A pilot study to determine whether repeated post-exercise cryotherapy exposure augments physiological and perceptual responses to cold. 25th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Virtual (due to Covid-19), initial venue Sevilla, Andalucia, Spain 28 - 30 Oct 2020
Seasonal variation of physical performance and inter-limb asymmetry in professional cricket athletes
Bishop, C., Weldon, A., Hughes, J., Brazier, J., Loturco, I., Turner, A. and Read, P. 2021. Seasonal variation of physical performance and inter-limb asymmetry in professional cricket athletes. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 35 (4), pp. 941-948. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000003927
Anthropometric profiles and physical characteristics in competitive female English premiership rugby union players
Yao, X., Curtis, C., Turner, A., Bishop, C., Austerberry, A. and Chavda, S. 2021. Anthropometric profiles and physical characteristics in competitive female English premiership rugby union players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 16 (9), pp. 1234-1241. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2020-0017
The Pallof press
Mullane, M., Turner, A. and Bishop, C. 2021. The Pallof press. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 43 (2), pp. 121-128. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000596
Practices of strength and conditioning coaches: a snapshot from different sports, countries and expertise levels
Weldon, A., Duncan, M., Turner, A., LaPlaca, D., Sampaio, J. and Christie, C. 2022. Practices of strength and conditioning coaches: a snapshot from different sports, countries and expertise levels. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 36 (5), pp. 1335-1344. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003773
The benefits of strength training on musculoskeletal system health: practical applications for interdisciplinary care
Maestroni, L., Read, P., Bishop, C., Papadopoulos, K., Suchomel, T., Comfort, P. and Turner, A. 2020. The benefits of strength training on musculoskeletal system health: practical applications for interdisciplinary care. Sports Medicine. 50 (8), pp. 1431-1450. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01309-5
Does a loaded warm-up influence jump asymmetry and badminton-specific change of direction performance?
Yeung, W., Bishop, C., Turner, A. and Maloney, S. 2021. Does a loaded warm-up influence jump asymmetry and badminton-specific change of direction performance? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 16 (4), pp. 578-584. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2020-0313
Bilateral vs. unilateral countermovement jumps: comparing the magnitude and direction of asymmetry in elite academy soccer players
Bishop, C., Abbott, W., Brashill, C., Turner, A., Lake, J. and Read, P. 2020. Bilateral vs. unilateral countermovement jumps: comparing the magnitude and direction of asymmetry in elite academy soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003679
Comparison of bilateral vs. unilateral-biased strength and power training interventions on measures of physical performance in elite youth soccer players
Stern, D., Gonzalo-Skok, O., Loturco, I., Turner, A. and Bishop, C. 2020. Comparison of bilateral vs. unilateral-biased strength and power training interventions on measures of physical performance in elite youth soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 34 (8), pp. 2105-2111. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003659
Inter-limb asymmetry during rehabilitation understanding formulas and monitoring the "magnitude" and "direction"
Bishop, C., Turner, A., Gonzalo-Skok, O. and Read, P. 2020. Inter-limb asymmetry during rehabilitation understanding formulas and monitoring the "magnitude" and "direction". Aspetar Sports Medicine Journal. 9 (1), pp. 18-22.
Magnitude or direction? Seasonal variation of interlimb asymmetry in elite academy soccer players
Bishop, C., Read, P., Chavda, S., Jarvis, P., Brazier, J., Bromley, T. and Turner, A. 2022. Magnitude or direction? Seasonal variation of interlimb asymmetry in elite academy soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 36 (4), pp. 1031-1037. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003565
The effect of training order on neuromuscular, endocrine and mood response to small-sided games and resistance training sessions over a 24-h period
Sparkes, W., Turner, A., Weston, M., Russell, M., Johnson, M. and Kilduff, L. 2020. The effect of training order on neuromuscular, endocrine and mood response to small-sided games and resistance training sessions over a 24-h period. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 23 (9), pp. 866-871. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.01.017
Developing powerful athletes, part 1: mechanical underpinnings
Turner, A., Comfort, P., McMahon, J., Bishop, C., Chavda, S., Read, P., Mundy, P. and Lake, J. 2020. Developing powerful athletes, part 1: mechanical underpinnings. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 42 (3), pp. 30-39. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000543
Caffeine increases strength and power performance in resistance‐trained females during early follicular phase
Norum, M., Risvang, L., Bjørnsen, T., Dimitriou, L., Rønning, P., Bjørgen, M. and Raastad, T. 2020. Caffeine increases strength and power performance in resistance‐trained females during early follicular phase. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 30 (11), pp. 2116-2129. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13776
Effects of soccer match-play on unilateral jumping and Inter-limb asymmetry: a repeated measures design
Bishop, C., Read, P., Stern, D. and Turner, A. 2022. Effects of soccer match-play on unilateral jumping and Inter-limb asymmetry: a repeated measures design. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 36 (1), pp. 193-200. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003389
Strength and power training in rehabilitation: underpinning principles and practical strategies to return athletes to high performance
Maestroni, L., Read, P., Bishop, C. and Turner, A. 2020. Strength and power training in rehabilitation: underpinning principles and practical strategies to return athletes to high performance. Sports Medicine. 50 (2), pp. 239-252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01195-6
Effects of inter-limb asymmetries on acceleration and change of direction speed: a between-sport comparison of professional soccer and cricket athletes
Bishop, C., Read, P., Brazier, J., Jarvis, P., Chavda, S., Bromley, T. and Turner, A. 2019. Effects of inter-limb asymmetries on acceleration and change of direction speed: a between-sport comparison of professional soccer and cricket athletes. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003135
Acute effect of repeated sprints on inter-limb asymmetries during unilateral jumping
Bishop, C., McAuley, W., Read, P., Gonzalo-Skok, O., Lake, J. and Turner, A. 2019. Acute effect of repeated sprints on inter-limb asymmetries during unilateral jumping. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003109
The effect of carbohydrate dose and timing on timed effort and time to exhaustion within a simulated cycle race in male professional cyclists
Girling, W., Pujdak, M., Dimitriou, L., Van Wyk, A., Vidal, M., Peterca, J., Curtis, C. and Paice, K. 2019. The effect of carbohydrate dose and timing on timed effort and time to exhaustion within a simulated cycle race in male professional cyclists. British Association of Sport Exercise Sciences: BASES Conference 2019. Leicester, UK 19 - 20 Nov 2019 Taylor and Francis. pp. 25-26 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1671688
A comparison of match demands using ball-in-play vs. whole match data in elite male youth soccer players
Wass, J., Mernagh, D., Pollard, B., Stewart, P., Fox, W., Parmar, N., Jones, B., Kilduff, L. and Turner, A. 2020. A comparison of match demands using ball-in-play vs. whole match data in elite male youth soccer players. Science and Medicine in Football. 4 (2), pp. 142-147. https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2019.1682183
Intra- and inter-day reliability of typical and alternative weightlifting variables during heavy cleans
Sorensen, A., Chavda, S. and Turner, A. 2019. Intra- and inter-day reliability of typical and alternative weightlifting variables during heavy cleans. UKSCA National Conference 2019. Milton Keynes, United Kingdom 15 - 16 Jun 2019 UKSCA. pp. 4-4
Alternative jump variables as surrogate measures of weightlifting performance in national weightlifters
Chavda, S., Yao, X., Harcoff, J., Martin, S. and Turner, A. 2019. Alternative jump variables as surrogate measures of weightlifting performance in national weightlifters. UKSCA National Conference 2019. Milton Keynes, United Kingdom 15 - 16 Jun 2019 UKSCA. pp. 22-22
Effect of post activation potentiation on weightlifting performance
Chavda, S., Sorensen, A., Vernau, J., Bishop, C. and Turner, A. 2019. Effect of post activation potentiation on weightlifting performance. NSCA 2019 National Conference. Washington D.C, US 10 - 13 Jul 2019
A practical guide to analyzing the force-time curve of isometric tasks in Excel
Chavda, S., Turner, A., Comfort, P., Haff, G., Williams, S., Bishop, C. and Lake, J. 2020. A practical guide to analyzing the force-time curve of isometric tasks in Excel. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 42 (2), pp. 26-37. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000507
The attacking process in football: a taxonomy for classifying how teams create goal scoring opportunities using a case study of Crystal Palace FC
Kim, J., James, N., Parmar, N., Ali, B. and Vučković, G. 2019. The attacking process in football: a taxonomy for classifying how teams create goal scoring opportunities using a case study of Crystal Palace FC. Frontiers in Psychology. 10, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02202
Total score of athleticism: holistic athlete profiling to enhance decision-making
Turner, A., Jones, B., Stewart, P., Bishop, C., Parmar, N., Chavda, S. and Read, P. 2019. Total score of athleticism: holistic athlete profiling to enhance decision-making. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 41 (6), pp. 91-101. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000506
Influence of tart cherry juice on airway biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress following a 42.2km trail run
Dimitriou, L., Yagnik, D., Wood, A., Sinclair, S., Paice, K., Wilson, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Kwan Xue Bin, K., Howatson, G. and Cockburn, E. 2018. Influence of tart cherry juice on airway biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress following a 42.2km trail run. 23rd annual congress of the European College of Sport Science. Dublin, Ireland 04 - 07 Jul 2018
A moderate caffeine dose increases strength performance in resistance-trained females
Risvang, L., Norum, M., Bjørnsen, T., Dimitriou, L., Rønning, P., Bjørgen, M., Stadheim, H. and Raastad, T. 2019. A moderate caffeine dose increases strength performance in resistance-trained females. 24th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science. Prague, Czech Republic 03 - 06 Jul 2019
Effects of energy availability and dietary macronutrients on bone mineral density in male and female vocational ballet dancers
Juncal, R., Myriam, L., Diaz-Naranjo, M. and Dimitriou, L. 2019. Effects of energy availability and dietary macronutrients on bone mineral density in male and female vocational ballet dancers. 29th International Association for Dance Medicine and Science (IADMS). Montreal, Quebec, Canada 24 - 27 Oct 2019
The role of fractional exhaled nitric oxide in the assessment of athletes reporting exertional dyspnoea
Allen, H., Hull, J., Backhouse, S., Dickinson, J., De Carné, T., Dimitriou, L. and Price, O. 2019. The role of fractional exhaled nitric oxide in the assessment of athletes reporting exertional dyspnoea. European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Congress. Lisbon, Portugal 01 - 05 Jun 2019 pp. 202 https://doi.org/10.1111/all.13959
Comparing the magnitude and direction of asymmetry during the squat, countermovement and drop jump tests in elite youth female soccer players
Bishop, C., Pereira, L., Reis, V., Read, P., Turner, A. and Loturco, I. 2020. Comparing the magnitude and direction of asymmetry during the squat, countermovement and drop jump tests in elite youth female soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences. 38 (11-12), pp. 1296-1303. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1649525
The effect of the return of serve on the server pair’s movement parameters and rally outcome in padel using cluster analysis
Ramón-Llin, J., Guzmán, J., Llana, S., Martínez-Gallego, R., James, N. and Vučković, G. 2019. The effect of the return of serve on the server pair’s movement parameters and rally outcome in padel using cluster analysis. Frontiers in Psychology. 10, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01194
Using a situation awareness approach to identify differences in the performance profiles of the world’s top two squash players and their opponents
Murray, S., James, N., Perš, J., Mandeljc, R. and Vučković, G. 2019. Using a situation awareness approach to identify differences in the performance profiles of the world’s top two squash players and their opponents. Frontiers in Psychology. 10, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01036
Reliability of judging in DanceSport
Premelč, J., Vuckovic, G., James, N. and Leskošek, B. 2019. Reliability of judging in DanceSport. Frontiers in Psychology. 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01001
The allergy questionnaire for athletes provides value in ruling‐out exercise‐induced bronchoconstriction [Letter to the Editor]
Allen, H., Hull, J., Backhouse, S., De Carné, T., Dimitriou, L. and Price, O. 2019. The allergy questionnaire for athletes provides value in ruling‐out exercise‐induced bronchoconstriction [Letter to the Editor]. Allergy. 74 (9), pp. 1794-1796. https://doi.org/10.1111/all.13778
The influence of repeated cold water immersion on adaptations to strength and power training
Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Gondek, M., Hills, F. and Cockburn, E. 2018. The influence of repeated cold water immersion on adaptations to strength and power training. 23rd Annual Congress of the ECSS 2018. Dublin, UK 04 - 07 Jul 2018 European College of Sport Science. pp. 94
Validity and reliability of a light-based electronic target for testing response time in fencers
De Giorgio, A., Luliano, E., Turner, A., Millevolte, C., Adrigo, L. and Padulo, J. 2019. Validity and reliability of a light-based electronic target for testing response time in fencers. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003160
Knee angle affects posterior chain muscle activation during an isometric test used in soccer players
Read, P., Turner, A., Clarke, R., Applebee, S. and Hughes, J. 2019. Knee angle affects posterior chain muscle activation during an isometric test used in soccer players. Sports. 7 (1). https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7010013
A retrospective investigation on age and gender differences of injuries in DanceSport
Premelč, J., Vučković, G., James, N. and Dimitriou, L. 2019. A retrospective investigation on age and gender differences of injuries in DanceSport. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 16 (21). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214164
Determining unstable game states to aid the identification of perturbations in football
Kim, J., James, N., Parmar, N., Ali, B. and Vučković, G. 2019. Determining unstable game states to aid the identification of perturbations in football. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 19 (3), pp. 302-312. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2019.1602439
Using unilateral strength, power and reactive strength tests to detect the magnitude and direction of asymmetry: A test-retest design
Bishop, C., Read, P., Chavda, S., Jarvis, P. and Turner, A. 2019. Using unilateral strength, power and reactive strength tests to detect the magnitude and direction of asymmetry: A test-retest design. Sports. 7 (3). https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7030058
Drop jump asymmetry is associated with reduced sprint and change-of-direction speed performance in adult female soccer players
Bishop, C., Turner, A., Maloney, S., Lake, J., Loturco, I., Bromley, T. and Read, P. 2019. Drop jump asymmetry is associated with reduced sprint and change-of-direction speed performance in adult female soccer players. Sports. 7 (1). https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7010029
Whole body cryotherapy, cold water immersion, or a placebo following resistance exercise: a case of mind over matter?
Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M. and Cockburn, E. 2019. Whole body cryotherapy, cold water immersion, or a placebo following resistance exercise: a case of mind over matter? European Journal of Applied Physiology. 119 (1), pp. 135-147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-4008-7
Acute and chronic effects of foam rolling vs eccentric exercise on ROM and force output of the plantar flexors
Aune, A., Bishop, C., Turner, A., Papadopoulos, K., Budd, S., Richardson, M. and Maloney, S. 2019. Acute and chronic effects of foam rolling vs eccentric exercise on ROM and force output of the plantar flexors. Journal of Sports Sciences. 37 (2), pp. 138-145. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1486000
Postactivation potentiation and change of direction speed in elite academy rugby players
Marshall, J., Turner, A., Jarvis, P., Maloney, S., Cree, J. and Bishop, C. 2019. Postactivation potentiation and change of direction speed in elite academy rugby players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 33 (6), pp. 1551-1556. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001834
The implementation of performance analysis and feedback within Olympic sport: the performance analyst’s perspective
Nicholls, S., James, N., Bryant, E. and Wells, J. 2019. The implementation of performance analysis and feedback within Olympic sport: the performance analyst’s perspective. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 14 (1), pp. 63-71. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118808081
Effects of a competitive soccer match on jump performance and interlimb asymmetries in elite academy soccer players
Bromley, T., Turner, A., Read, P., Lake, J., Maloney, S., Chavda, S. and Bishop, C. 2018. Effects of a competitive soccer match on jump performance and interlimb asymmetries in elite academy soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002951
A novel approach for athlete profiling: the unilateral dynamic strength index
Bishop, C., Read, P., Lake, J., Loturco, I. and Turner, A. 2018. A novel approach for athlete profiling: the unilateral dynamic strength index. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002871
Interlimb asymmetries: the need for an individual approach to data analysis
Bishop, C., Lake, J., Loturco, I., Papadopoulos, K., Turner, A. and Read, P. 2018. Interlimb asymmetries: the need for an individual approach to data analysis. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002729
Using principal component analysis to develop performance indicators in professional rugby league
Parmar, N., James, N., Hearne, G. and Jones, B. 2018. Using principal component analysis to develop performance indicators in professional rugby league. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 18 (6), pp. 938-949. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1528525
Reliability and measurement of inter-limb asymmetries in four unilateral jump tests in elite youth female soccer players
McCubbine, J., Turner, A., Dos'Santos, T. and Bishop, C. 2018. Reliability and measurement of inter-limb asymmetries in four unilateral jump tests in elite youth female soccer players. Professional Strength and Conditioning. (49), pp. 7-12.
Be as upright as possible when squatting: reply
Bishop, C. and Turner, A. 2018. Be as upright as possible when squatting: reply. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40 (3), p. 111. https://doi.org/10.1519/ssc.0000000000000388
The ball in play demands of international rugby union
Pollard, B., Turner, A., Eager, R., Cunningham, D., Cook, C., Hogben, P. and Kilduff, L. 2018. The ball in play demands of international rugby union. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 21 (10), pp. 1090-1094. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.02.015
Force-time characteristics of the countermovement jump: analyzing the curve in Excel
Chavda, S., Bromley, T., Jarvis, P., Williams, S., Bishop, C., Turner, A., Lake, J. and Mundy, P. 2018. Force-time characteristics of the countermovement jump: analyzing the curve in Excel. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40 (2), pp. 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000353
The importance of strength and power on key performance indicators in elite youth soccer
Wing, C., Turner, A. and Bishop, C. 2020. The importance of strength and power on key performance indicators in elite youth soccer. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 34 (7), pp. 2006-2014. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002446
Strength and conditioning considerations for hurling: an amateur Gaelic Games sport
Mullane, M., Turner, A. and Bishop, C. 2018. Strength and conditioning considerations for hurling: an amateur Gaelic Games sport. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40 (4), pp. 72-84. https://doi.org/10.1519/ssc.0000000000000381
Vertical and horizontal asymmetries are related to slower sprinting and jump performance in elite youth female soccer players
Bishop, C., Read, P., McCubbine, J. and Turner, A. 2021. Vertical and horizontal asymmetries are related to slower sprinting and jump performance in elite youth female soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 35 (1), pp. 56-63. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002544
Interlimb asymmetries: understanding how to calculate differences from bilateral and unilateral tests
Bishop, C., Read, P., Lake, J., Chavda, S. and Turner, A. 2018. Interlimb asymmetries: understanding how to calculate differences from bilateral and unilateral tests. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40 (4), pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000371
Team performance indicators that predict match outcome and points difference in professional rugby league
Parmar, N., James, N., Hughes, M., Jones, H. and Hearne, G. 2017. Team performance indicators that predict match outcome and points difference in professional rugby league. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 17 (6), pp. 1044-1056. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2017.1419409
Neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine, and mood responses to small-sided games' training in professional soccer
Sparkes, W., Turner, A., Weston, M., Russell, M., Johnston, M. and Kilduff, L. 2018. Neuromuscular, biochemical, endocrine, and mood responses to small-sided games' training in professional soccer. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 32 (9), pp. 2569-2576. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002424
Karate
Coy, J., Cree, J. and Turner, A. 2018. Karate. in: Turner, A. (ed.) Handbook of Strength and Conditioning: Sport-Specific Programming for High Performance London, UK Taylor & Francis (Routledge). pp. 359-370
Elite coaches’ use and engagement with performance analysis within Olympic and Paralympic sport
Nicholls, S., James, N., Bryant, E. and Wells, J. 2018. Elite coaches’ use and engagement with performance analysis within Olympic and Paralympic sport. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 18 (5), pp. 764-779. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1517290
Using a situation awareness approach to determine decision-making behaviour in squash
Murray, S., James, N., Perš, J., Mandeljc, R. and Vučković, G. 2018. Using a situation awareness approach to determine decision-making behaviour in squash. Journal of Sports Sciences. 36 (12), pp. 1415-1422. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1389485
The effect of plasma volume on changes in biomarkers of muscle damage, inflammation, oxidative stress and leukocyte differential following a 42.2 km trail run, and the efficacy of recovery interventions
Cockburn, E., Hills, F., Wilson, L., Paice, K., Wood, A. and Dimitriou, L. 2017. The effect of plasma volume on changes in biomarkers of muscle damage, inflammation, oxidative stress and leukocyte differential following a 42.2 km trail run, and the efficacy of recovery interventions. BASES Conference 2017. Nottingham, UK 28 - 29 Nov 2017 Taylor and Francis. pp. s26 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1378421
The influence of cold water immersion on markers of recovery following resistance exercise
Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M. and Cockburn, E. 2017. The influence of cold water immersion on markers of recovery following resistance exercise. BASES Conference 2017. Nottingham, UK 28 - 29 Nov 2017 Taylor and Francis. pp. s66 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1378421
Training methods and considerations for practitioners to reduce interlimb asymmetries
Bishop, C., Turner, A. and Read, P. 2018. Training methods and considerations for practitioners to reduce interlimb asymmetries. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40 (2), pp. 40-46. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000354
Validation of a crane scale for the assessment of portable isometric mid-thigh pulls
Urquhart, M., Bishop, C. and Turner, A. 2018. Validation of a crane scale for the assessment of portable isometric mid-thigh pulls. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 26 (5).
Why fencers should bounce: a new method of movement to engage the stretch-shortening cycle
Turner, A. and Harmenberg, J. 2017. Why fencers should bounce: a new method of movement to engage the stretch-shortening cycle. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 13 (3), pp. 452-460. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954117747133
Bone mineral density in vocational and professional ballet dancers
Amorim, T., Koutedakis, Y., Nevill, A., Wyon, M., Maia, J., Machado, J., Marques, F., Metsios, G., Flouris, A., Adubeiro, N., Nogueira, L. and Dimitriou, L. 2017. Bone mineral density in vocational and professional ballet dancers. Osteoporosis International. 28 (10), pp. 2903-2912. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-017-4130-0
Recovery following a marathon: a comparison of cold water immersion, whole body cryotherapy and a placebo control
Wilson, L., Cockburn, E., Paice, K., Sinclair, S., Faki, T., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Wood, A. and Dimitriou, L. 2018. Recovery following a marathon: a comparison of cold water immersion, whole body cryotherapy and a placebo control. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 118 (1), pp. 153-163. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3757-z
Lower extremity stiffness: considerations for testing, performance enhancement and injury risk
Brazier, J., Maloney, S., Bishop, C., Read, P. and Turner, A. 2019. Lower extremity stiffness: considerations for testing, performance enhancement and injury risk. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 33 (4), pp. 1156-1166. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002283
Integrated approach to correcting the high-bar back squat from "excessive forward leaning"
Bishop, C. and Turner, A. 2017. Integrated approach to correcting the high-bar back squat from "excessive forward leaning". Strength and Conditioning Journal. 39 (6), pp. 46-53. https://doi.org/10.1519/ssc.0000000000000337
Effects of inter-limb asymmetries on physical and sports performance: a systematic review
Bishop, C., Turner, A. and Read, P. 2018. Effects of inter-limb asymmetries on physical and sports performance: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences. 36 (10), pp. 1135-1144. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1361894
Heavy barbell hip thrusts do not effect sprint performance: an 8-week randomized–controlled study
Jarvis, P., Cassone, N., Turner, A., Chavda, S., Edwards, M. and Bishop, C. 2019. Heavy barbell hip thrusts do not effect sprint performance: an 8-week randomized–controlled study. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 33, pp. S78-S84. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002146
Exercise technique: the push press
Bishop, C., Chavda, S. and Turner, A. 2018. Exercise technique: the push press. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40 (3), pp. 104-108. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000321
Considerations for selecting field-based strength and power fitness tests to measure asymmetries
Bishop, C., Turner, A., Jarvis, P., Chavda, S. and Read, P. 2017. Considerations for selecting field-based strength and power fitness tests to measure asymmetries. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31 (9), pp. 2635-2644. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002023
Monitoring changes in power, speed, agility and endurance in elite cricketers during the off-season
Herridge, R., Turner, A. and Bishop, C. 2020. Monitoring changes in power, speed, agility and endurance in elite cricketers during the off-season. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 34 (8), pp. 2285-2293. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002077
The single leg squat: when to prescribe this exercise
Bishop, C., Brierly, S. and Turner, A. 2016. The single leg squat: when to prescribe this exercise. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Profile of a strength and conditioning coach: backgrounds, duties, and perceptions
Hartshorn, M., Read, P., Bishop, C. and Turner, A. 2016. Profile of a strength and conditioning coach: backgrounds, duties, and perceptions. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 38 (6), pp. 89-94. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000255
Using the split squat to potentiate bilateral and unilateral jump performance
Bishop, C., Tarrant, J., Jarvis, P. and Turner, A. 2017. Using the split squat to potentiate bilateral and unilateral jump performance. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31 (8), pp. 2216-2222. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001696
Physiological demands of sabre competitions in elite fencers
Turner, A., Dimitriou, L., Marshall, G., Russell, M., Bannock, L. and Bishop, C. 2018. Physiological demands of sabre competitions in elite fencers. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 26 (1).
Staying out of range: increasing attacking distance in fencing
Turner, A., Marshall, G., Noto, A., Chavda, S., Atlay, N. and Kirby, D. 2017. Staying out of range: increasing attacking distance in fencing. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12 (10), pp. 1319-1323. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0680
Do fencers require a weapon-specific approach to strength and conditioning training?
Turner, A., Bishop, C., Cree, J., Edwards, M., Chavda, S., Read, P. and Kirby, D. 2017. Do fencers require a weapon-specific approach to strength and conditioning training? The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31 (6), pp. 1662-1668. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001637
The acute effects of heavy sled towing on subsequent sprint acceleration performance
Jarvis, P., Turner, A., Chavda, S. and Bishop, C. 2017. The acute effects of heavy sled towing on subsequent sprint acceleration performance. Journal of Trainology. 6 (1), pp. 18-25. https://doi.org/10.17338/trainology.6.1_18
Competition intensity and fatigue in elite fencing
Turner, A., Kilduff, L., Mrashall, G., Phillips, J., Noto, A., Buttigeig, C., Gondek, M., Hills, F. and Dimitriou, L. 2017. Competition intensity and fatigue in elite fencing. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31 (11), pp. 3128-3136. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001758
Influence of cold water immersion and cherry juice on recovery following a 42.2km trail run
Paice, K., Dimitriou, L., Wilson, L., Hills, F., Sinclair, S., Gondek, M., Kwan, X. and Wood, A. 2017. Influence of cold water immersion and cherry juice on recovery following a 42.2km trail run. BASES Conference 2017. Nottingham, UK 28 - 29 Nov 2017 Taylor and Francis. pp. s92 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1378421
A review of strength and conditioning internships: the UKSCA’s State of the Nation survey
Stewart, P., Maughan, P. and Turner, A. 2016. A review of strength and conditioning internships: the UKSCA’s State of the Nation survey. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Skill acquisition in squash
Logan, O. and James, N. 2016. Skill acquisition in squash. in: The Science of Sport: Squash Wiltshire The Crowood Press Ltd.. pp. 172-185
The science of sport: Squash
Murray, S., Hughes, M., James, N. and Vučković, G. 2016. The science of sport: Squash. Wiltshire The Crowood Press Ltd..
Effects of rule changes on physical demands and shot characteristics of elite-standard men’s squash and implications for training
Murray, S., James, N., Hughes, M., Perš, J., Mandeljc, R. and Vučković, G. 2016. Effects of rule changes on physical demands and shot characteristics of elite-standard men’s squash and implications for training. Journal of Sports Sciences. 34 (23), pp. 2170-2174. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1216155
Identifying readiness to train: when to push and when to pull
Turner, A., Bishop, C., Springham, M. and Stewart, P. 2016. Identifying readiness to train: when to push and when to pull. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Screening movement dysfunctions using the overhead squat
Bishop, C., Edwards, M. and Turner, A. 2016. Screening movement dysfunctions using the overhead squat. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
How to monitor training load and mode using sRPE
Turner, A., Bishop, C., Marshall, G. and Read, P. 2015. How to monitor training load and mode using sRPE. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Is baseline aerobic fitness associated with illness and attrition rate in military training?
Dimitriou, L., Lockey, J. and Castell, L. 2017. Is baseline aerobic fitness associated with illness and attrition rate in military training? Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. 163 (1), pp. 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-2015-000608
Ecological validity of Session RPE method for quantifying internal training load in Fencing
Turner, A., Buttigeig, C., Noto, A., Marshall, G., Phillips, J. and Kilduff, L. 2017. Ecological validity of Session RPE method for quantifying internal training load in Fencing. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 12 (1), pp. 124-128. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0062
Strength and conditioning for British soldiers
Turner, A. 2016. Strength and conditioning for British soldiers. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 38 (3), pp. 59-68. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000146
Determinants of club head speed in PGA professional golfers
Lewis, A., Ward, N., Bishop, C., Maloney, S. and Turner, A. 2016. Determinants of club head speed in PGA professional golfers. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 30 (6), pp. 2266-2270. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001362
Physical characteristics underpinning repetitive lunging in fencing
Turner, A., Marshall, G., Philips, J., Noto, A., Buttigieg, C., Chavda, S., Downing, W., Atlay, N., Dimitriou, L. and Kilduff, L. 2016. Physical characteristics underpinning repetitive lunging in fencing. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 30 (11), pp. 3134-3139. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001402
Characteristics and experiences of interns in strength and conditioning
Read, P., Hughes, J., Blagrove, R., Jeffreys, I., Edwards, M. and Turner, A. 2017. Characteristics and experiences of interns in strength and conditioning. Journal of Sports Sciences. 35 (3), pp. 269-276. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1161220
Physical preparation for fencing: tailoring exercise prescription and training load to the physiological and biomechanical demands of competition
Turner, A. 2016. Physical preparation for fencing: tailoring exercise prescription and training load to the physiological and biomechanical demands of competition. PhD thesis Middlesex University School of Science and Technology
The importance of sleep for athletic performance
Marshall, G. and Turner, A. 2016. The importance of sleep for athletic performance. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 38 (1), pp. 61-67. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000189
Asymmetries of the lower limb: the calculation conundrum in strength training and conditioning
Bishop, C., Read, P., Chavda, S. and Turner, A. 2016. Asymmetries of the lower limb: the calculation conundrum in strength training and conditioning. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 38 (6), pp. 27-32. https://doi.org/10.1519/ssc.0000000000000264
Addressing movement patterns by using the overhead squat
Bishop, C., Villiere, A. and Turner, A. 2016. Addressing movement patterns by using the overhead squat. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Physical characteristics underpinning lunging and change of direction speed in fencing
Turner, A., Bishop, C., Chavda, S., Edwards, M., Brazier, J. and Kilduff, L. 2016. Physical characteristics underpinning lunging and change of direction speed in fencing. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 30 (8), pp. 2235-2241. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000001320
Does SAQ training improve the speed and flexibility of young soccer players? A randomized controlled trial
Milanovic, Z., Sporiš, G., Trajković, N., Sekulić, D., James, N. and Vučković, G. 2014. Does SAQ training improve the speed and flexibility of young soccer players? A randomized controlled trial. Human Movement Science. 38, pp. 197-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2014.09.005
Analysis of dance postures in latin-american dances using annotation and Sagit tracking
Zaletel, P., Vučković, G., Dimitriou, L., James, N., Rebula, A. and Zagorc, M. 2011. Analysis of dance postures in latin-american dances using annotation and Sagit tracking. 6th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology. Opatija, Croatia 08 - 11 Sep 2011 pp. 577
The effects of physical training and competition on selected haematological, salivary and psychological markers of immune and health status
Dimitriou, L. 2007. The effects of physical training and competition on selected haematological, salivary and psychological markers of immune and health status. PhD thesis Brunel University Sports Sciences
Bone mineral density and body composition in female professional ballet dancers: 480 Board# 71 2: 00 PM-3: 30 PM
Cooke, K., Dimitriou, L., Smith, N. and McCormack, M. 2005. Bone mineral density and body composition in female professional ballet dancers: 480 Board# 71 2: 00 PM-3: 30 PM. ACSM. LWW.
Bone mineral density and aspects of the female athlete triad in elite endurance runners: 1562: Board# 218 June 2 11: 00 AM-12: 30 PM
Pollock, N., Grogan, C., Perry, M., Pedlar, C., Cooke, K., Morrissey, D. and Dimitriou, L. 2010. Bone mineral density and aspects of the female athlete triad in elite endurance runners: 1562: Board# 218 June 2 11: 00 AM-12: 30 PM. ACSM. LWW.
Low radial BMD is associated with reduced femoral cross sectional area in female ballet dancers
Cooke, K., Dimitriou, L. and McCormack, M. 2007. Low radial BMD is associated with reduced femoral cross sectional area in female ballet dancers. acsm. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000273156.09179.ed
Body composition and injuries in professional ballet dancers
Naalchigar, C., McCormack, M., Pelly, J., Wyon, M. and Dimitriou, L. 2013. Body composition and injuries in professional ballet dancers. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2013. pp. 97-98
Regional body composition & muscular strength in female endurance athletes with low and normal radius bone mineral density: preliminary findings
Cooke, K., Dimitriou, L., Smith, N., Lee, S. and Pedlar, C. 2005. Regional body composition & muscular strength in female endurance athletes with low and normal radius bone mineral density: preliminary findings. ECSS.
Applying elite research to the general population
Sharp, N., Dimitriou, L. and Doherty, M. 2003. Applying elite research to the general population. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 37 (4), p. 372. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.37.4.372-a
Bone-mineral density and other features of the female athlete triad in elite endurance runners: a longitudinal and cross-sectional observational study
Pollock, N., Grogan, C., Perry, M., Pedlar, C., Cooke, K., Morrissey, D. and Dimitriou, L. 2010. Bone-mineral density and other features of the female athlete triad in elite endurance runners: a longitudinal and cross-sectional observational study. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 20 (5), pp. 418-426.
Strength and conditioning for fencing
Turner, A., Miller, S., Stewart, P., Cree, J., Ingram, R., Dimitriou, L., Moody, J. and Kilduff, L. 2013. Strength and conditioning for fencing. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 35 (1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e31826e7283
Menstrual irregularity, bone mineral density and rib injuries in current and retired female lightweight rowers: 1837: Board# 1 May 29 2: 00 PM-3: 30 PM
Reid, A., Lloyd-Smith, R. and Dimitriou, L. 2008. Menstrual irregularity, bone mineral density and rib injuries in current and retired female lightweight rowers: 1837: Board# 1 May 29 2: 00 PM-3: 30 PM. acsm. LWW.
Team everest: the immune response to high altitude: 1693: Board# 43 May 27 3: 30 PM-5: 00 PM
Dimitriou, L., Chong, C., Dhunnokchand, R., Ranney, J., Jehanli, A., Speedy, T. and Ranney, M. 2009. Team everest: the immune response to high altitude: 1693: Board# 43 May 27 3: 30 PM-5: 00 PM. ACSM. LWW.
Low radial BMD is associated with reduced femoral cross sectional area in female ballet dancers: 797: June 1 8: 30 AM-8: 45 AM
Cooke, K., Dimitriou, L. and McCormack, M. 2007. Low radial BMD is associated with reduced femoral cross sectional area in female ballet dancers: 797: June 1 8: 30 AM-8: 45 AM. ACsm. LWW.
Determinants of Olympic fencing performance and implications for strength and conditioning training
Turner, A., James, N., Dimitriou, L., Greenhalgh, A., Moody, J., Fulcher, D., Mias, E. and Kilduff, L. 2014. Determinants of Olympic fencing performance and implications for strength and conditioning training. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28 (10), pp. 3001-3011. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000478
A time-motion analysis of turns performed by highly ranked Viennese waltz dancers
Prosen, J., James, N., Dimitriou, L., Perš, J. and Vučković, G. 2013. A time-motion analysis of turns performed by highly ranked Viennese waltz dancers. Journal of Human Kinetics. 37 (1). https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2013-0025
Influence of a montmorency cherry juice blend on indices of exercise-induced stress and upper respiratory tract symptoms following marathon running—a pilot investigation
Dimitriou, L., Hill, J., Jehnali, A., Dunbar, J., Brouner, J., McHugh, M. and Howatson, G. 2015. Influence of a montmorency cherry juice blend on indices of exercise-induced stress and upper respiratory tract symptoms following marathon running—a pilot investigation. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 12 (1), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-015-0085-8
Circadian effects on the acute responses of salivary cortisol and IgA in well trained swimmers
Dimitriou, L., Sharp, N. and Doherty, M. 2002. Circadian effects on the acute responses of salivary cortisol and IgA in well trained swimmers. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 36 (4), pp. 260-264. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.36.4.260
Comparison of lung volume in Greek swimmers, land based athletes, and sedentary controls using allometric scaling
Doherty, M. and Dimitriou, L. 1997. Comparison of lung volume in Greek swimmers, land based athletes, and sedentary controls using allometric scaling. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 31 (4), pp. 337-341. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.31.4.337
Assessing movement using a variety of screening tests
Bishop, C., Read, P., Walker, S. and Turner, A. 2015. Assessing movement using a variety of screening tests. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Graded shuttle run performance by playing positions in elite female basketball
Štrumbelj, B., Vuckovic, G., Jakovljevic, S., Milanovic, Z., James, N. and Erculj, F. 2015. Graded shuttle run performance by playing positions in elite female basketball. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29 (3), pp. 793-799. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000673
A new method for assessing squash tactics using 15 court areas for ball locations
Vučković, G., James, N., Hughes, M., Murray, S., Milanović, Z., Perš, J. and Sporiš, G. 2014. A new method for assessing squash tactics using 15 court areas for ball locations. Human Movement Science. 34, pp. 81-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2014.01.002
Effects of concurrent activation potentiation on countermovement jump performance
Mullane, M., Maloney, S., Chavda, S., Williams, S. and Turner, A. 2015. Effects of concurrent activation potentiation on countermovement jump performance. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29 (12), pp. 3311-3316. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001010
Reliability, factorial validity, and interrelationships of five commonly used change of direction speed tests
Stewart, P., Turner, A. and Miller, S. 2014. Reliability, factorial validity, and interrelationships of five commonly used change of direction speed tests. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24 (3), pp. 500-506. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12019
Hamstring strain prevention in elite soccer players
Turner, A., Cree, J., Comfort, P., Jones, L., Chavda, S., Bishop, C. and Reynolds, A. 2014. Hamstring strain prevention in elite soccer players. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 36 (5), pp. 10-20. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000076
A needs analysis and testing battery for field hockey
Bishop, C., Brazier, J., Cree, J. and Turner, A. 2015. A needs analysis and testing battery for field hockey. Professional Strength and Conditioning. 36, pp. 15-26.
Strength and conditioning for swimming: a practical approach
Bishop, C., Cree, J., Read, P., Barter, P. and Turner, A. 2014. Strength and conditioning for swimming: a practical approach. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
A field based test battery for tennis
Roberts, T., Turner, A. and Mayers, R. 2011. A field based test battery for tennis. Professional Strength and Conditioning. 20, pp. 13-22.
Defining, developing and measuring agility
Turner, A. 2011. Defining, developing and measuring agility. Professional Strength and Conditioning. 22, pp. 26-28.
Defining and developing the aerobic capacity
Kilduff, L. and Turner, A. 2011. Defining and developing the aerobic capacity. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Determinants of repeat sprint ability
Turner, A., Bishop, C., Chavda, S., Edwards, M. and Barter, P. 2013. Determinants of repeat sprint ability. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Avoid overtraining and monitor fatigue
Turner, A., Stewart, P., Bishop, C., Chavda, S., Edwards, M. and Read, P. 2013. Avoid overtraining and monitor fatigue. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Neuroendocrinology and resistance training in adult males
Turner, A., Comfort, P., Moody, J. and Jeffreys, I. 2010. Neuroendocrinology and resistance training in adult males. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Training for power: principles and practice
Turner, A. 2009. Training for power: principles and practice. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
A field-based fitness testing battery for Rugby League
Coneyworth, P., Ward, N. and Turner, A. 2012. A field-based fitness testing battery for Rugby League. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Strength & conditioning for Taekwondo athletes
Turner, A. 2009. Strength & conditioning for Taekwondo athletes. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Total score of athleticism: a strategy for assessing an athlete’s athleticism
Turner, A. 2014. Total score of athleticism: a strategy for assessing an athlete’s athleticism. Professional Strength and Conditioning.
Relationship between repeated sprint ability and aerobic capacity in professional soccer players
Jones, R., Cook, C., Kilduff, L., Milanovic, Z., James, N., Sporiš, G., Fiorentini, B., Turner, A. and Vuckovic, G. 2013. Relationship between repeated sprint ability and aerobic capacity in professional soccer players. The Scientific World Press.
Training the aerobic capacity of distance runners: a break from tradition
Turner, A. 2011. Training the aerobic capacity of distance runners: a break from tradition. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 33 (2), pp. 39-42. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e318214d907
The stretch-shortening cycle: proposed mechanisms and methods for enhancements
Turner, A. and Jeffreys, I. 2010. The stretch-shortening cycle: proposed mechanisms and methods for enhancements. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 32 (4), pp. 87-99. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181e928f9
The science and practice of periodisation: a brief review
Turner, A. 2011. The science and practice of periodisation: a brief review. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 33 (1), pp. 34-46. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3182079cdf
Strength and conditioning for soccer players
Turner, A. and Stewart, P. 2014. Strength and conditioning for soccer players. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 36 (4), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000054
Lower extremity stiffness: effects on performance and injury and implications for training
Brazier, J., Bishop, C., Simons, C., Antrobus, M., Read, P. and Turner, A. 2014. Lower extremity stiffness: effects on performance and injury and implications for training. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 36 (5), pp. 103-112. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000094
Strength and conditioning for Mauy Thai athletes
Turner, A. 2009. Strength and conditioning for Mauy Thai athletes. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 31 (6), pp. 78-92. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181b99603
Strength and conditioning for cricket fast bowlers
Mukandi, I., Turner, A., Scott, P. and Johnstone, J. 2014. Strength and conditioning for cricket fast bowlers. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 36 (6), pp. 96-106. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000099
Repeat sprint ability
Turner, A. and Stewart, P. 2013. Repeat sprint ability. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 35 (1), pp. 37-41. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3182824ea4
Data analysis for strength and conditioning coaches: using Excel to analyze reliability, differences, and relationships
Turner, A., Brazier, J., Bishop, C., Chavda, S., Cree, J. and Read, P. 2015. Data analysis for strength and conditioning coaches: using Excel to analyze reliability, differences, and relationships. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 37 (1), pp. 76-83. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000113
A needs analysis and field-based testing battery for basketball
Read, P., Hughes, J., Stewart, P., Chavda, S., Bishop, C., Edwards, M. and Turner, A. 2014. A needs analysis and field-based testing battery for basketball. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 36 (3), pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000051
A one-day field test battery for the assessment of aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, speed, and agility of soccer players
Walker, S. and Turner, A. 2009. A one-day field test battery for the assessment of aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, speed, and agility of soccer players. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 31 (6), pp. 52-60. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181c22085
Effect of postactivation potentiation on fifty-meter freestyle in national swimmers
Sarramian, V., Turner, A. and Greenhalgh, A. 2015. Effect of postactivation potentiation on fifty-meter freestyle in national swimmers. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29 (4), pp. 1003-1009. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000708
Fitness profiles of elite Portuguese rugby union players
Vaz, L., Morais, T., Rocha, H. and James, N. 2014. Fitness profiles of elite Portuguese rugby union players. Journal of Human Kinetics. 41 (1), pp. 235-244. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0051
Acute effects of a loaded warm-up protocol on change of direction speed in professional badminton players
Maloney, S., Turner, A. and Miller, S. 2014. Acute effects of a loaded warm-up protocol on change of direction speed in professional badminton players. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 30 (5), pp. 637-642. https://doi.org/10.1123/JAB.2014-0048
Ballistic exercise as a pre-activation stimulus: a review of the literature and practical applications
Maloney, S., Turner, A. and Fletcher, I. 2014. Ballistic exercise as a pre-activation stimulus: a review of the literature and practical applications. Sports Medicine. 44 (10), pp. 1347-1359. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0214-6
The usefulness and reliability of fitness testing protocols for ice hockey players: a literature review
Nightingale, S., Miller, S. and Turner, A. 2013. The usefulness and reliability of fitness testing protocols for ice hockey players: a literature review. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 27 (6), pp. 1742-1748. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182736948
The effects of post activation potentiation on golf club head speed
Read, P., Miller, S. and Turner, A. 2013. The effects of post activation potentiation on golf club head speed. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 27 (6), pp. 1579-1582. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182711c60
Increasing the impact force of the rear hand punch
Turner, A., Baker, E. and Miller, S. 2011. Increasing the impact force of the rear hand punch. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 33 (6), pp. 2-9. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e318232fdcb
Strength and conditioning for sprint swimming
Bishop, C., Cree, J., Read, P., Chavda, S., Edwards, M. and Turner, A. 2013. Strength and conditioning for sprint swimming. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 35 (6), pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000019
Notational analysis of corner kicks in English Premier League Soccer.
Taylor, J., James, N. and Mellalieu, S. 2005. Notational analysis of corner kicks in English Premier League Soccer. in: Reilly, T., Cabri, J. and Araújo, D. (ed.) Science and Football V: the proceedings of the Fifth World Congress on Science and Football. Routledge. pp. 229-234
Comparative movement analysis of the winners and the losers of the rallies in squash.
James, N. and Vuckovic, G. 2009. Comparative movement analysis of the winners and the losers of the rallies in squash. in: Juhas, I. and Koprivica, V. (ed.) Book of abstracts: international scientific conference of theoretical, methodological and methodical aspects of competition and athletes’ preparation. University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education. pp. 42-42
An automatic tracking analysis of the movement velocities of national level basketball guards, forwards and centres.
Vuckovic, G., Dezman, B., Perse, M., Kristan, M., Pers, J., Kovacic, S. and James, N. 2009. An automatic tracking analysis of the movement velocities of national level basketball guards, forwards and centres. in: Juhas, I. and Koprivica, V. (ed.) Book of abstracts of the international scientific conference of theoretical, methodological and methodical aspects of competition and athletes’ preparation. University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education.
The efficiency and ergonomics of different data entry systems in real-time and lapsed-time computer notation systems
Hughes, M., Fuller, O., Murray, S., James, N. and Vuckovic, G. 2010. The efficiency and ergonomics of different data entry systems in real-time and lapsed-time computer notation systems. The 5th International Christmas Sport Scientific Conference: qualitative and quantitative research in sport science.. Szombathely, Hungary 12 - 14 Dec 2010
The use of Zone 14 as a strategic attacking area in the English Championship
Rees, G., James, N., Hughes, M., Taylor, J. and Vuckovic, G. 2010. The use of Zone 14 as a strategic attacking area in the English Championship. The 5th International Christmas Sport Scientific Conference: qualitative and quantitative research in sport science.. Szombathely, Hungary 12 - 14 Dec 2010
An objective method for depicting team performance in elite professional rugby union.
Jones, N., James, N. and Mellalieu, S. 2008. An objective method for depicting team performance in elite professional rugby union. Journal of Sports Sciences. 26 (7), pp. 691-700. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701815170
The influence of match location, quality of opposition, and match status on technical performance in professional association football.
Taylor, J., Mellalieu, S., James, N. and Shearer, D. 2008. The influence of match location, quality of opposition, and match status on technical performance in professional association football. Journal of Sports Sciences. 26 (9), pp. 885-895. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701836887
Reliability procedures for categorical data in performance analysis.
James, N., Taylor, J. and Stanley, S. 2007. Reliability procedures for categorical data in performance analysis. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 7 (1), pp. 1-11.
The statistical analysis of golf performance.
James, N. 2007. The statistical analysis of golf performance. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 2, pp. 231-249. https://doi.org/10.1260/174795407789705424
Approach shot accuracy as a performance indicator for US PGA tour golf professionals
James, N. and Rees, G. 2008. Approach shot accuracy as a performance indicator for US PGA tour golf professionals. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 3, pp. 145-160. https://doi.org/10.1260/174795408785024225
Notational analysis in soccer: past, present and future.
James, N. 2006. Notational analysis in soccer: past, present and future. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 6 (2), pp. 67-81.
An exercise protocol that simulates the activity patterns of elite junior squash.
Kingsley, M., James, N., Kilduff, L., Dietzig, R. and Dietzig, B. 2006. An exercise protocol that simulates the activity patterns of elite junior squash. Journal of Sports Sciences. 24 (12), pp. 1291-1296. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500497766
The role of notational analysis in soccer coaching.
James, N. 2006. The role of notational analysis in soccer coaching. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 1 (2), pp. 185-198. https://doi.org/10.1260/174795406777641294
Human processes of control: tracing the goals and strategies of control room teams.
Patrick, J., James, N. and Ahmed, A. 2006. Human processes of control: tracing the goals and strategies of control room teams. Ergonomics. 49 (12-13), pp. 1395-1414. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130600613042
Observational assessment of situation awareness, team differences and training implications.
Patrick, J., James, N., Ahmed, A. and Halliday, P. 2006. Observational assessment of situation awareness, team differences and training implications. Ergonomics. 49 (4), pp. 393-417. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130600576272
The development of position-specific performance indicators in professional rugby union.
James, N., Mellalieu, S. and Jones, N. 2005. The development of position-specific performance indicators in professional rugby union. Journal of Sports Sciences. 23 (1), pp. 63-72. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410410001730106
A comparison of individual and unit tactical behaviour and team strategy in professional soccer.
Taylor, J., Mellalieu, S. and James, N. 2005. A comparison of individual and unit tactical behaviour and team strategy in professional soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 5 (2), pp. 87-101.
Game location effects in professional soccer: a case study.
Tucker, W., Mellalieu, S., James, N. and Taylor, J. 2005. Game location effects in professional soccer: a case study. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 5 (2), pp. 23-35.
Team performance indicators as a function of winning and losing in rugby union.
Jones, N., Mellalieu, S. and James, N. 2004. Team performance indicators as a function of winning and losing in rugby union. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 4 (1), pp. 61-71.
Possession as a performance indicator in soccer.
Jones, P., James, N. and Mellalieu, S. 2004. Possession as a performance indicator in soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 4 (1), pp. 98-104.
The effects of creatine supplementation on cardiovascular, metabolic, and thermoregulatory responses during exercise in the heat in endurance-trained humans.
Kilduff, L., Georgiades, E., James, N., Minnion, R., Mitchell, M., Kingsmore, D., Hadjicharlambous, M. and Pitsiladis, Y. 2004. The effects of creatine supplementation on cardiovascular, metabolic, and thermoregulatory responses during exercise in the heat in endurance-trained humans. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 14 (4), pp. 446-463.
Process tracing of complex cognitive work tasks.
Patrick, J. and James, N. 2004. Process tracing of complex cognitive work tasks. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 77 (2), pp. 259-280. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317904774202171
Passing in the Soccer World Cup 2002.
Scoulding, A., James, N. and Taylor, J. 2004. Passing in the Soccer World Cup 2002. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 4 (2), pp. 36-41.
Behavioural comparisons of positional demands in professional soccer.
Taylor, J., Mellalieu, S. and James, N. 2004. Behavioural comparisons of positional demands in professional soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 4 (1), pp. 81-97.
Analysis of strategies in soccer as a function of European and domestic competition.
James, N., Mellalieu, S. and Hollely, C. 2002. Analysis of strategies in soccer as a function of European and domestic competition. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2 (1), pp. 85-103.
Educational strategies used in increasing fluid intake and enhancing hydration status in field hockey players preparing for competition in a hot and humid environment: a case study.
Dabinett, J., Reid, K. and James, N. 2001. Educational strategies used in increasing fluid intake and enhancing hydration status in field hockey players preparing for competition in a hot and humid environment: a case study. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 11 (3), pp. 334-348.
Tactical use of the T area in squash by players of differing standard.
Vuckovic, G., Pers, J., James, N. and Hughes, M. 2009. Tactical use of the T area in squash by players of differing standard. Journal of Sports Sciences. 27 (8), pp. 863-871. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410902926412
Performance analysis of golf: reflections on the past and a vision of the future.
James, N. 2009. Performance analysis of golf: reflections on the past and a vision of the future. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 9 (2), pp. 188-209.
Measurement error associated with the SAGIT/Squash computer tracking software.
Vuckovic, G., Pers, J., James, N. and Hughes, M. 2010. Measurement error associated with the SAGIT/Squash computer tracking software. European Journal of Sport Science. 10 (2), pp. 129-140. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390903311927
A testing battery for the assessment of fitness in soccer players
Turner, A., Walker, S., Stembridge, M., Coneyworth, P., Reed, G., Birdsey, L., Barter, P. and Moody, J. 2011. A testing battery for the assessment of fitness in soccer players. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 33 (5), pp. 29-39. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e31822fc80a
Situation variable effects and tactical performance in professional association football
Taylor, J., Mellalieu, S., James, N. and Barter, P. 2010. Situation variable effects and tactical performance in professional association football. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 10 (3), pp. 255-269.
Training to break the barriers of habit in reasoning about unusual faults.
Patrick, J., Grainger, L., Gregov, A., Halliday, P., Handley, J., James, N. and O'Reilly, S. 1999. Training to break the barriers of habit in reasoning about unusual faults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. 5 (3), pp. 314-335. https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-898X.5.3.314