Evaluating the impact of embodied conversational agents (ECAs) attentional behaviors on user retention of cultural content in a simulated mobile environment

Conference keynote


Doumanis, I. and Smith, S. 2014. Evaluating the impact of embodied conversational agents (ECAs) attentional behaviors on user retention of cultural content in a simulated mobile environment. 16th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction. Istanbul, Turkey 12 - 16 Nov 2014 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). pp. 27-32 https://doi.org/10.1145/2666642.2666650
TypeConference keynote
TitleEvaluating the impact of embodied conversational agents (ECAs) attentional behaviors on user retention of cultural content in a simulated mobile environment
AuthorsDoumanis, I. and Smith, S.
Abstract

The paper presents an evaluation study of the impact of an ECA’s attentional behaviors using a custom research method that combines facial expression analysis, eye-tracking and a retention test. The method provides additional channels to EEG-based methods for the study of user attention and emotions. In order to validate the proposed approach, two tour guide applications were created with an embodied conversational agent(ECA) that presents cultural content about a real-tourist attraction. The agent simulates two attention-grabbing mechanisms - humorous and serious to attract the users’ attention. A formal study was conducted to compare two tour guide applications in the lab. The data collected from the facial expression analysis and eye-tracking helped to explain particularly good and bad performances in retention tests. In terms of the study results, strong quantitative and qualitative evidence was found that an ECA should not attract more attention to itself than necessary, to avoid becoming a distraction from the flow of the content. It was also found that the ECA had an inverse effect on the retention performance of participants with different gender and their use on computer interfaces is not a good idea for elderly users.

Research GroupArtificial Intelligence group
Research Group on Development of Intelligent Environments
LanguageEnglish
Conference16th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction
Page range27-32
ISBN
Hardcover9781450301251
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Publication dates
Print16 Nov 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Nov 2014
Submitted10 Sep 2014
Output statusPublished
First submitted version
Copyright Statement

© 2014 ACM. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in GazeIn '14 Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Eye Gaze in Intelligent Human Machine Interaction: Eye-Gaze & Multimodality, Pages 27-32, Istanbul, Turkey — November 16 - 16, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2666642.2666650

Additional information

Ioannis Doumanis and Serengul Smith. 2014. Evaluating the Impact of Embodied Conversational Agents (ECAs) Attentional Behaviors on User Retention of Cultural Content in a Simulated Mobile Environment. In Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Eye Gaze in Intelligent Human Machine Interaction: Eye-Gaze & Multimodality (GazeIn '14). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 27-32. DOI=http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2666642.2666650

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1145/2666642.2666650
Book titleProceedings of the 7th Workshop on Eye Gaze in Intelligent Human Machine Interaction: Eye-Gaze & Multimodality
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/84y04

Download files


First submitted version
  • 45
    total views
  • 5
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 2
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Knowledge management for the micro enterprise: a taxonomy
Hall, S., Smith, S., Baskent, C. and De Raffaele, C. 2023. Knowledge management for the micro enterprise: a taxonomy. Matos, F. and Rosa, A. (ed.) 24th European Conference on Knowledge Management. Lisboa, Portugal 07 - 08 Sep 2023 Academic Conferences International. https://doi.org/10.34190/eckm.24.1.1268
Reducing the dependency of having prior domain knowledge for effective online information retrieval
Zammit, O., Smith, S., Windridge, D. and De Raffaele, C. 2023. Reducing the dependency of having prior domain knowledge for effective online information retrieval. Expert systems. 40 (4). https://doi.org/10.1111/exsy.13014
Designing a marker set for vertical tangible user interfaces
Attard, G., De Raffaele, C. and Smith, S. 2021. Designing a marker set for vertical tangible user interfaces. 10th ICIT 2021: Advanced Machine Learning and Deep Learning. Amman, Jordan 14 - 15 Jul 2021 IEEE. pp. 974-979 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICIT52682.2021.9491659
Exposing students to new terminologies while collecting browsing search data (best technical paper)
Zammit, O., Smith, S., Windridge, D. and De Raffaele, C. 2020. Exposing students to new terminologies while collecting browsing search data (best technical paper). 40th SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI 2020. Cambridge, UK 15 - 17 Dec 2020 Cham Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63799-6_1
Exposing knowledge: providing a real-time view of the domain under study for students
Zammit, O., De Raffaele, C., Smith, S. and Petridis, M. 2019. Exposing knowledge: providing a real-time view of the domain under study for students. Bramer, M. and Petridis, M. (ed.) AI-2019 Thirty-ninth SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Cambridge, United Kingdom 17 - 19 Dec 2019 Springer. pp. 122-135 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-34885-4_9
TangiBoard: a toolkit to reduce the implementation burden of Tangible User Interfaces in education
Attard, G., De Raffaele, C. and Smith, S. 2019. TangiBoard: a toolkit to reduce the implementation burden of Tangible User Interfaces in education. The 13th IEEE International Conference Application of Information and Communication Technologies (AICT 2019). Baku, Azerbaijan 23 - 25 Oct 2019 IEEE. pp. 1-7 https://doi.org/10.1109/AICT47866.2019.8981773
An active tangible user interface framework for teaching and learning artificial intelligence
De Raffaele, C., Smith, S. and Gemikonakli, O. 2018. An active tangible user interface framework for teaching and learning artificial intelligence. ACM IUI 2018: 23rd ACM Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces. Tokyo, Japan 07 - 11 Mar 2018 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). pp. 535-546 https://doi.org/10.1145/3172944.3172976
Testing literacy educational software to develop design guidelines for children with Autism
Tuedor, M., Franco, F., White, T., Smith, S. and Adams, R. 2018. Testing literacy educational software to develop design guidelines for children with Autism. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education. 66 (1), pp. 19-35. https://doi.org/10.1080/1034912X.2018.1450494
Enabling the effective teaching and learning of advanced robotics in higher education using an active TUI framework
De Raffaele, C., Smith, S. and Gemikonakli, O. 2017. Enabling the effective teaching and learning of advanced robotics in higher education using an active TUI framework. 3rd Africa and Middle East Conference on Software Engineering. Cairo, Egypt 12 - 13 Dec 2017 ACM Press. pp. 7-12 https://doi.org/10.1145/3178298.3178299
Bridging the digital divide for e-learning students through adaptive VLEs
Spiteri, C., De Raffaele, C. and Smith, S. 2017. Bridging the digital divide for e-learning students through adaptive VLEs. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Teaching, Assessment, and Learning for Engineering (TALE 2016). Bangkok, Thailand 07 - 09 Dec 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 210-217 https://doi.org/10.1109/TALE.2016.7851796
The application of Tangible User Interfaces of teaching and learning in Higher Education
De Raffaele, C., Smith, S. and Gemikonakli, O. 2017. The application of Tangible User Interfaces of teaching and learning in Higher Education. in: Branch, J., Hayes, S., Hørsted, A. and Nygaard, C. (ed.) Innovative Teaching and Learning in Higher Education Oxfordshire, UK Libri Publishing. pp. 215-226
Explaining multi-threaded task scheduling using tangible user interfaces in higher educational contexts
De Raffaele, C., Smith, S. and Gemikonakli, O. 2017. Explaining multi-threaded task scheduling using tangible user interfaces in higher educational contexts. IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON 2017). Athens, Greece 25 - 28 Apr 2017 IEEE. pp. 1383-1390 https://doi.org/10.1109/EDUCON.2017.7943028
Teaching and learning queueing theory concepts using tangible user interfaces
De Raffaele, C., Smith, S. and Gemikonakli, O. 2016. Teaching and learning queueing theory concepts using tangible user interfaces. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Teaching, Assessment, and Learning for Engineering (TALE 2016). Bangkok, Thailand 07 - 09 Dec 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 194-201 https://doi.org/10.1109/TALE.2016.7851794
The aptness of tangible user interfaces for explaining abstract computer network principles
De Raffaele, C., Smith, S. and Gemikonakli, O. 2016. The aptness of tangible user interfaces for explaining abstract computer network principles. FIE 2016 -The 46th Annual Frontiers in Education (FIE) Conference. Erie, PA, USA 12 - 15 Oct 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2016.7757573
Evaluating an intelligent Q&A system for mobile cultural learning
Doumanis, I. and Smith, S. 2015. Evaluating an intelligent Q&A system for mobile cultural learning. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Future Intelligent Educational Environments. 1 (2). https://doi.org/10.4108/fiee.1.2.e3
Cross-cultural system design strategy: avoiding problems in usability evaluation
Jagne, J., Duncker-Gassen, E. and Smith, S. 2006. Cross-cultural system design strategy: avoiding problems in usability evaluation. IADIS WWW/Internet International Conference 2006. Murcia, Spain pp. 88-92
Beyond Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) rapid prototyping of a Q&A system
Doumanis, I. and Smith, S. 2013. Beyond Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML) rapid prototyping of a Q&A system. The 9th International Conference on Intelligent Environments – IE'13 – Future Intelligent Educational Environments. Athens
The use of social networking sites in eLearning
De Raffaele, C., Bugeja, L. and Smith, S. 2015. The use of social networking sites in eLearning. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic and Management Engineering. 9 (4), pp. 1223-1228.
An expert review of REVERIE and its potential for game-based learning
Doumanis, I., Porter, S., Economou, D. and Smith, S. 2015. An expert review of REVERIE and its potential for game-based learning. Preuveneers, D. (ed.) The 11th International Conference on Intelligent Environments - IE'15. Prague 13 - 14 Jul 2015 IOS Press. pp. 306-313 https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-530-2-306
Assessment techniques in cross-cultural usability evaluation
Jagne, J., Smith, S. and Duncker-Gassen, E. 2006. Assessment techniques in cross-cultural usability evaluation. IADIS WWW/Internet International Conference 2006. Murcia, Spain
Intelligent environments simulations, towards a smart campus
Campuzano, F., Doumanis, I., Smith, S. and Botia, J. 2014. Intelligent environments simulations, towards a smart campus. The University as a Context Platform, Workshop. University of West London, London, United Kingdom 14 Nov 2014 https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.3141.3447
An empirical study on the effects of embodied conversational agents on user retention performance and perception in a simulated mobile environment
Doumanis, I. and Smith, S. 2013. An empirical study on the effects of embodied conversational agents on user retention performance and perception in a simulated mobile environment. Botía, J. and Charitos, D. (ed.) The 9th International Conference on Intelligent Environments (IE'13). Athens, Greece IOS Press. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-286-8-431
Embedded writing instruction in the first year curriculum
Bernaschina, P. and Smith, S. 2012. Embedded writing instruction in the first year curriculum. Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education.
Evaluating the impact of ECAs on user navigation performance and perception
Doumanis, I. and Smith, S. 2013. Evaluating the impact of ECAs on user navigation performance and perception. 13th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents. Edinburgh, United Kingdom 29 - 31 Aug 2013 Springer. pp. 474-475
Embedding information literacy skills as employability attributes
Smith, S. and Edwards, J. 2012. Embedding information literacy skills as employability attributes. LILAC 2012. Glasgow, Scotland 11 - 13 Apr 2012
Embedding information literacy skills as employability attributes
Smith, S. and Edwards, J. 2012. Embedding information literacy skills as employability attributes. ALISS Quarterly. 7 (4), pp. 22-27.
Human-computer interaction: users, tasks and designs
Adams, R. and Smith, S. 2005. Human-computer interaction: users, tasks and designs. London Middlesex University Press.
Paradigms, technology and demand characteristics for universal access: can we treat different technologies the same?
Adams, R. and Smith, S. 2005. Paradigms, technology and demand characteristics for universal access: can we treat different technologies the same? in: HCI international 2005 11th international conference on human-computer interaction: proceedings. Mahwah, NJ. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates..