The effect of temperature on the viability of human mesenchymal stem cells

Article


Reissis, Y., García-Gareta, E., Korda, M., Blunn, G. and Hua, J. 2013. The effect of temperature on the viability of human mesenchymal stem cells. Stem Cell Research & Therapy. 4 (6), p. 139. https://doi.org/10.1186/scrt350
TypeArticle
TitleThe effect of temperature on the viability of human mesenchymal stem cells
AuthorsReissis, Y., García-Gareta, E., Korda, M., Blunn, G. and Hua, J.
Abstract

Introduction
Impaction allograft with cement is a common technique used in revision hip surgeries for the last 20 years. However, its clinical results are inconsistent. Recent studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded onto allograft can enhance bone formation. This in vitro study investigates whether the increase in temperature related to the polymerisation of bone cement will affect the viability of human MSCs.
Methods
The viability of human MSCs was measured after incubating them at temperatures of 38°C, 48°C and 58°C; durations 45 seconds, 80 seconds and 150 seconds. A control group was kept at 37°C and 5% carbon dioxide for the duration of the investigation (7 days). During the course of the study the human MSCs were analysed for cell metabolic activity using the alamarBlue™ assay, cell viability using both Trypan Blue dye exclusion and calcein staining under fluorescent microscopy, and necrosis and apoptosis using Annexin V and propidium iodide for flow cytometric analysis. A one-way analysis of variance with a priori Dunnett’s test was used to indicate the differences between the treatment groups, when analysed against the control. This identified conditions with a significant difference in cell metabolic activity (alamarBlue™) and cell viability (Trypan Blue).
Results
Results showed that cell metabolism was not severely affected up to 48°C/150 seconds, while cells in the 58°C group died. Similar results were shown using Trypan Blue and calcein analysis for cell viability. No significant difference in apoptosis and necrosis of the cells was observed when human MSCs treated at 48°C/150 seconds were compared with the control group.
Conclusions
The study suggests that human MSCs seeded onto allograft can be exposed to temperatures up to 48°C for 150 seconds. Exposure to this temperature for this time period is unlikely to occur during impaction allograft surgery when cement is used. Therefore, in many situations, the addition of human MSCs to cemented impaction grafting may be carried out without detrimental effects to the cells. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that this can enhance new bone formation and repair the defects in revision situations.

PublisherBioMed Central
JournalStem Cell Research & Therapy
ISSN1757-6512
Publication dates
Print15 Nov 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited28 May 2015
Accepted11 Nov 2013
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
Copyright Statement

© Reissis et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Additional information

Article number = 139

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/scrt350
LanguageEnglish
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