Body weight and labour market outcomes in post-Soviet Russia


Huffman, S. and Rizov, M. 2014. Body weight and labour market outcomes in post-Soviet Russia. International Journal of Manpower. 35 (5), pp. 671-687.
TitleBody weight and labour market outcomes in post-Soviet Russia
AuthorsHuffman, S. and Rizov, M.

Purpose: The paper focuses on the impacts of overweight and obesity on the probability of employment, wages, and the incidence of sick-leave days by gender, in Russia, over the transition period, 1994-2005. Approach: We use panel data and appropriate instrumental variables techniques to estimate a set of three models. Findings: The results show a linear negative effect of BMI on probability of employment for women and positive effect for men. We did not find evidence of wage penalty for higher BMI, a result different from findings of several studies on developed market economies. There is also positive impact of BMI on the number of work days missed due to health problems for women. Value: Our results derived in transition context add evidence to the growing obesity and labour-market outcomes literature emphasising the relative importance of the labour supply side compared to the demand side. The policy implications of our study are gender specific.

KeywordsGender data analysis, Determinants, Economics, Earnings, Labour market, Discrimination in employment, Eastern Europe
PublisherMCB University Press
JournalInternational Journal of Manpower
Publication dates
PrintJul 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited07 Nov 2014
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
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