The effects of a single whole-body cryotherapy exposure on physiological, performance and perceptual responses of professional academy soccer players following repeated sprint exercise

Article


Russell, M., Birch, J., Love, T., Cook, C., Bracken, R., Taylor, T., Swift, E., Cockburn, E., Finn, C., Cunningham, D., Wilson, L. and Kilduff, L. 2017. The effects of a single whole-body cryotherapy exposure on physiological, performance and perceptual responses of professional academy soccer players following repeated sprint exercise. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31 (2), pp. 415-421. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001505
TypeArticle
TitleThe effects of a single whole-body cryotherapy exposure on physiological, performance and perceptual responses of professional academy soccer players following repeated sprint exercise
AuthorsRussell, M., Birch, J., Love, T., Cook, C., Bracken, R., Taylor, T., Swift, E., Cockburn, E., Finn, C., Cunningham, D., Wilson, L. and Kilduff, L.
Abstract

In professional youth soccer players, the physiological, performance and perceptual effects of a single whole body cryotherapy (WBC) session performed shortly after repeated sprint exercise were investigated. In a randomized, counter-balanced and crossover design, 14 habituated English Premier League academy soccer players performed 15 x 30 m sprints (each followed by a 10 m forced deceleration) on two occasions. Within 20 min of exercise cessation, players entered a WBC chamber (Cryo: 30 s at -60°C, 120 s at -135°C) or remained seated (Con) indoors in temperate conditions (~25°C). Blood and saliva samples, peak power output (countermovement jump) and perceptual indices of recovery and soreness were assessed pre-exercise and immediately, 2 h and 24 h post exercise. When compared to Con, a greater testosterone response was observed at 2 h (+32.5 ± 32.3 pg·ml-1, +21%) and 24 h (+50.4 ± 48.9 pg·ml-1, +28%) post-exercise (both P=0.002) in Cryo (trial x treatment interaction: P=0.001). No between trial differences were observed for other salivary (cortisol and testosterone/cortisol ratio), blood (lactate and Creatine Kinase), performance (peak power output) or perceptual (recovery or soreness) markers (all trial x treatment interactions: P>0.05); all of which were influenced by exercise (time effects: all P<0.05). A single session of WBC performed within 20 min of repeated sprint exercise elevated testosterone concentrations for 24 h but did not affect any other performance, physiological or perceptual measurements taken. While unclear, WBC may be efficacious for professional soccer players during congested fixture periods.

Keywordscreatine kinase; fatigue; football; muscle damage; peak power output
Research GroupPhysiology at the London Sport Institute
LanguageEnglish
PublisherLippincott, Williams and Wilkins
JournalThe Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
ISSN1064-8011
Electronic1533-4287
Publication dates
Print01 Feb 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited10 Jun 2016
Accepted12 May 2016
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Russell, M., Birch, J., Love, T., Cook, C. J., Bracken, R. M., Taylor, T., … Kilduff, L. P. (2017). The effects of a single whole body cryotherapy exposure on physiological, performance and perceptual responses of professional academy soccer players following repeated sprint exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (2) pp. 415-421. doi:10.1519/jsc.0000000000001505

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001505
PubMed ID27227791
Web of Science identifierWOS:000393766100021
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