Running event, age and competitive level as predictors of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived body composition and bone health markers in female runners

Article


Wilson, L. and Curtis, C. 2024. Running event, age and competitive level as predictors of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived body composition and bone health markers in female runners. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004773
TypeArticle
TitleRunning event, age and competitive level as predictors of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived body composition and bone health markers in female runners
AuthorsWilson, L. and Curtis, C.
Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of running discipline, competitive level (COMP), and age on body composition measures in female athletes. A total of n=51 female runners (age: 30.9 ± 5.7 years, stature: 166.7 ± 5.7 cm, body mass (BM): 57.1 ± 8.2 kg) completed a full body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan in a cross-sectional design. One-way ANOVA or Kruskal–Wallis was used to identify differences in DXA measures and independent variables. Stepwise regression determined the contribution of independent variables on DXA measures. Body fat percentage (BF%) and fat mass (FM) differed based on COMP (BF%: H(2) = 17.451; FM: H(2) = 17.406, both p≤0.0001). COMP modestly predicted BF% and FM (BF%: R2adj = 0.316, F(1,50) = 22.660; FM: R2adj = 0.300, F(1,50) = 21.029, both p≤0.0001). Bone mineral density (BMD) and BMD Z-score (BMDZ) did not differ between age, running discipline or COMP (Age: BMD: F(2,50) = 2.825, BMDZ: F(2,50) = 2.215; running discipline: BMD: F(3,50) = 1.145, BMDZ: F(3,50) = 1.474; COMP: BMD: F(2,50) = 0.074, BMDZ: F(2,50) = 1.297, all p≤0.05). Age and running discipline modestly predicted BMD and BMDZ (BMD: R2adj = 0.179, F(1,50) = 5.264; BMDZ: R2adj = 0.173, F(1,50) = 4.545, both p≤0.05). These findings indicate COMP may be a predictor of BF% and FM. Age and running discipline appear predictors of bone health markers. Such findings may enable medical and sport science practitioners to tailor interventions relating to realisation of training adaptations, performance and health.

KeywordsDXA; Lean Mass; Bone Mineral Density; Endurance Athletes
Sustainable Development Goals3 Good health and well-being
Middlesex University ThemeHealth & Wellbeing
PublisherLippincott, Williams and Wilkins
JournalThe Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
ISSN1064-8011
Electronic1533-4287
Publication dates
Online09 Apr 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted05 Jan 2024
Deposited14 Feb 2024
Output statusIn press
Copyright Statement

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. The published version of record Wilson, Laura Jane1; Curtis, Christopher2. Running Event, Age, and Competitive Level as Predictors of Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry–Derived Body Composition and Bone Health Markers in Female Runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research ():, April 9, 2024. | DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000004773 is available online at:https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004773

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004773
LanguageEnglish
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