Managing complex fires in urban environments: a tale of two cultures

Conference paper


Okoli, J., Watt, J. and Weller, G. 2016. Managing complex fires in urban environments: a tale of two cultures. International Conference on Urban Risks (ICUR 2016). Lisbon, Portugal 30 Jun - 02 Jul 2016 CERU - European Centre of Urban Risks. pp. 531-538
TypeConference paper
TitleManaging complex fires in urban environments: a tale of two cultures
AuthorsOkoli, J., Watt, J. and Weller, G.
Abstract

Prior research has examined how experienced fireground commanders make task related decisions under a range of unfavourable conditions, however gaps still exist in the literature when there is need to evaluate the coping strategies of incident commanders across different urban environments. There was rarely any study found to have explored cross-cultural differences that exist between two or more fire services with distinct cultural orientations. This paper reports findings from a study that compared firefighting approaches used by the UK and Nigerian firefighters. Thirty experienced officers were interviewed (UK=15, Nigeria =15) using the critical decision method, and retrospective incident reports were collected and analysed. As expected, results revealed that the UK fire service are significantly better equipped with advanced equipment compared to their Nigerian counterparts who often make improvisations using relatively unsafe methods. However, evidence was found to suggest that the Nigerian officers are culturally biased towards the use of certain firefighting equipment. The implications of these cultural differences for practice are discussed.

Research GroupCentre for Decision Analysis and Risk Management (DARM)
LanguageEnglish
ConferenceInternational Conference on Urban Risks (ICUR 2016)
Page range531-538
ISBN
Hardcover9789899509412
PublisherCERU - European Centre of Urban Risks
Publication dates
Print01 Jul 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited01 Aug 2016
Accepted12 May 2016
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

Permission granted on 30/08/16, by the ICUR 2016 Conference Secretariat to make the full text of the accepted manuscript version available in the Middlesex University Research Repository.

Additional information

Conference paper published as:
Okoli, Justin and Watt, John and Weller, Gordon (2016) Managing complex fires in urban environments: a tale of two cultures. In: ICUR2016 Proceedings - International Conference on Urban Risks. Teves-Costa P., D. Quino & R.A.C. Garcia (Ed.), CERU - European Centre of Urban Risks, Lisbon, pp. 531-538.

Web address (URL)http://www.ceru-europa.pt/icur2016/ICUR2016_Proceedings.pdf
Book titleICUR 2016 Proceedings - International Conference on Urban Risks
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