Using virtual avatars to explore the impact of instructors' gender, race, and qualification on perceived learning in an online classroom

Conference item


Lamba, N., Kishore, S. and Khokhlova, O. 2022. Using virtual avatars to explore the impact of instructors' gender, race, and qualification on perceived learning in an online classroom. The 10th European Conference on Education. London, UK 14 - 17 Jul 2022
TitleUsing virtual avatars to explore the impact of instructors' gender, race, and qualification on perceived learning in an online classroom
AuthorsLamba, N., Kishore, S. and Khokhlova, O.
Abstract

There is substantial evidence that students' perceptions and evaluations of instructors are influenced by their expectations and implicit biases, which further impacts their learning and motivation in higher education. Two ongoing studies with an experimental design examine the impact of A) gender (male, female) and race (South Asian, White) and B) gender and qualifications (MA, Ph.D.) on perceived learning and interest in further learning from the same lecturer. 220 and 325 UAE-based students, respectively, were shown a video of an avatar delivering a short online lecture. Virtual avatars' characteristics were manipulated one at a time while keeping content, tone, delivery, environment, and overall appearance consistent. In the first study, gender and race did not significantly facilitate learning. A non-significant trend suggested that participants showed greater interest in further learning from a male lecturer F (1, 220) = 3.12, p = 0.07, while race remained not significant. Gender and qualification, when race was fixed to South Asian, also did not significantly facilitate learning. However, a significant cross-over interaction F (1, 321) = 6.43, p = .01 showed that participants had a greater interest in further learning from a female lecturer with M.A. and a male lecturer with a Ph.D. In line with previous research, findings indicate gender disparity based on educational qualifications. Importantly race does not show discriminatory bias. Given there is limited information in the context of Middle East and South Asia, findings highlight differences specific to the region. Analysis with the full dataset will be presented at the conference.

Middlesex University ThemeSustainability
LanguageEnglish
ConferenceThe 10th European Conference on Education
Publication dates
Print14 Jun 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Oct 2022
Accepted14 Apr 2022
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