Low cost air quality monitoring: Comparing the energy consumption of an arduino against a raspberry Pi based system

Conference paper


Okigbo, C., Seeam, A., Guness, S., Bellekens, X., Bekaroo, G. and Ramsurrun, V. 2020. Low cost air quality monitoring: Comparing the energy consumption of an arduino against a raspberry Pi based system. Madhavje, K. and Soyjaudah, S. (ed.) ICONIC: 2020 International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications. Plaine Magnien, Mauritius 24 - 25 Sep 2020 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). pp. 1-8 https://doi.org/10.1145/3415088.3415124
TypeConference paper
TitleLow cost air quality monitoring: Comparing the energy consumption of an arduino against a raspberry Pi based system
AuthorsOkigbo, C., Seeam, A., Guness, S., Bellekens, X., Bekaroo, G. and Ramsurrun, V.
Abstract

Air pollution is one of the great challenges facing modern cities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 80% of people living in cities with air quality monitoring facilities are living in conditions where the quality of the air is well beyond the limits set out in the air quality guidelines. As more and more people are projected to move into urban areas by 2050, this problem is going to keep on increasing. A possible solution could be the advent of Smart Cities. One of the objectives of Smart Cities is to provide a better living environment to its inhabitants. With the Internet of Things providing easily deployable, low power, low cost air quality monitoring sensors and the resources to process the huge amount of data collected, this objective could be reached. In this paper, we propose an evaluation of the power consumption of two low cost air quality monitoring systems - one based on an Arduino and the other on a Raspberry Pi system. The air quality systems proposed are based on off-the shelf hardware and are easy to assemble and maintain. The proposed systems use Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) to transmit data while being collected through a mobile app on a smartphone. The data was collected for five days and it was found by performing an ANOVA on the power consumption that there was a significant difference in the mean energy consumption of the two systems.

KeywordsIoT; air quality; energy consumption; monitoring; smart cities
LanguageEnglish
Conference ICONIC: 2020 International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications
Page range1-8
Proceedings TitleICONIC '20: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications
EditorsMadhavje, K. and Soyjaudah, S.
ISBN
Hardcover9781450375580
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Publication dates
Online24 Sep 2020
Print24 Sep 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited05 Oct 2020
Submitted31 May 2020
Accepted15 Jul 2020
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Open
Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2020 ACM. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications, https://doi.org/10.1145/3415088.3415124

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1145/3415088.3415124
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85092281210
Web address (URL) of conference proceedingshttps://dl.acm.org/doi/proceedings/10.1145/3415088
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Teckchandani, N., Santokhee, A. and Bekaroo, G. 2019. AIML and sequence-to-sequence models to build artificial intelligence chatbots: insights from a comparative analysis. Second International Conference on Emerging Trends in Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering (ELECOM 2018). Mauritius 28 - 30 Nov 2018 Cham Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18240-3_30
Knowledge sharing in academia: a case study using a SECI model approach
Faith, C. and Seeam, A. 2018. Knowledge sharing in academia: a case study using a SECI model approach. Journal of Education. 9 (1), pp. 53-70.
Augmented-reality computer-vision assisted disaggregated energy monitoring and IoT control platform
Purmaissur, J., Towakel, P., Guness, S., Seeam, A. and Bellekens, X. 2018. Augmented-reality computer-vision assisted disaggregated energy monitoring and IoT control platform. 2018 International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications (ICONIC). Mon Tresor, Mauritius 06 - 07 Dec 2018 IEEE. pp. 1-6 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICONIC.2018.8601199
Air quality monitoring in Mauritius
Towakel, P., Guness, S., Seeam, A., Bekaroo, G. and Bellekens, X. 2018. Air quality monitoring in Mauritius. 2018 International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications (ICONIC). Mon Tresor, Mauritius 06 - 07 Dec 2018 IEEE. pp. 1-5 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICONIC.2018.8601245
Cloud robotics platforms: review and comparative analysis
Dawarka, V. and Bekaroo, G. 2018. Cloud robotics platforms: review and comparative analysis. MAURICON: 2018 International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications (ICONIC). Plaine Magnien, Mauritius 06 - 07 Dec 2018 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 1-6 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICONIC.2018.8601220
Cloud robotic architectures: directions for future research from a comparative analysis
Dawarka, V. and Bekaroo, G. 2018. Cloud robotic architectures: directions for future research from a comparative analysis. MAURICON: 2018 International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications (ICONIC). Plaine Magnien, Mauritius 06 - 07 Dec 2018 IEEE. pp. 1-7 https://doi.org/10.1109/iconic.2018.8601264
Enhancing awareness on green consumption of electronic devices: The application of Augmented Reality
Bekaroo, G., Sungkur, R., Ramsamy, P., Okolo, A. and Moedeen, W. 2018. Enhancing awareness on green consumption of electronic devices: The application of Augmented Reality. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. 30, pp. 279-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2018.10.016
Towards improving the security of low-interaction honeypots: insights from a comparative analysis
Zakari, A., Lawan, A.A. and Bekaroo, G. 2017. Towards improving the security of low-interaction honeypots: insights from a comparative analysis. Fleming, P., Vyas, N., Sanei, S. and Deb, K. (ed.) ELECOM 2016. Bagatelle, Mauritius 25 - 27 Nov 2016 Springer. pp. 314-321 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52171-8_28
A hybrid three-phased approach in requirement elicitation
Zakari, A., Lawan, A.A. and Bekaroo, G. 2017. A hybrid three-phased approach in requirement elicitation. Fleming, P., Vyas, N., Sanei, S. and Deb, K. (ed.) ELECOM 2016. Bagatelle, Mauritius 25 - 27 Nov 2016 Springer. pp. 331-340 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52171-8_30
Cam-Wallet: fingerprint-based authentication in M-wallets using embedded cameras
Okpara, O.S. and Bekaroo, G. 2017. Cam-Wallet: fingerprint-based authentication in M-wallets using embedded cameras. IEEE 17th EEEIC and IEEE 1st I&CPS Europe. Milan, Italy 06 - 09 Jun 2017 IEEE. pp. 1-5 https://doi.org/10.1109/eeeic.2017.7977654
JarPi: A low-cost raspberry pi based personal assistant for small-scale fishermen
Vora, M., Bekaroo, G., Santokhee, A., Juddoo, S. and Roopowa, D. 2017. JarPi: A low-cost raspberry pi based personal assistant for small-scale fishermen. IEEE 4th International Conference on Soft Computing and Machine Intelligence (ISCMI). Port Louis, Mauritius 23 - 24 Nov 2017 IEEE. pp. 159-163 https://doi.org/10.1109/iscmi.2017.8279618
Fruitify: Nutritionally augmenting fruits through markerless-based augmented reality
Kulpy, A. and Bekaroo, G. 2017. Fruitify: Nutritionally augmenting fruits through markerless-based augmented reality. IEEE 4th International Conference on Soft Computing and Machine Intelligence (ISCMI). Port Louis, Mauritius 23 - 24 Nov 2017 IEEE. pp. 149-153 https://doi.org/10.1109/iscmi.2017.8279616
Exploring the application and usability of NFC for promoting self-learning on energy consumption of household electronic appliances
Ramrecha, V., Bekaroo, G., Santokhee, A. and Juddoo, S. 2017. Exploring the application and usability of NFC for promoting self-learning on energy consumption of household electronic appliances. IEEE 4th International Conference on Soft Computing and Machine Intelligence (ISCMI). Port Louis, Mauritius 23 - 24 Nov 2017 IEEE. pp. 154-158 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISCMI.2017.8279617
Sustaining anti-littering behavior within coastal and marine environments: through the macro-micro level lenses
Beeharry, Y.D., Bekaroo, G., Bokhoree, C., Phillips, M.R. and Jory, N. 2017. Sustaining anti-littering behavior within coastal and marine environments: through the macro-micro level lenses. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 119 (2), pp. 87-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.04.029
A study on situational awareness security and privacy of wearable health monitoring devices
Bellekens, X., Nieradzinska, K., Bellekens, A., Seeam, P., Hamilton, A. and Seeam, A. 2016. A study on situational awareness security and privacy of wearable health monitoring devices. International Journal on Cyber Situational Awareness (IJCSA). 1 (1), pp. 74-96. https://doi.org/10.22619/ijcsa.2016.100104
Onto smart city applications
Seeam, A. 2016. Onto smart city applications. World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD). Mauritius 18 May 2016
X-Secure: Protecting users from big bad wolves
Binnie, R., McLean, C., Seeam, A. and Bellekens, X. 2016. X-Secure: Protecting users from big bad wolves. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech). Balaclava, Mauritius 03 - 06 Aug 2016 IEEE. pp. 158-161 https://doi.org/10.1109/EmergiTech.2016.7737330
Managing knowledge flows in Mauritian multinational corporations: empirical analysis using the SECI model
Uwasomba, C., Seeam, P., Bellekens, X. and Seeam, A. 2016. Managing knowledge flows in Mauritian multinational corporations: empirical analysis using the SECI model. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech). Balaclava, Mauritius 03 - 06 Aug 2016 IEEE. pp. 341-344 https://doi.org/10.1109/EmergiTech.2016.7737363
Knowledge-based management systems for the police force
Olarinoye, O., Seeam, P., Bellekens, X. and Seeam, A. 2016. Knowledge-based management systems for the police force. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech). Balaclava, Mauritius 03 - 06 Aug 2016 IEEE. pp. 214-217 https://doi.org/10.1109/EmergiTech.2016.7737341
Gesture based IoT light control for smart clothing
Mohammed, A., Seeam, A., Bellekens, X., Nieradzinska, K. and Ramsurrun, V. 2016. Gesture based IoT light control for smart clothing. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech). Balaclava, Mauritius 03 - 06 Aug 2016 IEEE. pp. 139-142 https://doi.org/10.1109/EmergiTech.2016.7737326
Self-tuning flowcharts: a priority-based approach to optimize diagnostic flowcharts
Bekaroo, G. and Warren, P. 2016. Self-tuning flowcharts: a priority-based approach to optimize diagnostic flowcharts. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech). Balaclava, Mauritius 03 - 06 Aug 2016 IEEE. pp. 279-285 https://doi.org/10.1109/emergitech.2016.7737352
Power consumption of the Raspberry Pi: A comparative analysis
Bekaroo, G. and Santokhee, A. 2016. Power consumption of the Raspberry Pi: A comparative analysis. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech). Balaclava, Mauritius 03 - 06 Aug 2016 IEEE. pp. 361-366 https://doi.org/10.1109/emergitech.2016.7737367
Improving wireless charging energy efficiency of mobile phones: analysis of key practices
Bekaroo, G. and Seeam, A. 2016. Improving wireless charging energy efficiency of mobile phones: analysis of key practices. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech). Balaclava, Mauritius 03 - 06 Aug 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 357-360 https://doi.org/10.1109/emergitech.2016.7737366
Impacts of ICT on the natural ecosystem: A grassroot analysis for promoting socio-environmental sustainability
Bekaroo, G., Bokhoree, C. and Pattinson, C. 2016. Impacts of ICT on the natural ecosystem: A grassroot analysis for promoting socio-environmental sustainability. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 57, pp. 1580-1595. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.147
Cyber-physical-security model for safety-critical IoT infrastructures
Bellekens, X., Seeam, A., Nieradzinska, K., Tachtatzis, C., Cleary, A., Atkinson, R. and Andonovic, I. 2015. Cyber-physical-security model for safety-critical IoT infrastructures. Wireless World Research Forum Meeting. Denmark 13 - 14 Oct 2015
A decision support framework for proactive maintenance of water and wastewater systems
Nieradzinska, K., Tachtatzis, C., Atkinson, R., Konka, J., Seeam, A., Stankovic, L., Andonovic, I., White, R., Haffey, M. and Cleary, A. 2015. A decision support framework for proactive maintenance of water and wastewater systems. World Water Congress XV-International Water Resources Association (IWRA). Scotland
Cisco: next generation connected lighting
Seeam, A. 2015. Cisco: next generation connected lighting. All Energy 2015. SECC, Glasgow 15 May 2015
Personal carbon footprint reduction: ICT as a key enabler
Bekaroo, G., Moedeen, W., Bokhoree, C. and Ramsamy, P. 2015. Personal carbon footprint reduction: ICT as a key enabler. ERPBSS 2015: Third International Conference on Emerging Research Paradigms in Business and Social Sciences. Dubai, UAE 24 - 26 Nov 2015
Green cryptography: energy performance optimization of 3DES
Musumhiri, M., Bekaroo, G. and Ramsurrun, V. 2015. Green cryptography: energy performance optimization of 3DES. ERPBSS 2015: Third International Conference on Emerging Research Paradigms in Business and Social Sciences. Dubai, UAE 24 - 26 Nov 2015 pp. 554-558
Improving energy efficiency with smart home appliance decision support tools
Seeam, A., Liao, J., Stankovic, L. and Stankovic, V. 2013. Improving energy efficiency with smart home appliance decision support tools. 7th International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting (EEDAL). Coimbra, Portugal 11 - 13 Sep 2013
The application of BIM in volumetric construction
Seeam, A., Zheng, T., Lu, Y., Usmani, A. and Laurenson, D. 2012. The application of BIM in volumetric construction. ZEMCH 2012 International Conference. Glasgow, UK 20 - 22 Aug 2012 pp. 61-71
Computer power management awareness: an insight from youngsters in Mauritius
Bekaroo, G., Akhal, S., Padaruth, D., Bokhoree, C. and Pattinson, C. 2012. Computer power management awareness: an insight from youngsters in Mauritius. Arabnia, H., Gravvanis, G. and Solo, A. (ed.) International Conference on Foundation of Computer Science (FCS'12), The 2012 World Congress in Computer Science (WorldComp 2012). Las Vegas 16 - 19 Jul 2012 CSREA Press. pp. 120-126
Towards emerging green information and communication technologies: a review
Bekaroo, G. and Bokhoree, C. 2011. Towards emerging green information and communication technologies: a review. The 2011 International Conference on Information and Knowledge Engineering (IKE'11) Conference. Las Vegas, U.S. 18 - 21 Jul 2011
Improved computer input device (G06F3/0238 Programmable keyboards)
Seeam, A. 2008. Improved computer input device (G06F3/0238 Programmable keyboards). WO2007096650A2