Dr Anthony Cullen


Dr Anthony Cullen
NameDr Anthony Cullen
Job titleAssociate Professor in Law
Research institute
Primary appointmentLaw and Social Sciences
Email addressA.T.Cullen@mdx.ac.uk
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6594-8941
Contact categoryResearcher

Biography

Biography

Dr Anthony Cullen is an Associate Professor at the School of Law, Middlesex University, London. Dr Cullen is also a Visiting Professor at the University of Bordeaux, an External Examiner at Dublin City University, a Senior Fellow of the UK Higher Education Academy, and Senior Research Associate at DCU's Centre for Educational Disadvantage. His research interests include the areas of international humanitarian law, international human rights law, the use of contemplative methods in teaching, the decolonization of higher education, and student well-being. On 24 March 2022 he received an award for ‘Outstanding Wellbeing and Student Support’ at the Student-Led Teaching Awards hosted by Middlesex University Students' Union.

Education and qualifications

Grants

Prizes and Awards

Research outputs

The implementation and enforcement of international human rights law: Reflections on the drafting history of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Cullen, A. 2024. The implementation and enforcement of international human rights law: Reflections on the drafting history of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. in: Khan, B. U. and Bhuyain, Md. J. H. (ed.) Human Rights after 75 Years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Reflections from the Global South Leiden, Netherlands Brill | Nijhoff.

Guaranteeing inclusive education under international human rights law: A proposal for the use of structural indicators addressing issues of equality, non-discrimination and wellbeing

Cullen, A. and Downes, P. 2024. Guaranteeing inclusive education under international human rights law: A proposal for the use of structural indicators addressing issues of equality, non-discrimination and wellbeing. in: Downes, P., Li, G., Van Praag, L. and Lamb, S. (ed.) The Routledge International Handbook of Equity and Inclusion in Education Routledge.

Recognition of belligerency under the laws of war

Cullen, A. 2023. Recognition of belligerency under the laws of war. Civil Wars and International Laws: The Irish Civil War 1922-23 and the Evolving Laws of War. Irish Centre for Human Rights, School of Law, University of Galway, Ireland 21 Apr 2023

Contemplative practices in the study and practice of law

Cullen, A., Kerin, L., Singh Dixon, P. and Quinn, E. 2023. Contemplative practices in the study and practice of law. Advancing Wellness in Law: Digital Conversation. United Kingdom 09 Mar 2023

How to conduct research: methodologies and common pitfalls of research

Cullen, A., O'Connor, H. and Iyer, R. 2022. How to conduct research: methodologies and common pitfalls of research. International Conference on Integrative Approaches to Health and Wellbeing. Kanha Shanti Vanam, Hyderabad, India 16 - 18 Dec 2022

The International Rule of Law

Cullen, A. and Gorobets, K. 2022. The International Rule of Law. in: Sayapin, S., Rustam, A., Umesh, K., Kemp, G., Tévar, N. and Quénivet, N. (ed.) International Conflict and Security Law: A Research Handbook The Hague T.M.C Asser Press. pp. 47-66

Meditation and life coaching for law students

Kerin, L. and Cullen, A. 2022. Meditation and life coaching for law students. XXXVIIth International Congress on Law and Mental Health. Lyon, France 03 - 08 Jul 2022

Enlightened management: reflections on spirituality and Its significance for the future of work

Cullen, A. and Singh Dixon, P. 2022. Enlightened management: reflections on spirituality and Its significance for the future of work. in: Sahni, S., Bhatnagar, T. and Gupta, P. (ed.) Spirituality and Management: From Models to Application Singapore Springer. pp. 1-16

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Vision of a Common Humanity

Cullen, A. 2021. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Vision of a Common Humanity. International Webinar on “Full Realisation of Human Rights & Fundamental Freedoms for Society”. Department of Legal Studies, Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, India 10 Dec 2021

Military necessity under international humanitarian law: reflections on the historical origins of the concept

Cullen, A. 2021. Military necessity under international humanitarian law: reflections on the historical origins of the concept. KILAW’s 8th Annual International Conference: The Historical Origins of Legal Theories and Codes. Kuwait International Law School, Kuwait 24 - 25 Nov 2021

Cameras usage in online teaching: reflections on the experience of the 2020-2021 academic year

Kerin, L. and Cullen, A. 2021. Cameras usage in online teaching: reflections on the experience of the 2020-2021 academic year. 2nd Teaching and Learning Conference: New Frontiers in Higher Education Teaching and Learning: Strategy and Planning for the Digital Learning Age. Middlesex University, Dubai - Via Microsoft Teams 16 Jun 2021

Decolonizing Public Law

Cullen, A. 2021. Decolonizing Public Law. in: Tran, D. (ed.) Decolonizing University Teaching and Learning: An Entry Model for Grappling with Complexities London Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 139-143

Time management: self-mastery for law students

Cullen, A. 2021. Time management: self-mastery for law students. Meditation-based skills workshops for academic and personal excellence. O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India 18 Feb 2021

Enlightened management: lessons from the convergence of law and spirituality

Singh Dixon, P. and Cullen, A. 2020. Enlightened management: lessons from the convergence of law and spirituality. Spirituality and Management - From Model to Application 2020. O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India 06 - 07 Mar 2020

Human Rights in Irish foreign policy: reflections on the development of relations with Israel

Cullen, A. and Breslin, A. 2019. Human Rights in Irish foreign policy: reflections on the development of relations with Israel. Research Seminar Series. Sussex Human Rights Research Centre, University of Sussex 11 Dec 2019

Time management and student wellbeing

Cullen, A. 2019. Time management and student wellbeing. Guest Lecture. Student Welfare Group, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India 07 Nov 2019

The Law of War and Changing Character of Armed Conflict: Reflections on the Universality of Humanitarian Concern in light the 70th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions of 1949

Cullen, A. 2019. The Law of War and Changing Character of Armed Conflict: Reflections on the Universality of Humanitarian Concern in light the 70th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions of 1949. Guest Lecture. Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India 06 Nov 2019

The incorporation of meditation into legal education: a personal reflection

Cullen, A. and Kerin, L. 2019. The incorporation of meditation into legal education: a personal reflection. Elevating Consciousness through Meditation for Global Harmony. IIM Bangalore, Bengaluru, India 01 - 03 Aug 2019

The incorporation of meditation into legal education

Cullen, A. and Kerin, L. 2019. The incorporation of meditation into legal education. in: Denley, E. and Kaur, T. (ed.) Consciousness in Management - Consciousness & Meditation: Background, Approaches & Philosophy Telangana, India Heartfulness Education Trust.

Meditation in legal education: the value added toward the well-being of law students

Cullen, A. 2019. Meditation in legal education: the value added toward the well-being of law students. XXXVIth International Congress on Law and Mental Health. Rome, Italy 21 - 26 Jul 2019

Meditation in legal education: The value added toward the well-being of law students

Cullen, A. and Kerin, L. 2019. Meditation in legal education: The value added toward the well-being of law students. in: Strevens, C. and Field, R. (ed.) Educating for Well-Being in Law: Positive Professional Identities and Practice London Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. pp. 158-171

Cultivating a “Reflective Approach” to the practice of law: The use of meditation in legal education

Cullen, A. 2019. Cultivating a “Reflective Approach” to the practice of law: The use of meditation in legal education. Southwestern Law Review. 48 (2), pp. 343-350.

The characterisation of armed conflict and targeted killing of suspected terrorists under international humanitarian law: reflections on the future of Jus in Bello

Mir, S. and Cullen, A. 2019. The characterisation of armed conflict and targeted killing of suspected terrorists under international humanitarian law: reflections on the future of Jus in Bello. Kuwait International Law School Journal. 1440 (4), pp. 353-368.

Management of time: the enhancement of personal and professional efficacy

Cullen, A. 2019. Management of time: the enhancement of personal and professional efficacy. Guest Lecture. Vienna International Centre, Vienna, Austria 16 May 2019

The characterisation of armed conflict and targeted killing under international humanitarian law: reflections on the future of Jus in Bello

Cullen, A. and Mir, S. 2019. The characterisation of armed conflict and targeted killing under international humanitarian law: reflections on the future of Jus in Bello. KILAW’s 6th Annual International Conference: Contemporary Legal Developments: Issues and Challenges. Kuwait International Law School, Kuwait 01 - 02 May 2019

Exploring the impact of contemplative methods in HE learning and teaching

Siebers, J., Cullen, A., Guest, C., Kerin, L., Peyrefitte, M., Rodriguez, S. and Seoighe, R. 2018. Exploring the impact of contemplative methods in HE learning and teaching. 2018 Annual Learning and Teaching Conference: Pedagogies Fit for 21st Century Learning. Middlesex University, London, UK

International humanitarian law and the changing nature of armed conflict: thoughts on the future development of the law

Cullen, A. 2018. International humanitarian law and the changing nature of armed conflict: thoughts on the future development of the law. Emerging Trends and the Transformation in Contemporary Society: A Global Futuristic Perspective - A Multidisciplinary International Conference. Amity Law School, Noida, India 09 - 10 Aug 2018

International humanitarian law and the changing nature of armed conflict: Reflections on the future development of the law

Cullen, A. 2018. International humanitarian law and the changing nature of armed conflict: Reflections on the future development of the law. Amity International Journal of Legal and Multidisciplinary Studies. 2 (3), pp. 1-5.

Incorporating meditation into legal education: a case study

Cullen, A. and Kerin, L. 2018. Incorporating meditation into legal education: a case study. 53rd Annual Conference of the Association of Law Teachers: Diversity and Innovation. Keele University, United Kingdom 26 - 27 Mar 2018

The role of international criminal law in the development of the law of armed conflict: Reflections on the future of international humanitarian law

Cullen, A. 2018. The role of international criminal law in the development of the law of armed conflict: Reflections on the future of international humanitarian law. Guest Lecture. School of Law, Presidency University, Bangalore, India 08 Jan 2018

Introducing meditation in the context of legal education: reflections on the value added to the study of law and legal practice

Cullen, A. 2018. Introducing meditation in the context of legal education: reflections on the value added to the study of law and legal practice. Training Workshop. Heartfulness Institute, Diamond Jubilee Park, Tiruppur, India 06 - 07 Jan 2018

Enforcement of foreign arbitral awards: a London perspective

Kerin, L. and Cullen, A. 2017. Enforcement of foreign arbitral awards: a London perspective. International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy. 4 (3), pp. 388-398. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJDIPE.2017.10009676

The characterization of remote warfare under international humanitarian law

Cullen, A. 2017. The characterization of remote warfare under international humanitarian law. in: Ohlin, J. (ed.) Research Handbook on Remote Warfare Edward Elgar Press. pp. 110-132

The prosecution of war crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

Cullen, A. 2017. The prosecution of war crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Guest Lecture. Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad, India 26 Sep 2017

Life coaching law students: A holistic approach to motivation and engagement

Kerin, L. and Cullen, A. 2017. Life coaching law students: A holistic approach to motivation and engagement. The Futures of Legal Education Conference 2017. The Open University, Milton Keynes 26 Sep 2017

Spirituality and law: reflections on the universality of humanitarian concern

Cullen, A. 2017. Spirituality and law: reflections on the universality of humanitarian concern. in: Pushpalatha, S., Sathya, V., Sharmila, A. and Venmathi, C. (ed.) Science and Spirituality in Literature L Ordine Nuovo Publication. pp. 303-305

Defining spirituality for the purposes of interdisciplinary research

Cullen, A. 2017. Defining spirituality for the purposes of interdisciplinary research. International Conference on Science and Spirituality. Shri Sakthikailassh Women’s College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India 29 Jul 2017

Preparing a dissertation: legal research methods and methodology

Cullen, A. 2017. Preparing a dissertation: legal research methods and methodology. Guest Lecture. Department of Law, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India 27 Jul 2017

Time management for postgraduate research and the use of meditation to enhance resilience

Cullen, A. 2017. Time management for postgraduate research and the use of meditation to enhance resilience. Guest Lecture. Department of Law, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India 26 Jul 2017

A comparative analysis of US and UK constitutions

Cullen, A. 2017. A comparative analysis of US and UK constitutions. Guest Lecture. Department of Law, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India 25 Jul 2017

The impact of Brexit on the constitution of the UK

Cullen, A. 2017. The impact of Brexit on the constitution of the UK. Guest Lecture. Department of Law, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India 22 Jul 2017

Public international law: general principles

Cullen, A. 2017. Public international law: general principles. Guest Lecture. Department of Law, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India 21 Jul 2017

Time management and the enhancement of personal and professional efficacy

Cullen, A. 2017. Time management and the enhancement of personal and professional efficacy. Workshop hosted by Cognizant UK in association with the Heartfulness Institute. Cognizant UK, Paddington, London 08 Jun 2017

Remote warfare and the characterisation of armed conflict under international humanitarian law

Cullen, A. 2017. Remote warfare and the characterisation of armed conflict under international humanitarian law. Fourth Public International Law Seminar. University of Gothenburg, Sweden 10 May 2017

Cultivating well-being in law students: meditation as a tool for enhancing resilience

Cullen, A. and Kerin, L. 2017. Cultivating well-being in law students: meditation as a tool for enhancing resilience. 52nd Annual Conference of the Association of Law Teachers: Foundations and Futures. University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom 10 - 11 Apr 2017

The use of meditation to inculcate resilience in students of clinical legal education

Cullen, A. and Kerin, L. 2017. The use of meditation to inculcate resilience in students of clinical legal education. Annual Conference of the Socio-legal Studies Association. Newcastle University, United Kingdom 05 - 07 Apr 2017

EU promotion of the use of alternative dispute resolution in “consumer disputes”

Kerin, L. and Cullen, A. 2017. EU promotion of the use of alternative dispute resolution in “consumer disputes”. EU & UAE Conference: Rule of Law and Arbitration. Middlesex University, Dubai 26 Mar 2017

Illicit financial flows and sustainable development: reflections on economic liberalisation, globalisation and the rule of law at national and international levels

Cullen, A. 2017. Illicit financial flows and sustainable development: reflections on economic liberalisation, globalisation and the rule of law at national and international levels. in: Bhat, S. (ed.) Privatization and Globalization: Changing Legal Paradigm Eastern Law House. pp. 18-23

The characterization of armed conflict under international humanitarian law

Cullen, A. 2016. The characterization of armed conflict under international humanitarian law. Conference on "Conflict and Economic Development (ConfEcoDev) 2016". O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India 26 - 27 Sep 2016

Economic liberalisation, globalisation and the rule of law at national and international levels

Cullen, A. 2016. Economic liberalisation, globalisation and the rule of law at national and international levels. International Conference on Liberalisation and Globalisation. NLSIU Bangalore, India 14 - 16 Jul 2016

Time management

Cullen, A. 2016. Time management. Heartfulness Institute Webinar Speaker Series. London, United Kingdom 18 Jun 2016

The international legal context of the 'refugee crisis'

Cullen, A. and Wray, H. 2016. The international legal context of the 'refugee crisis'. Search and rescue at sea: a legal obligation? Humanitarian and legal perspectives on the ‘Refugee Crisis’. Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom 08 Jun 2016

The recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards: a London perspective

Kerin, L. and Cullen, A. 2015. The recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards: a London perspective. Third International Conference on Emerging Research Paradigms in Business and Social Science (ERPBSS). Dubai, United Arab Emirates 24 - 26 Nov 2015

Spirituality and international humanitarian law

Cullen, A. 2015. Spirituality and international humanitarian law. International Conference on Research and Spirituality. Bangalore, India 31 Jul 2015

The characterization of armed conflict in the jurisprudence of the ICC

Cullen, A. 2015. The characterization of armed conflict in the jurisprudence of the ICC. in: Stahn, C. (ed.) The Law and Practice of the International Criminal Court:A Critical Account of Challenges and Achievements Oxford University Press (OUP). pp. 762-777

Targeted killing and characterisation of remote warfare under international humanitarian law

Cullen, A. 2015. Targeted killing and characterisation of remote warfare under international humanitarian law. Annual Conference of the Socio-legal Studies Association. University of Warwick, United Kingdom 31 Mar - 02 Apr 2015

War crimes, international criminal law and contemporary armed conflict: reflections on compliance

Cullen, A. 2014. War crimes, international criminal law and contemporary armed conflict: reflections on compliance. Guest Lecture. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala, India 18 Jul 2014

Increasing compliance with international humanitarian law in non-international armed conflict

Cullen, A. 2014. Increasing compliance with international humanitarian law in non-international armed conflict. SLSA 2014: Annual Conference of the Socio-Legal Studies Association. Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland 09 - 11 Apr 2014

The human rights of individuals in de facto regimes under the European Convention on Human Rights

Cullen, A. and Wheatley, S. 2013. The human rights of individuals in de facto regimes under the European Convention on Human Rights. Human Rights Law Review. 13 (4), pp. 691-728. https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/ngt033

The implementation of international humanitarian law in non-international armed conflict

Cullen, A. 2013. The implementation of international humanitarian law in non-international armed conflict. Annual Conference of the Society of Legal Scholars. University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 03 - 06 Sep 2013

Equality, non-discrimination and the international rule of law

Cullen, A. 2013. Equality, non-discrimination and the international rule of law. Annual Conference of the Society of Legal Scholars. University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 03 - 06 Sep 2013

The definition of non-international armed conflict in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: an analysis of the threshold of application contained in Article 8(2)(f)

Cullen, A. 2012. The definition of non-international armed conflict in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: an analysis of the threshold of application contained in Article 8(2)(f). in: Schabas, W. (ed.) International Criminal Law Edward Elgar. pp. 610-636

Legal Standards for the Protection from Refoulement by Kee Wouters [Book Review]

Cullen, A. 2011. Legal Standards for the Protection from Refoulement by Kee Wouters [Book Review]. International Humanitarian Legal Studies. 1, pp. 397-400.

War crimes

Cullen, A. 2010. War crimes. in: Schabas, W. and Bernaz, N. (ed.) Routledge Handbook of International Criminal Law London Routledge. pp. 139-154

The concept of non-international armed conflict in international humanitarian law

Cullen, A. 2010. The concept of non-international armed conflict in international humanitarian law. Cambridge University Press.

Prosecutor v. Ramush Haradinaj et al.: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Threshold of Non-International Armed Conflict in International Humanitarian Law

Cullen, A. and Öberg, M. 2008. Prosecutor v. Ramush Haradinaj et al.: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Threshold of Non-International Armed Conflict in International Humanitarian Law. ASIL Insights. 12 (7).

The definition of non-international armed conflict in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: an analysis of the threshold of application contained in Article 8(2)(f)

Cullen, A. 2008. The definition of non-international armed conflict in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: an analysis of the threshold of application contained in Article 8(2)(f). Journal of Conflict and Security Law. 12 (3), pp. 419-445. https://doi.org/10.1093/jcsl/krn001
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