Negotiating cultural trauma in tourism

Article


Su, R. and Park, H. 2023. Negotiating cultural trauma in tourism. Current Issues in Tourism. 26 (10), pp. 1652-1668. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2022.2062308
TypeArticle
TitleNegotiating cultural trauma in tourism
AuthorsSu, R. and Park, H.
Abstract

This study responses to call for an evidentiary frame that incorporates the contested views of cultural trauma in dark tourism sites. Central to this contestation is a failure to break down the victim-perpetrator binary that particularly struggles for truth-seeking transnationally and trans-generationally. This requires a new and critical heritage interpretation, addressing traumatic historical lessons and reaching a reconciliation for future integration and inclusivity. With employment of semi-structure interviews and participant observations, this study of the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders illustrates how dark tourism and counter-monuments play a critical role in transforming massacre trauma into commemorative practices. Designing and building new tourism space and artworks as counter-monuments proves to be one significant encoding practice that negotiates more mundane and interactive peacebuilding and reconciliation. Such negotiation contributes to a more meaningful and holistic understanding of cultural trauma, heritage interpretation, memory and identity. Its implications can inspire future research to explore tourism’s transformative potential for remembering, forgetting and healing.

KeywordsCultural trauma; difficult heritage; interpretation; counter-monuments; negotiated encoding; dark tourism
LanguageEnglish
PublisherTaylor & Francis (Routledge)
JournalCurrent Issues in Tourism
ISSN1368-3500
Electronic1747-7603
Publication dates
Online18 Apr 2022
Print19 May 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited19 Apr 2022
Accepted29 Mar 2022
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Copyright Statement

© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2022.2062308
Web of Science identifierWOS:000783400700001
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/89w23

Download files

  • 41
    total views
  • 8
    total downloads
  • 6
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Negotiated encoding and decoding of sensitive heritage
Park, H. and Su, R. 2024. Negotiated encoding and decoding of sensitive heritage. in: Lixinski, L. and Zhu, Y. (ed.) Heritage, Conflict, and Peace-Building London, UK Routledge. pp. 83-100
National character and tourism
Park, H. 2022. National character and tourism. in: Jafari, J. and Xiao, H. (ed.) Encyclopaedia of Tourism Cham Springer. pp. 1-2
Critical approaches to tourism, heritage and culture
Park, H. 2022. Critical approaches to tourism, heritage and culture. Tourism Planning and Development. 19 (1), pp. 37-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/21568316.2021.2021473
Advantage of low quality in short life cycle products
Sun, Y., Cai, H., Su, R. and Shen, Q. 2020. Advantage of low quality in short life cycle products. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics. 32 (5), pp. 1038-1054. https://doi.org/10.1108/APJML-03-2019-0148
From cultural governance to cultural tourism - Towards an interpretation approach
Su, R. and Cai, H. 2019. From cultural governance to cultural tourism - Towards an interpretation approach. Tourism Culture & Communication. 19 (4), pp. 291-302. https://doi.org/10.3727/194341419X15542140077657
Films and critical pedagogy in management education: A tourism studies context
Ayikoru, M. and Park, H. 2019. Films and critical pedagogy in management education: A tourism studies context. Academy of Management Learning and Education. 18 (3), pp. 414-432. https://doi.org/10.5465/amle.2015.0134
Transforming visitors’ emotional engagement: a case of national trust
Su, R. 2019. Transforming visitors’ emotional engagement: a case of national trust. ATLAS Annual Conference 2019: Tourism Transformations. Girona, Spain 17 - 20 Sep 2019 ATLAS. pp. 113
Cultural political economy and sustainable heritage tourism
Su, R. 2019. Cultural political economy and sustainable heritage tourism. ATLAS Annual Conference 2019: Tourism Transformations. Girona, Spain 17 - 20 Sep 2019 ATLAS. pp. 112
Heritage for tourism or tourism for heritage?
Park, H. 2019. Heritage for tourism or tourism for heritage? OWHC-AP Experts’ Workshop, 15th World Congress of the OWHC. Krakow, Poland 02 - 05 Jun 2019
Cultural political economy and urban heritage tourism
Su, R., Bramwell, B. and Whalley, P. 2018. Cultural political economy and urban heritage tourism. Annals of Tourism Research. 68, pp. 30-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2017.11.004
Carrying capacity and tourist interaction: a case study of four European museums
Su, R. 2017. Carrying capacity and tourist interaction: a case study of four European museums. Tourism Planning and Design.
Dialectic thinking of social media and city tourism marketing
Su, R. and Cai, H. 2017. Dialectic thinking of social media and city tourism marketing. International Journal of Business Studies Review. 2 (1), pp. 1-11.
Meaning-making and urban heritage tourism
Su, R. 2017. Meaning-making and urban heritage tourism. 7th International Conference on Tourism ICOT 2017. Chiang Mai, Thailand 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2017
Tourism as reflexive reconstructions of colonial past
Park, H. 2016. Tourism as reflexive reconstructions of colonial past. Annals of Tourism Research. 58, pp. 114-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2016.03.001
China urban transport and city tourism
Su, R. 2015. China urban transport and city tourism. Anthropology in London Day 2015: Anthropology on the move. London, United Kingdom 15 Jun 2015
Sustaining culture: dialectic relationships with urban tourism
Su, R. 2015. Sustaining culture: dialectic relationships with urban tourism. Placing culture in urban China. London 02 Jul 2015
Understanding urban cultural tourism through a new conceptual model and its application in China
Su, R., Bramwell, B. and Whalley, P. 2014. Understanding urban cultural tourism through a new conceptual model and its application in China. Global Tourism and Hospitality Conference and Asia Tourism Forum. Hong Kong 18 - 20 May 2014
Sustaining urban culture in city tourism: an interdisciplinary approach
Su, R. 2016. Sustaining urban culture in city tourism: an interdisciplinary approach. Characterising Historic Landscapes: Interdisciplinary perspectives. Izmir, Turkey 01 - 04 Mar 2016
Interdependencies and tensions between social media and tourism
Su, R. and Cai, H. 2016. Interdependencies and tensions between social media and tourism. 6th Global Innovation & Knowledge Academy Conference (GIKA 2016). Valencia, Spain 20 - 23 Mar 2016
Cultural governance and urban tourism: an interdisciplinary approach
Su, R. 2015. Cultural governance and urban tourism: an interdisciplinary approach. In: 3rd World Research Summit for Tourism and Hospitality and 1st USA-China Tourism Research Summit. Orlando 15 - 19 Dec 2015
Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage
Su, R. 2013. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage. Journal of Heritage Tourism. 8 (4), pp. 362-363. https://doi.org/10.1080/1743873X.2012.746026
Understanding interdependencies and tensions around cultural tourism in city destinations: the case of Nanjing, China
Su, R. 2012. Understanding interdependencies and tensions around cultural tourism in city destinations: the case of Nanjing, China. 6th World Conference for Graduate Research in Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure. Fethiye, Turkey 24 - 29 Apr 2012 pp. 1269-1276
Heritage tourism
Park, H. 2014. Heritage tourism. Routledge.
A 'reality of return': the case of the Sarawakian-Chinese visiting China
Tie, C., Holden, A. and Park, H. 2015. A 'reality of return': the case of the Sarawakian-Chinese visiting China. Tourism Management. 47, pp. 206-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2014.09.021
Use of digital stories as a tool for experiential learning
Park, H. 2014. Use of digital stories as a tool for experiential learning. 2014 International Conference on Experiential Learning in Hospitality and Tourism. Macau 20 - 23 May 2014
An ethnographic study of Changdeok Palace: heritage tourism and symbolic representations of national identity
Park, H. 2010. An ethnographic study of Changdeok Palace: heritage tourism and symbolic representations of national identity. Seoul Jimoondang.
Intangible heritage and the museum: new perspectives on cultural preservation [Book review]
Su, R. 2013. Intangible heritage and the museum: new perspectives on cultural preservation [Book review]. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change. 11 (1-2), pp. 129-131. https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2012.753741
Dancing cultures
Su, R. 2013. Dancing cultures. Annals of Tourism Research. 42, pp. 451-453. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2013.05.008
Shared national memory as intangible heritage: re-imagining two Koreas as one nation
Park, H. 2011. Shared national memory as intangible heritage: re-imagining two Koreas as one nation. Annals of Tourism Research. 38 (2), pp. 520-539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2010.11.013
Touring reflexive heritage: sustaining the tradition of the Hung Kings in contemporary Vietnam
Park, H. 2011. Touring reflexive heritage: sustaining the tradition of the Hung Kings in contemporary Vietnam. Ancestor Worship in Contemporary Society, with case studies of Worship of the Hung Kings in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam 11 - 13 Apr 2011
Re-imagining two Koreas as one nation: heritage tourism experiences of Changdeok Palace, South Korea.
Park, H. 2009. Re-imagining two Koreas as one nation: heritage tourism experiences of Changdeok Palace, South Korea. Sharing Cultures 2009. Pico Island, Azores, Portugal 29 May - 01 Jun 2009 pp. 329-340
A critical analysis of the symbolic significance of heritage tourism.
Park, H. and Stephenson, M. 2007. A critical analysis of the symbolic significance of heritage tourism. International Journal of Excellence in Tourism, Hospitality and Catering. 1 (2).
Heritage, tourism and national identity: an ethnographic study of Changdeok Palace, Korea.
Park, H. 2009. Heritage, tourism and national identity: an ethnographic study of Changdeok Palace, Korea. Korea Journal. 49 (4), pp. 163-186.
Heritage tourism: emotional journeys into nationhood.
Park, H. 2010. Heritage tourism: emotional journeys into nationhood. Annals of Tourism Research. 37 (1), pp. 116-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2009.08.001
Future for traditional festivals: glocalised cultural practices in global tourism development
Park, H. 2010. Future for traditional festivals: glocalised cultural practices in global tourism development. Safeguarding and Promoting Traditional Festivals in Contemporary Vietnam: The Case of Giong Festival. Hanoi, Vietnam 20 - 23 Apr 2010