Prof Mandeep Dhami


Prof Mandeep Dhami
NameProf Mandeep Dhami
Job titleProfessor in Decision Psychology
Research institute
Primary appointmentPsychology
Email addressm.dhami@mdx.ac.uk
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6157-3142
Contact categoryResearcher

Biography

Biography

I have held academic positions at the University of Surrey (UK), University of Cambridge (UK), University of Victoria (Canada), University of Maryland (USA), and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development (Germany). In addition, I have held visiting academic posts at the University of Granada (Spain), and the Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security. I have also worked as a Principal Scientist at the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL, UK Ministry of Defence), and have work experience in two British prisons.

Teaching

Undergraduate thesis supervision, Masters thesis supervision, PhD supervision.

Employment

Professor in Decision Psychology
Middlesex University London
01 Sept 2013

Education and qualifications

PhD Psychology
City University London
MA Criminology
University of Leicester, UK
BSc (honors) Psychology
Brunel University London

Grants

Dhami, Co-Investigator, 2023-2025
CHIST-era/Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Dhami, Co-Investigator, 2020-2022
British Academy of Management
Dhami, Principal Investigator, 2011-2016

Project: Psychology of Intelligence Analysis (Classified)

HM Government
Dhami, Co-Investigator, 2013-2014

Project: Effects of relational and situational variables on interpreting in high stakes police interviews

Federal Bureau of Investigation via University of Texas El Paso
Dhami, Co-Investigator, 2012-2013

Project: Interviewing techniques to secure cooperation by high value detainees

Federal Bureau of Investigation via University of Texas El Paso
Dhami, Principal Investigator, 2011-2012

Project: Digital forensics – standards

Home Office (CAST)
Dhami, Principal Investigator, 2009-2011

Project: The antecedents and consequences of apology in a restorative justice context

British Academy
Dhami, Co-Investigator, 2007-2009

Project: Factors impacting jurors’ interpretations of criminal standards of proof

Arts and Humanities Research Council
Dhami, Principal Investigator, 2005-2008

Project: A study of sentencing and its outcomes

Home Office/Ministry of Justice (and Sentencing Guidelines Council)
Dhami, Co-Principal Investigator, 2003-2004

Project: Restorative Justice - Victoria Program

Ministry of Attorney General (BC, Canada) Community Accountability Program
Dhami, Co-Principal Investigator, 2002-2003

Project: Evaluation of post-adoption services and investigation into causes of youth risk behavior

Queen Alexandra Foundation for Children, BC, Canada
Dhami, Principal Investigator, 2002-2003

Project: Life in prison and a future outside: A British perspective

British Academy
Dhami, 2013

Visitor Support Program

Office for Naval Research
Dhami, 2013

Visiting Professor Grant for Prof. Jane Goodman-Delahunty

Leverhulme Trust
Dhami, 2009, 2007, 2005

Overseas Conference Grant

British Academy
Dhami, 2008-2008

Researcher Exchange Program

British Council
Dhami, 2005-2006

Project: Exploratory workshop on judgment and decision making as a skill

European Science Foundation

Prizes and Awards

SAS Panel Excellence Award, 2020

NATO Science & Technology Organisation

Evidence to public body

The Imposition of Community and Custodial Sentences Guideline – revised
Sentencing Council for England and Wales
20 Feb 2024
https://www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Imposition-Consultation-Paper-FINAL.pdf
Miscellaneous amendments to sentencing guidelines
Sentencing Council for England and Wales
24 Mar 2024
https://www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Miscellaneous-amendments-2023-24-Consultation-Response-website.pdf
Proposed changes to the Totality sentencing guideline’
House of Common’s Justice Committee Inquiry
07 Mar 2023
https://parliamentlive.tv/Event/Index/258f8b16-daf4-4e0f-81cc-6c611adbff7b#player-tabs https://committees.parliament.uk/publications/41844/documents/207521/default/
Revisions to the Totality guideline
Sentencing Council for England and Wales
01 Jun 2023
Revisions to the Totality guideline: Response to consultation – Sentencing (sentencingcouncil.org.uk)
What next for the Sentencing Council?
Sentencing Council for England and Wales
30 Nov 2021
https://www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/What-next-for-the-Sentencing-Council-response-to-consultation.pdf
Advisor
Sentencing Council of England and Wales

Oral and written advice provided on revisions to the sentencing guidelines from 2010-2012.

UK Representative/expert, 2024-present
NATO SAS-189 Research Task Group

On ‘Anticipatory Intelligence for Superior Decision-Making’

UK Representative/expert, 2023
SAS panel Exploratory Team

On ‘Prediction and Intelligence Analysis’

UK representative, 2015-2018
NATO SAS-114 Research Task Group

On ‘Assessment and Communication of Risk and Uncertainty to Support Decision Making’

UK Representative, 2014-2015
NATO SAS panel Exploratory Team

On ‘Managing the communication of risk and uncertainty.’

External activities

co-Editor, Judgment and Decision Making, 2020-present
Society for Judgment and Decision Making & European Association for Decision Making

Associate Editor, Frontiers in Psychology (Cognition section), 2022-present
Frontiers Media SA

Associate Editor, Mind & Society, 2023-present
Herbert Simon Society

Research outputs

Effects of task structure and confirmation bias in alternative hypotheses evaluation

Dhami, M., Belton, I., de Werd, P., Hadzhieva, V. and Wicke, L. 2024. Effects of task structure and confirmation bias in alternative hypotheses evaluation. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications.

Estimating the influence of case characteristics: an application of Bayesian Model Averaging to sentencing shoplifting offences

Pina-Sanchez, J., Dhami, M. and Gosling, J. 2024. Estimating the influence of case characteristics: an application of Bayesian Model Averaging to sentencing shoplifting offences. in: Fix, P. and Montgomery, M. (ed.) Research Handbook on Judicial Politics Edward Elgar Publishing.

Possibilities for decision science in the metaverse

Dhami, M. and Zhu, Y. 2024. Possibilities for decision science in the metaverse. Decision.

Representative design: a realistic alternative to (systematic) integrative design

Holleman, G., Dhami, M., Hooge, I. and Hessels, R. 2023. Representative design: a realistic alternative to (systematic) integrative design. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 47, p. e48. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X23002200

The role of character-based personal mitigation in sentencing judgments

Dhami, M. and Belton, I. 2024. The role of character-based personal mitigation in sentencing judgments. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies. https://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12376

On conducting ethically-sound psychological science in the metaverse

Cockerton, T., Zhu, Y. and Dhami, M. 2024. On conducting ethically-sound psychological science in the metaverse. American Psychologist. 79 (1), pp. 92-108. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0001211

Health, wellbeing, and social interaction: an international and demographic analysis of perceived life changes and the positives and negatives of the COVID-19 lockdown

Murray, J., Dhami, M., McClatchey, K., Weiss-Cohen, L. and Ayton, P. 2023. Health, wellbeing, and social interaction: an international and demographic analysis of perceived life changes and the positives and negatives of the COVID-19 lockdown. Europe’s Journal of Psychology. 19 (2), pp. 143-157. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.7751

The value of experiments in futures and foresight science: A reply

Derbyshire, J., Dhami, M., Belton, I. and Onkal, D. 2023. The value of experiments in futures and foresight science: A reply. Futures & Foresight Science. 5 (2). https://doi.org/10.1002/ffo2.156

Insights into accuracy of social scientists' forecasts of societal change

Grossman, I., Rotella, A., Hutcherson, C., Sharpinskyi, K., Varnum, M., Achter, S., Dhami, M. and The Forecasting Collaborative 2023. Insights into accuracy of social scientists' forecasts of societal change. Nature Human Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-022-01517-1

Patterns and predictors of stranger rape locations

Lundrigan, S., Weir, R., Newton, A., Agudelo, K. and Dhami, M. 2022. Patterns and predictors of stranger rape locations. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-022-09535-5

Meta-informational cue inconsistency and judgment of information accuracy: Spotlight on intelligence analysis

Mandel, D., Irwin, D., Dhami, M. and Budescu, D. 2023. Meta-informational cue inconsistency and judgment of information accuracy: Spotlight on intelligence analysis. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. 36 (3). https://doi.org/10.1002/bdm.2307

Scenario generation and scenario quality using the cone of plausibility

Dhami, M., Wicke, L. and Onkal, D. 2022. Scenario generation and scenario quality using the cone of plausibility. Futures. 142, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2022.102995

The value of experiments in futures and foresight science as illustrated by the case of scenario planning

Derbyshire, J., Dhami, M., Belton, I. and Onkal, D. 2022. The value of experiments in futures and foresight science as illustrated by the case of scenario planning. Futures & Foresight Science. https://doi.org/10.1002/ffo2.146

A multi-disciplinary and comparative approach to evaluating pre-trial detention decisions: towards evidence-based reform

Dhami, M. and van den Brink, Y. 2022. A multi-disciplinary and comparative approach to evaluating pre-trial detention decisions: towards evidence-based reform. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. 28 (3), pp. 381-395. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-022-09510-0

Communicating uncertainty using words and numbers

Dhami, M. and Mandel, D. 2022. Communicating uncertainty using words and numbers. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 26 (6), pp. 514-526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2022.03.002

Intelligence analysis support guide: development and validation

Dhami, M. and Careless, K. 2023. Intelligence analysis support guide: development and validation. International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence. 36 (1), pp. 241-259. https://doi.org/10.1080/08850607.2021.1966589

Sentencing multiple- versus single-offence cases: does more crime mean less punishment?

Dhami, M. 2022. Sentencing multiple- versus single-offence cases: does more crime mean less punishment? The British Journal of Criminology. 62 (1), pp. 55-72. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azab030

Arithmetic computation with probability words and numbers

Mandel, D., Dhami, M., Tran, S. and Irwin, D. 2021. Arithmetic computation with probability words and numbers. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. 34 (4), pp. 593-608. https://doi.org/10.1002/bdm.2232

Are people experiencing the ‘pains of imprisonment’ during the Covid-19 lockdown?

Dhami, M., Weiss-Cohen, L. and Ayton, P. 2020. Are people experiencing the ‘pains of imprisonment’ during the Covid-19 lockdown? Frontiers in Psychology, section Personality and Social Psychology. 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.578430

Words or numbers? Communicating probability in intelligence analysis

Dhami, M. and Mandel, D.R. 2021. Words or numbers? Communicating probability in intelligence analysis. American Psychologist. 76 (3), pp. 549-560. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000637

Criminal sentencing by preferred numbers

Dhami, M., Belton, I., Merrall, E., McGrath, A. and Bird, S. 2020. Criminal sentencing by preferred numbers. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies. 17 (1), pp. 139-163. https://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12246

Disengaging and rehabilitating high-value detainees: a small scale qualitative study

Dhami, M., Goodman-Delahunty, J., Martschuk, N., Cheung, S. and Belton, I. 2020. Disengaging and rehabilitating high-value detainees: a small scale qualitative study. Journal for Deradicalization.

Factors predicting conviction in child stranger rape

Lundrigan, S., Dhami, M. and Agudelo, K. 2020. Factors predicting conviction in child stranger rape. Child Abuse and Neglect. 101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.104242

Using scenarios to forecast outcomes of a refugee crisis

Wicke, L., Dhami, M., Onkal, D. and Belton, I. 2022. Using scenarios to forecast outcomes of a refugee crisis. International Journal of Forecasting. 38 (3), pp. 1175-1184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijforecast.2019.05.017

Improving procedural fairness in housing possession cases

Whitehouse, L., Bright, S. and Dhami, M. 2019. Improving procedural fairness in housing possession cases. Civil justice quarterly. 38 (3), pp. 351-375.

The "analysis of competing hypotheses" in intelligence analysis

Dhami, M., Belton, I. and Mandel, D. 2019. The "analysis of competing hypotheses" in intelligence analysis. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 33 (6), pp. 1080-1090. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3550

Factors predicting jury convictions in stranger rape cases

Lundrigan, S., Dhami, M. and Agudelo, K. 2019. Factors predicting jury convictions in stranger rape cases. Frontiers in Psychology. 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00526

A survey of intelligence analysts’ strategies for solving analytic tasks

Dhami, M. and Careless, K. 2019. A survey of intelligence analysts’ strategies for solving analytic tasks. Military Psychology. 31 (2), pp. 117-127. https://doi.org/10.1080/08995605.2018.1561105

Boosting intelligence analysts’ judgment accuracy: what works, what fails?

Mandel, D., Karvetski, C. and Dhami, M. 2018. Boosting intelligence analysts’ judgment accuracy: what works, what fails? Judgment and Decision Making. 13 (6), pp. 607-621.

Police discretion in rape cases

Dhami, M., Lundrigan, S. and Thomas, S. 2018. Police discretion in rape cases. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-018-9299-4

A re-examination of the acquittal biasing effect of offence seriousness

Lundrigan, S., Dhami, M. and Mueller-Johnson, K. 2018. A re-examination of the acquittal biasing effect of offence seriousness. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. 25 (5), pp. 769-778. https://doi.org/10.1080/13218719.2018.1478334

Towards a pedagogy for critical security studies: politics of migration in the classroom

Bilgic, A., Dhami, M. and Onkal, D. 2018. Towards a pedagogy for critical security studies: politics of migration in the classroom. International Studies Perspectives. 19 (3), pp. 250-266. https://doi.org/10.1093/isp/ekx016

Kenneth R. Hammond’s contributions to the study of human judgment and decision making

Dhami, M. and Mumpower, J. 2018. Kenneth R. Hammond’s contributions to the study of human judgment and decision making. Judgment and Decision Making. 13 (1), pp. 1-22.

Effects of judicial instructions and juror characteristics on interpretations of beyond reasonable doubt

Mueller-Johnson, K., Dhami, M. and Lundrigan, S. 2018. Effects of judicial instructions and juror characteristics on interpretations of beyond reasonable doubt. Psychology, Crime and Law. 24 (2), pp. 117-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2017.1394461

Towards an evidence-based approach to communicating uncertainty in intelligence analysis

Dhami, M. 2018. Towards an evidence-based approach to communicating uncertainty in intelligence analysis. Intelligence and National Security. 33 (2), pp. 257-272. https://doi.org/10.1080/02684527.2017.1394252

A survey of intelligence analysts’ perceptions of analytic tools

Dhami, M. 2017. A survey of intelligence analysts’ perceptions of analytic tools. 2017 European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference. Athens, Greece 11 - 13 Sep 2017 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 131-134 https://doi.org/10.1109/EISIC.2017.26

An empirical note on perceptions of partial apologies

Dhami, M. 2017. An empirical note on perceptions of partial apologies. Onati Socio-Legal Series. 7 (3), pp. 408-420.

On getting inside the judge’s mind

Dhami, M. and Belton, I. 2017. On getting inside the judge’s mind. Translational Issues in Psychological Science. 3 (2), pp. 214-226. https://doi.org/10.1037/tps0000115

Development of an information sheet providing rapport advice for interpreters in police interviews

Dhami, M., Goodman-Delahunty, J. and Desai, S. 2017. Development of an information sheet providing rapport advice for interpreters in police interviews. Police Practice and Research. 18 (3), pp. 291-305. https://doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2017.1291580

Editorial: The aging decision-maker: advances in understanding the impact of cognitive change on decision-making

Ward, E. and Dhami, M. 2016. Editorial: The aging decision-maker: advances in understanding the impact of cognitive change on decision-making. Frontiers in Psychology. 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01622

Statistical analyses of court decisions: an example of multilevel models of sentencing

Dhami, M. and Belton, I. 2016. Statistical analyses of court decisions: an example of multilevel models of sentencing. Law and Method. 10, pp. 247-266. https://doi.org/10.5553/REM/.000019

Male youth perceptions of violent extremism: towards a test of rational choice theory

Dhami, M. and Murray, J. 2016. Male youth perceptions of violent extremism: towards a test of rational choice theory. The Spanish Journal of Psychology. 19. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2016.49

Critical review of analytic techniques

Dhami, M., Belton, I. and Careless, K. 2016. Critical review of analytic techniques. European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC) 2016. Uppsala, Sweden 17 - 19 Aug 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 152-155 https://doi.org/10.1109/EISIC.2016.33

Improving the communication of uncertainty in climate science and intelligence analysis

Ho, E., Budescu, D., Dhami, M. and Mandel, D. 2015. Improving the communication of uncertainty in climate science and intelligence analysis. Behavioral Science & Policy. 1 (2), pp. 43-55. https://doi.org/10.1353/bsp.2015.0015

Apology in victim-offender mediation

Dhami, M. 2016. Apology in victim-offender mediation. Contemporary Justice Review. 19 (1), pp. 31-42. https://doi.org/10.1080/10282580.2015.1101686

Improving intelligence analysis with decision science

Dhami, M., Mandel, D., Mellers, B. and Tetlock, P. 2015. Improving intelligence analysis with decision science. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 10 (6), pp. 753-757. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691615598511

Ordinal structure of the generic analytic workflow: a survey of intelligence analysts

Dhami, M. and Careless, K. 2015. Ordinal structure of the generic analytic workflow: a survey of intelligence analysts. 2015 European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference. Manchester, UK 07 - 09 Sep 2015 IEEE. pp. 141-144 https://doi.org/10.1109/EISIC.2015.37

Effects of a victim’s response to an offender’s apology: when the victim becomes the bad guy

Dhami, M. 2016. Effects of a victim’s response to an offender’s apology: when the victim becomes the bad guy. European Journal of Social Psychology. 46 (1), pp. 110-123. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2145

Standards and best practices in digital and multimedia forensics

Li, S., Dhami, M. and Ho, A. 2015. Standards and best practices in digital and multimedia forensics. in: Ho, A. and Li, S. (ed.) Handbook of Digital Forensics of Multimedia Data and Devices Wiley. pp. 38-93

Instructions on reasonable doubt: defining the standard of proof and the juror's task

Dhami, M., Lundrigan, S. and Mueller-Johnson, K. 2015. Instructions on reasonable doubt: defining the standard of proof and the juror's task. Psychology, Public Policy and Law. 21 (2), pp. 169-178. https://doi.org/10.1037/law0000038

Using court records for sentencing research: pitfalls and possibilities

Dhami, M. and Belton, I. 2015. Using court records for sentencing research: pitfalls and possibilities. in: Roberts, J. (ed.) Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales Springer.

Racial disparities, judge characteristics, and standards of review in sentencing: comment

Dhami, M. 2015. Racial disparities, judge characteristics, and standards of review in sentencing: comment. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE). 171 (1), pp. 48-52.

Interviewing high value detainees: securing cooperation and disclosures

Goodman-Delahunty, J., Martschuk, N. and Dhami, M. 2014. Interviewing high value detainees: securing cooperation and disclosures. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 28 (6), pp. 883-897. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3087

Psychological perspectives on military decisions to deployprecision strike capabilities

Banks, A. and Dhami, M. 2014. Psychological perspectives on military decisions to deployprecision strike capabilities. in: Aaronson, M., Aslam, W., Dyson, T. and Rauxloh, R. (ed.) Precision Strike Warfare and International Intervention: Strategic, Ethico-Legal and Decisional Implications Routledge. pp. 173-187

Quasirational models of sentencing

Dhami, M., Belton, I. and Goodman-Delahunty, J. 2015. Quasirational models of sentencing. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. 4 (3), pp. 239-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.07.009

Lawyer and nonlawyer susceptibility to framing effects in out-of-court civil litigation settlement

Belton, I., Thomson, M. and Dhami, M. 2014. Lawyer and nonlawyer susceptibility to framing effects in out-of-court civil litigation settlement. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies. 11 (3), pp. 578-600. https://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12050

A scientific approach to countering the terrorist threat

Dhami, M. 2014. A scientific approach to countering the terrorist threat. in: Cole, J. and Pantucci, R. (ed.) STFC/RUSI.

Normative and descriptive models of military decisions to deploy precision strike capabilities

Banks, A. and Dhami, M. 2014. Normative and descriptive models of military decisions to deploy precision strike capabilities. Military Psychology. 26 (1), pp. 33-43. https://doi.org/10.1037/mil0000028

Take-the-best in expert-novice decision strategies for residential burglary

Garcia-Retamero, R. and Dhami, M. 2009. Take-the-best in expert-novice decision strategies for residential burglary. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 16 (1), pp. 163-169. https://doi.org/10.3758/PBR.16.1.163

Pictures speak louder than numbers: on communicating medical risks to immigrants with limited non-native language proficiency

Garcia-Retamero, R. and Dhami, M. 2011. Pictures speak louder than numbers: on communicating medical risks to immigrants with limited non-native language proficiency. Health Expectations. 14, pp. 46-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00670.x

On avoiding framing effects in experienced decision makers

Garcia-Retamero, R. and Dhami, M. 2013. On avoiding framing effects in experienced decision makers. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 66 (4), pp. 829-842. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2012.727836

Predicting verdicts using pre-trial attitudes and standard of proof

Lundrigan, S., Dhami, M. and Mueller-Johnson, K. 2013. Predicting verdicts using pre-trial attitudes and standard of proof. Legal and Criminological Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/lcrp.12043

Crime as risk taking

Dhami, M. and Mandel, D. 2012. Crime as risk taking. Psychology, Crime and Law. 18 (4), pp. 389-403. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2010.498423

Simply criminal: predicting burglars' occupancy decisions with a simple heuristic

Snook, B., Dhami, M. and Kavanagh, J. 2011. Simply criminal: predicting burglars' occupancy decisions with a simple heuristic. Law and Human Behavior. 35 (4), pp. 316-326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10979-010-9238-0

First-time and recurrent inmates' experiences of imprisonment

Souza, K. and Dhami, M. 2010. First-time and recurrent inmates' experiences of imprisonment. Criminal Justice and Behavior. 37 (12), pp. 1330-1342. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854810379969

On measuring quantitative interpretations of reasonable doubt

Dhami, M. 2008. On measuring quantitative interpretations of reasonable doubt. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. 14 (4), pp. 353-363. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013344

Challenges to establishing volunteer‐run, community‐based restorative justice programs

Dhami, M. and Joy, P. 2007. Challenges to establishing volunteer‐run, community‐based restorative justice programs. Contemporary Justice Review. 10 (1), pp. 9-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/10282580601157455
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