Mechatronics of systems with undetermined configurations

PhD thesis


White, A.S. 1999. Mechatronics of systems with undetermined configurations. PhD thesis Middlesex University School of Engineering Systems
TypePhD thesis
TitleMechatronics of systems with undetermined configurations
AuthorsWhite, A.S.
Abstract

This work is submitted for the award of a PhD by published works. It deals with some of the efforts of the author over the last ten years in the field of Mechatronics.
Mechatronics is a new area invented by the Japanese in the late 1970's, it consists of a synthesis of computers and electronics to improve mechanical systems. To control any
mechanical event three fundamental features must be brought together: the sensors used to observe the process, the control software, including the control algorithm used and
thirdly the actuator that provides the stimulus to achieve the end result. Simulation, which plays such an important part in the Mechatronics process, is used in both in continuous and discrete forms. The author has spent some considerable time developing skills in all these areas.
The author was certainly the first at Middlesex to appreciate the new developments in Mechatronics and their significance for manufacturing. The author was one of the first mechanical engineers to recognise the significance of the new transputer chip. This was applied to the LQG optimal control of a cinefilm copying process. A 300% improvement in operating speed was achieved, together with tension control.
To make more efficient use of robots they have to be made both faster and cheaper. The author found extremely low natural frequencies of vibration, ranging from 3 to 25 Hz. This limits the speed of response of existing robots. The vibration data was some of the earliest available in this field, certainly in the UK. Several schemes have been devised to control the flexible robot and maintain the required precision.
Actuator technology is one area where mechatronic systems have been the subject of intense development. At Middlesex we have improved on the Aexator pneumatic muscle actuator, enabling it to be used with a precision of about 2 mm.
New control challenges have been undertaken now in the field of machine tool chatter and the prevention of slip. A variety of novel and traditional control algorithms have been investigated in order to find out the best approach to solve this problem.

Department nameSchool of Engineering Systems
Institution nameMiddlesex University
Publication dates
Print16 Jan 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Jan 2015
Completed1999
Output statusPublished
LanguageEnglish
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