Effects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder

Article


Duffy, L., Baluch, B., Welland, S. and Raman, E. 2017. Effects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation. 13 (3), pp. 340-347. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1734960.480
TypeArticle
TitleEffects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder
AuthorsDuffy, L., Baluch, B., Welland, S. and Raman, E.
Abstract

The presented study investigated the extent to which engaging in a therapeutic sporting programme in males with severe Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) improves the debilitating behaviours commonly associated with ASD. Furthermore, the views of parents of the autistic participants were assessed concerning the effectiveness of the programme. Participants were eight 13-20 year old males born in the UK from a school and sports college for pupils with severe learning difficulties. The selection was using volunteer sampling from the “Monday Club” initiative, run by Saracens Sports Foundation in partnership with a local School and specialist Sports College. The Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS-3) was administered to identify and measure the severity of ASD behaviours at four time periods namely: at programme entry as the baseline (T1), a second time after 8 weeks (T2), a third time after sixteen weeks (T3) and a fourth time post programme (T4). The results showed that for the more severe cases of ASD (Autism Index >101) there was no positive change in subscale performance from Time1 to Time2. For milder cases (Autism Index 71-100) there were subtle non-significant improvements on the subscale scores from Time1 to Time2. Of the 6 subscales at Time2, Emotional Responses (ER), Cognitive Style (CS) and Maladaptive Speech (MS) approached significance at the p = 0.05 level. At Time3 and Time4, there was also no statistically significant improvement in ASD behaviours compared to the baseline for either condition. Finally parents’ were “very satisfied” with their child’s participation in the physical activity programme.

LanguageEnglish
PublisherThe Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation
JournalJournal of Exercise Rehabilitation
ISSN2288-176X
Publication dates
Online27 Jun 2017
Print27 Jun 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited03 Jul 2017
Submitted13 Apr 2017
Accepted10 Jun 2017
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2017 Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1734960.480
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