A cross-continental study on children's drawings of football players: implications for understanding key issues and controversies in human figure drawings

Article


Baluch, B., Duffy, L., Badami, R. and Pereira, E. 2017. A cross-continental study on children's drawings of football players: implications for understanding key issues and controversies in human figure drawings. Europe’s Journal of Psychology. 13 (3), pp. 455-471. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v13i3.1237
TypeArticle
TitleA cross-continental study on children's drawings of football players: implications for understanding key issues and controversies in human figure drawings
AuthorsBaluch, B., Duffy, L., Badami, R. and Pereira, E.
Abstract

Professionals examine various aspects of girls’ and boys’ drawings as a way of understanding their intelligence, personality and emotional state. However, the extent to which such measures could be universally generalised or attributed to a specific cultural norm is still a debatable issue. In the present study five key features of children’s drawings namely: the size (height) of the drawings, profile or full face, figure in action or static, shaded or non-shaded and the nature of additional details were examined from a cross-cultural perspective, and by providing a topic (football) for which children’s drawing of a human figure could provide opportunities for the latter indices to manifest and flourish. Children from three countries; England, Iran and Brazil, representing three continents took part in this study. The participants were asked to draw a football player from their own country and from the other participating countries. The results showed that Brazilian children differ from Iranian and English children by drawing significantly smaller figures and putting more football action in the drawings. Shading of the figure drawn was more prevalent amongst English children. Such findings have implications for the interpretation of key aspects of children's drawings in educational, clinical and therapeutic settings and from a universal vs. culturally-specific viewpoint.

LanguageEnglish
PublisherPsychOpen
JournalEurope’s Journal of Psychology
ISSN1841-0413
Publication dates
Online31 Aug 2017
Print31 Aug 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited01 Sep 2017
Accepted05 May 2017
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
License
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v13i3.1237
Permalink -

https://repository.mdx.ac.uk/item/87262

Download files


Publisher's version
  • 18
    total views
  • 2
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The complexity of obesity
Drury, T., Whiteman, S. and Duffy, L. 2020. The complexity of obesity. City Fiction.
The effect of skill level on darts throwers’ use of different mental skills
Shahabi Haseb, M., Duffy, L., Mehranian, A. and Aminaee, A. 2019. The effect of skill level on darts throwers’ use of different mental skills. International Journal of Motor Control and Learning. 2 (3), pp. 3-12. https://doi.org/10.29252/ijmcl.2.3.3
There's a beautiful game in social isolation [Blog post]
Duffy, L. and Baluch, B. 2020. There's a beautiful game in social isolation [Blog post]. online platform based in the United Kingdom Psychreg.
I just can't let them go: Dartitis is an extremely debilitating disorder [Blog post]
Duffy, L. 2019. I just can't let them go: Dartitis is an extremely debilitating disorder [Blog post]. online platform based in the United Kingdom Psychreg.
Rugby as a rehabilitation program in a United Kingdom male young offenders' institution: key findings and implications from mixed methods research
Welland, S., Duffy, L. and Baluch, B. 2020. Rugby as a rehabilitation program in a United Kingdom male young offenders' institution: key findings and implications from mixed methods research. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation. 16 (1), pp. 78-87. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938726.363
Personality differences amongst drag racers and archers: implications for sport injury rehabilitation
Cohen, R., Baluch, B. and Duffy, L. 2018. Personality differences amongst drag racers and archers: implications for sport injury rehabilitation. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation. 14 (5), pp. 783-790. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1836350.175
Defining extreme sport: conceptions and misconceptions
Cohen, R., Baluch, B. and Duffy, L. 2018. Defining extreme sport: conceptions and misconceptions. Frontiers in Psychology. 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01974
Effects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder
Duffy, L., Baluch, B., Welland, S. and Raman, E. 2017. Effects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation. 13 (3), pp. 340-347. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1734960.480
Dropout reasons in Iranian youth roller skaters
Heydari, H., Badami, R., Baluch, B. and Duffy, L. 2014. Dropout reasons in Iranian youth roller skaters. International journal of Science Culture and Sport. 2 (4), pp. 89-102. https://doi.org/10.14486/ijscs214
The perception of same gender coaches by Iranian skaters and its influence on sport achievement motivation and commitment
Homayoni Izad, N., Badami, R., Baluch, B. and Duffy, L. 2016. The perception of same gender coaches by Iranian skaters and its influence on sport achievement motivation and commitment. International journal of Science Culture and Sport. 4 (1), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.14486/IntJSCS489
Depressive symptoms in cricketers: the relationship with neuroticism, fear of failure and emotional intelligence
Newman, H. and Duffy, L. 2015. Depressive symptoms in cricketers: the relationship with neuroticism, fear of failure and emotional intelligence. 14th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC Congress 2015). Bern, Switzerland 14 - 19 Jul 2015 University of Bern, Institut of Sport Science. pp. 370
Darts
Duffy, L., Dodo, Z., Zekic, J., Jovanovic, M. and Sporiš, G. 2015. Darts. in: Darts Croatian Darts Federation.
Children’s drawings of world cup football players: a cross-continental study
Duffy, L., Baluch, B., Badami, R. and Pereira, E. 2014. Children’s drawings of world cup football players: a cross-continental study. in: The British Psychological Society Developmental Conference Amsterdam BPS.
Social facilitation and individual performance - an investigation of dart players
Duffy, L. and Steinberg, H. 1996. Social facilitation and individual performance - an investigation of dart players. in: British Psychological Society Sport and Exercise Section Workshop BPS.
Factors affecting the structure and acquisition of expert performance in sport: evidence from darts
Duffy, L., Baluch, B. and Ericsson, K. 1999. Factors affecting the structure and acquisition of expert performance in sport: evidence from darts. in: Factors Affecting the Structure and Acquisition of Expert Performance in Sport: Evidence from Darts. V1 European Congress of Psychology.
The nature of gender differences in dart performance.
Duffy, L., Baluch, B. and Ericsson, K. 2001. The nature of gender differences in dart performance. in: Proceedings of the 10th. World Congress of Sport Psychology. World Congress of Spoprt Psychology.
Signing the organ donor card: the relationship between expressed attitude, the actual behavior, and personality traits
Baluch, B., Randhawa, G., Holmes, S. and Duffy, L. 2001. Signing the organ donor card: the relationship between expressed attitude, the actual behavior, and personality traits. The Journal of Social Psychology. 141 (1), pp. 124-126. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224540109600530
Children's memory for television advertising: effects of programme-advertisement congruency
Gunter, B., Baluch, B., Duffy, L. and Furnham, A. 2002. Children's memory for television advertising: effects of programme-advertisement congruency. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 16 (2), pp. 171-190. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.776
In search of the loci for sex differences in throwing
Duffy, L., Ericsson, A. and Baluch, B. 2007. In search of the loci for sex differences in throwing. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 78 (2), pp. 71-78. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2007.10599405
Dropout reasons in Iranian youth roller skaters
Heydari, H., Badami, R., Baluch, B. and Duffy, L. 2014. Dropout reasons in Iranian youth roller skaters. International journal of Science Culture and Sport. 2 (4), pp. 89-102. https://doi.org/10.14486/IJSCS214
Human figure drawings by children in hospital and mainstream schools
Nyman, K., Baluch, B. and Duffy, L. 2011. Human figure drawings by children in hospital and mainstream schools. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. 49 (1), pp. 21-26. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2011.10708203
British and Indian attitudes toward ‘Western’ counselling: a quantitative comparative study
Syed, S., Baluch, B., Duffy, L. and Verma, V. 2012. British and Indian attitudes toward ‘Western’ counselling: a quantitative comparative study. Counselling psychology quarterly. 25 (1), pp. 63-72. https://doi.org/10.1080/09515070.2012.664959
Gender differences in target throwing skills and dart playing performance: evidence from elite dart players
Duffy, L. 2002. Gender differences in target throwing skills and dart playing performance: evidence from elite dart players. PhD thesis Middlesex University Health and Social Sciences
Dart performance as a function of facets of practice amongst professional and amateur men and women players
Duffy, L., Baluch, B. and Ericsson, K. 2004. Dart performance as a function of facets of practice amongst professional and amateur men and women players. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 35 (3), pp. 232-245.
Signing the organ donor card: the relationship between expressed attitude, the actual behavior and personality traits
Baluch, B., Randhawa, G., Holmes, S. and Duffy, L. 2001. Signing the organ donor card: the relationship between expressed attitude, the actual behavior and personality traits. Journal of Social Psychology. 14 (1), pp. 124-126.
Children’s memory for television advertising: effects of programme–advertisement congruency.
Gunter, B., Baluch, B., Duffy, L. and Furnham, A. 2002. Children’s memory for television advertising: effects of programme–advertisement congruency. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 16 (2), pp. 171-190. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.776
In search of the loci for sex differences in throwing: the effects of physical size and differential recruitment rates on high levels of dart performance.
Duffy, L., Ericsson, K. and Baluch, B. 2007. In search of the loci for sex differences in throwing: the effects of physical size and differential recruitment rates on high levels of dart performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 78 (1), pp. 71-78.
Drawings of self and best friend by children undergoing dialysis
Nyman, K., Baluch, B., Duffy, L. and Shinebourne, P. 2011. Drawings of self and best friend by children undergoing dialysis. Education and Health. 29 (1).
Home field advantage: does anxiety contribute?
Duffy, L. and Hinwood, D. 1997. Home field advantage: does anxiety contribute? Perceptual and Motor Skills. 84 (1), pp. 283-286. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1997.84.1.283