Dr Frank Hills


NameDr Frank Hills
Job titleDoP Natural Science/Associate Professor in Cell Biology
Research institute
Primary appointmentNatural Sciences
Email addressf.hills@mdx.ac.uk
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8235-7545
Contact categoryResearcher

Biography

Biography

After graduating with an honours degree in Biochemistry Dr Hills worked for several years as a Clinical Scientist at St Bartholomew's hospital in London. He was awarded his PhD in 2002 from the faculty of Medicine at Queen Mary University of London for his work on "The Role of Insulin-like Growth Factors in Disorders of Fetal Growth". He continued his interest in reproductive science at Imperial College London where he worked as a postdoctoral researcher before joining Middlesex in 2004 as a lecturer. Dr Hills has published many high profile original research articles on various aspects of obstetric pathology including pre-eclampsia, recurrent miscarriage, preterm labour and fetal distress as well as several articles in the area of assisted reproduction. Currently, his research interests include investigating the role of growth factors, glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans on the development of placental pathology and breast cancer alongside an active interest in biomarkers for exercise performance and recovery. Dr Hills teaches a range of topics in biomedical science including clinical biochemistry, cellular and developmental biology as well as statistical analysis. He is author of over 40 peer-reviewed scientific articles and has refereed manuscripts for a variety of journals in the area of reproduction and endocrinology

Education and qualifications

Grants

Prizes and Awards

Research outputs

Disaccharide compositional analysis of chondroitin sulphate using WAX HILIC-MS with pre-column procainamide labelling; application to the placenta in pre-eclampsia

Antia, I., Hills, F. and Shah, A. 2024. Disaccharide compositional analysis of chondroitin sulphate using WAX HILIC-MS with pre-column procainamide labelling; application to the placenta in pre-eclampsia. Analytical Methods. 16 (4), pp. 566-575. https://doi.org/10.1039/D3AY01578E

Effect of hot water immersion on acute physiological responses following resistance exercise

Jackman, J., Bell, P., Van Someren, K., Gondek, M., Hills, F., Wilson, L. and Cockburn, E. 2023. Effect of hot water immersion on acute physiological responses following resistance exercise. Frontiers in Physiology. 14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2023.1213733

Establishment and characterization of single and triple‐agent resistant osteosarcoma cell lines

Low, K., Hills, F., Roberts, H. and Stordal, B. 2023. Establishment and characterization of single and triple‐agent resistant osteosarcoma cell lines. Advanced Biology. 7 (2). https://doi.org/10.1002/adbi.202200194

A combination of cherry juice and cold water immersion does not enhance marathon recovery compared to either treatment in isolation: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

Difranco, I., Cockburn, E., Dimitriou, L., Paice, K., Sinclair, S., Faki, T., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Wood, A. and Wilson, L. 2022. A combination of cherry juice and cold water immersion does not enhance marathon recovery compared to either treatment in isolation: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2022.957950

A survey into the use of priming techniques implemented by athletes and coaches to improve athletic performance

Collins, J., Bishop, C., Hills, F., Spiegelhalter, A., Cohen, R. and Turner, A. 2023. A survey into the use of priming techniques implemented by athletes and coaches to improve athletic performance. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 37 (1), pp. 107-113. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000004220

Cold water immersion offers no functional or perceptual benefit compared to a sham intervention during a resistance training program

Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Van Wyk, A., Turek, V., Rivkin, T., Villiere, A., Jarvis, P., Miller, S., Turner, A. and Cockburn, E. 2021. Cold water immersion offers no functional or perceptual benefit compared to a sham intervention during a resistance training program. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 35 (10), pp. 2720-2727. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000004097

A pilot study to determine whether repeated post-exercise cryotherapy exposure augments physiological and perceptual responses to cold

Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Van Wyk, A., Turek, V., Rivkin, T., Villiere, A., Jarvis, P., Miller, S., Turner, A. and Cockburn, E. 2020. A pilot study to determine whether repeated post-exercise cryotherapy exposure augments physiological and perceptual responses to cold. 25th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Virtual (due to Covid-19), initial venue Sevilla, Andalucia, Spain 28 - 30 Oct 2020

Optimisation of a selection strategy for drug resistance osteosarcoma cell lines

Low, K., Hills, F., Roberts, H. and Stordal, B. 2019. Optimisation of a selection strategy for drug resistance osteosarcoma cell lines. 2019 NCRI Cancer Conference. Glasgow, UK 03 - 05 Nov 2019

Purification and method optimisation for identification of carbohydrate moieties on human chorionic gonadotropin glycoforms using MALDI IT–TOF MS

Gondek, M., Burczynska, B. and Hills, F. 2019. Purification and method optimisation for identification of carbohydrate moieties on human chorionic gonadotropin glycoforms using MALDI IT–TOF MS. 4th FEBS Congress. Krakow, Poland 06 - 11 Jul 2019 Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/2211-5463.12674

Method optimisation for identification of carbohydrate moieties on human chorionic gonadotropin glycoforms using MALDI-TOF-MS

Gondek, M., Burczynska, B. and Hills, F. 2018. Method optimisation for identification of carbohydrate moieties on human chorionic gonadotropin glycoforms using MALDI-TOF-MS. 45th International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2018 Congress. Hamburg, Germany 24 - 27 Nov 2018

ROR1- A biomarker for chemoresistance in ovarian cancer

Syed, E., Hills, F. and Stordal, B. 2018. ROR1- A biomarker for chemoresistance in ovarian cancer. 2018 NCRI Cancer Conference. Glasgow, Scotland 04 - 06 Nov 2018

Whole body cryotherapy, cold water immersion, or a placebo following resistance exercise: a case of mind over matter?

Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M. and Cockburn, E. 2019. Whole body cryotherapy, cold water immersion, or a placebo following resistance exercise: a case of mind over matter? European Journal of Applied Physiology. 119 (1), pp. 135-147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-4008-7

ROR1-A novel biomarker for chemoresistance in ovarian cancer

Shafat, E., Hills, F. and Stordal, B. 2018. ROR1-A novel biomarker for chemoresistance in ovarian cancer. Research Degrees Students' Summer Conference. Middlesex University, London, UK 04 Sep 2018

Optimisation of a selection strategy for drug resistance osteosarcoma cell lines

Low, K., Hills, F., Roberts, H. and Stordal, B. 2018. Optimisation of a selection strategy for drug resistance osteosarcoma cell lines. Research Degrees Students' Summer Conference. Middlesex University, London, UK 04 Sep 2018

Can quantification of Serum Glycans predict Pre-Eclampsia?

Antia, I., Shah, A., Yagnik, D., Syngelaki, A., Nicolaides, K. and Hills, F. 2018. Can quantification of Serum Glycans predict Pre-Eclampsia? International Federation of Placenta Associations Conference (IFPA2018). Jikei University School of Medicine in Tokyo, Japan 21 - 24 Sep 2018 Elsevier. pp. e38-e39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2018.06.004

Effect of glycosaminoglycans on growth factor-stimulated trophoblast invasion

Hills, F., Rodd, Z. and Antia, I. 2018. Effect of glycosaminoglycans on growth factor-stimulated trophoblast invasion. International Federation of Placenta Associations Conference (IFPA2018). Jikei University School of Medicine in Tokyo, Japan 21 - 24 Sep 2018 Elsevier. pp. e17-e17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2018.06.004

Urate crystals induce macrophage PAF‑AH secretion which is differentially regulated by TGFβ1 and hydrocortisone

Yagnik, D. and Hills, F. 2018. Urate crystals induce macrophage PAF‑AH secretion which is differentially regulated by TGFβ1 and hydrocortisone. Molecular Medicine Reports. 18 (3), pp. 3506-3512. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2018.9323

Influence of tart cherry juice on airway biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress following a 42.2km trail run

Dimitriou, L., Yagnik, D., Wood, A., Sinclair, S., Paice, K., Wilson, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Kwan Xue Bin, K., Howatson, G. and Cockburn, E. 2018. Influence of tart cherry juice on airway biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress following a 42.2km trail run. 23rd annual congress of the European College of Sport Science. Dublin, Ireland 04 - 07 Jul 2018

The influence of repeated cold water immersion on adaptations to strength and power training

Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Gondek, M., Hills, F. and Cockburn, E. 2018. The influence of repeated cold water immersion on adaptations to strength and power training. 23rd Annual Congress of the ECSS 2018. Dublin, UK 04 - 07 Jul 2018 European College of Sport Science. pp. 94

Investigation of factors influencing the immunogenicity of hCG as a potential cancer vaccine

Kvirkvelia, N., Chikadze, N., Makinde, J., McBride, J., Porakishvili, N., Hills, F., Martensen, P., Justesen, J., Delves, P., Lund, T. and Roitt, I. 2018. Investigation of factors influencing the immunogenicity of hCG as a potential cancer vaccine. Clinical & Experimental Immunology. 193 (1), pp. 73-83. https://doi.org/10.1111/cei.13131

Detection and quantification of human chorionic gonadotropin levels in human placental choriocarcinoma cell lines

Gondek, M., Hills, F. and Burczynska, B. 2017. Detection and quantification of human chorionic gonadotropin levels in human placental choriocarcinoma cell lines. Summer Conference 2017. Middlesex University Jun 2017

The effect of plasma volume on changes in biomarkers of muscle damage, inflammation, oxidative stress and leukocyte differential following a 42.2 km trail run, and the efficacy of recovery interventions

Cockburn, E., Hills, F., Wilson, L., Paice, K., Wood, A. and Dimitriou, L. 2017. The effect of plasma volume on changes in biomarkers of muscle damage, inflammation, oxidative stress and leukocyte differential following a 42.2 km trail run, and the efficacy of recovery interventions. BASES Conference 2017. Nottingham, UK 28 - 29 Nov 2017 Taylor and Francis. pp. s26 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1378421

The influence of cold water immersion on markers of recovery following resistance exercise

Wilson, L., Dimitriou, L., Hills, F., Gondek, M. and Cockburn, E. 2017. The influence of cold water immersion on markers of recovery following resistance exercise. BASES Conference 2017. Nottingham, UK 28 - 29 Nov 2017 Taylor and Francis. pp. s66 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1378421

Influence of cold water immersion and cherry juice on recovery following a 42.2km trail run

Paice, K., Dimitriou, L., Wilson, L., Hills, F., Sinclair, S., Gondek, M., Kwan, X. and Wood, A. 2017. Influence of cold water immersion and cherry juice on recovery following a 42.2km trail run. BASES Conference 2017. Nottingham, UK 28 - 29 Nov 2017 Taylor and Francis. pp. s92 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1378421

Recovery following a marathon: a comparison of cold water immersion, whole body cryotherapy and a placebo control

Wilson, L., Cockburn, E., Paice, K., Sinclair, S., Faki, T., Hills, F., Gondek, M., Wood, A. and Dimitriou, L. 2018. Recovery following a marathon: a comparison of cold water immersion, whole body cryotherapy and a placebo control. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 118 (1), pp. 153-163. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3757-z

Analysis of procainamide-derivatised heparan sulphate disaccharides in biological samples using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry

Antia, I., Mathew, K., Yagnik, D., Hills, F. and Shah, A. 2018. Analysis of procainamide-derivatised heparan sulphate disaccharides in biological samples using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 410 (1), pp. 131-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-017-0703-1

Competition intensity and fatigue in elite fencing

Turner, A., Kilduff, L., Mrashall, G., Phillips, J., Noto, A., Buttigeig, C., Gondek, M., Hills, F. and Dimitriou, L. 2017. Competition intensity and fatigue in elite fencing. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31 (11), pp. 3128-3136. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001758

The effect of milk on recovery from repeat-sprint cycling in female team-sport athletes

Rankin, P., Lawlor, M., Hills, F., Bell, P., Stevenson, E. and Cockburn, E. 2018. The effect of milk on recovery from repeat-sprint cycling in female team-sport athletes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 43 (2), pp. 113-122. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2017-0275

Heparan sulfate disaccharide measurement from biological samples using pre-column derivatization, UPLC-MS and single ion monitoring

Antia, I., Yagnik, D., Pantoja Munoz, L., Shah, A. and Hills, F. 2017. Heparan sulfate disaccharide measurement from biological samples using pre-column derivatization, UPLC-MS and single ion monitoring. Analytical Biochemistry. 530, pp. 17-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ab.2017.04.019

Detection of the tau protein in human serum by a sensitive four-electrode electrochemical biosensor

Wang, S., Acha, D., Shah, A., Hills, F., Roitt, I., Demosthenous, A. and Bayford, R. 2017. Detection of the tau protein in human serum by a sensitive four-electrode electrochemical biosensor. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 92, pp. 482-488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2016.10.077

Can you spot the difference? Analysis of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) secreted by common non-trophoblastic and trophoblastic cancers

Gondek, M., Hills, F. and Burczynska, B. 2015. Can you spot the difference? Analysis of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) secreted by common non-trophoblastic and trophoblastic cancers. Summer Conference. Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom Jun 2015 Middlesex University.

Placental syndecan-1 and sulphated glycosaminoglycans are decreased in preeclampsia

Heyer-Chauhan, N., Ovbude, I., Hills, A., Sullivan, M. and Hills, F. 2013. Placental syndecan-1 and sulphated glycosaminoglycans are decreased in preeclampsia. Journal of Perinatal Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2013-0097

Differential proteolysis of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in pregnancy

Hills, F., Iles, R. and Sullivan, M. 2013. Differential proteolysis of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in pregnancy. Journal of Perinatal Medicine. 41 (3), pp. 241-249. https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2012-0086

Insulin-like growth factor-II and heparin are anti-apoptotic survival factors in human villous cytotrophoblast

Hills, F., Mehmet, H. and Sullivan, M. 2012. Insulin-like growth factor-II and heparin are anti-apoptotic survival factors in human villous cytotrophoblast. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology. 163 (1), pp. 11-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2012.03.013

Reciprocal imprinting of human GRB10 in placental trophoblast and brain: evolutionary conservation of reversed allelic expression

Monk, D., Arnaud, P., Frost, J., Hills, F., Stanier, P., Feil, R. and Moore, G. 2009. Reciprocal imprinting of human GRB10 in placental trophoblast and brain: evolutionary conservation of reversed allelic expression. Human Molecular Genetics. 18 (16), pp. 3066-3074. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddp248

STOX1 is not imprinted and is not likely to be involved in preeclampsia.

Hills, F., Iglesias-Platas, I., Jebbink, J. and Monk, D. 2007. STOX1 is not imprinted and is not likely to be involved in preeclampsia. Nature Genetics. 39 (3), pp. 279-280. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng0307-279

Imprinting of IGF2 P0 transcript and novel alternatively spliced INS-IGF2 isoforms show differences between mouse and human

Monk, D., Sanches, R., Arnaud, P., Apostolidou, S., Hills, F., Abu-Amero, S., Murrell, A., Friess, H., Reik, W. and Stanier, P. 2006. Imprinting of IGF2 P0 transcript and novel alternatively spliced INS-IGF2 isoforms show differences between mouse and human. Human Molecular Genetics. 15 (8), pp. 1259-1269. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddl041

Heparin prevents programmed cell death in human trophoblast

Hills, F., Abrahams, V., Gonzalez-Timon, B., Francis, J., Cloke, B., Hinkson, L., Rai, R., Regan, L., Mor, G., Sullivan, M., Lam, E. and Brosens, J. 2006. Heparin prevents programmed cell death in human trophoblast. Molecular Human Reproduction. 12 (4), pp. 237-242.

Limited evolutionary conservation of imprinting in the human placenta

Hills, F., Apostolidou, S., Arnaud, P. and Monk, D. 2006. Limited evolutionary conservation of imprinting in the human placenta. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103 (17), pp. 6623-6628. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0511031103

Regulation of human villous trophoblast by insulin-like growth factors and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1

Hills, F., Chard, T., Elder, M. and Sullivan, M. 2004. Regulation of human villous trophoblast by insulin-like growth factors and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1. Journal of Endocrinology. 183 (3), pp. 487-496. https://doi.org/10.1677/joe.1.05867

The insulin-like growth factor system in mammalian pregnancy: a workshop report

Carter, A., Hills, F., O'Gorman, D., Robets, C., Soorana, S., Watson, C. and Westwood, M. 2004. The insulin-like growth factor system in mammalian pregnancy: a workshop report. Placenta. 25 (Supple), pp. S53-S56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2004.01.019

The relationship between insulin and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 is modified by pre-eclampsia.

Anim-Nyame, N., Hills, F., Soorana, S., Steer, P. and Johnson, M. 2003. The relationship between insulin and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 is modified by pre-eclampsia. Gynecological endocrinology.. 17 (6), pp. 471-476. https://doi.org/10.1080/09513590312331290408

Progesterone represses interleukin-8 and cyclo-oxygenase-2 in human lower segment fibroblast cells and amnion epithelial cells

Loudon, J., Elliott, C., Hills, F. and Bennett, P. 2003. Progesterone represses interleukin-8 and cyclo-oxygenase-2 in human lower segment fibroblast cells and amnion epithelial cells. Biology of Reproduction. 69 (1), pp. 331-337.

Regulated expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription, Stat5, and its enhancement of PRL expression in human endometrial stromal cells in vitro

Mak, I., Brosens, J., Christian, M., Hills, F., Chamley, L., Regan, L. and White, J. 2002. Regulated expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription, Stat5, and its enhancement of PRL expression in human endometrial stromal cells in vitro. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 87 (6), pp. 2581-2588. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.87.6.2581

Interactions between progesterone receptor isoforms in myometrial cells in human labour

Pieber, D., Allport, V., Hills, F., Johnson, M. and Bennett, P. 2001. Interactions between progesterone receptor isoforms in myometrial cells in human labour. Molecular Human Reproduction. 7 (9), pp. 875-879. https://doi.org/10.1093/molehr/7.9.875

A longitudinal study of maternal plasma insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 concentrations during normal pregnancy and pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia

Anim-Nyame, N., Hills, F., Soorana, S., Steer, P. and Johnson, M. 2000. A longitudinal study of maternal plasma insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 concentrations during normal pregnancy and pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Human Reproduction. 15 (10), pp. 2215-2219. https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/15.10.2215

Polyclonal anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha Fab used as an ancillary treatment for severe malaria.

Looareesuwan, S., Sjorstrom, L., Krudsood, S., Wilairatana, P., Porter, R., Hills, F. and Warrell, D. 1999. Polyclonal anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha Fab used as an ancillary treatment for severe malaria. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 61 (1), pp. 26-33. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1999.61.26

Effects of co-trimoxazole, erythromycin, amoxycillin, tetracycline and chloroquine on sperm function in vitro

Hargreaves, C., Rogers, S., Hills, F., Rahman, F., Howell, R. and Homa, S. 1998. Effects of co-trimoxazole, erythromycin, amoxycillin, tetracycline and chloroquine on sperm function in vitro. Human Reproduction. 13 (7), pp. 1878-1886.

Antenatal dexamethasone therapy does not affect circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1.

Ogueh, O., Hills, F., Chard, T. and Johnson, M. 1998. Antenatal dexamethasone therapy does not affect circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1. Human Reproduction. 13 (6), pp. 1714-1716. https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/13.6.1714

Mechanism of action of the intrauterine contraceptive device: evidence for a specific biochemical deficiency in the endometrium.

Seleem, S., Hills, F., Salem, H., El-Nashar, E. and Chard, T. 1996. Mechanism of action of the intrauterine contraceptive device: evidence for a specific biochemical deficiency in the endometrium. Human Reproduction. 11 (6), pp. 1220-1222.

Circulating levels of IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-1 throughout pregnancy: relation to birthweight and maternal weight.

Hills, F., English, J. and Chard, T. 1996. Circulating levels of IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-1 throughout pregnancy: relation to birthweight and maternal weight. Journal of Endocrinology. 148 (2), pp. 303-309. https://doi.org/10.1677/joe.0.1480303

IGFBP-1 in the placenta, membranes and fetal circulation: levels at term and preterm delivery

Hills, F., Gunn, L., Hardiman, P., Thanaratnam, S. and Chard, T. 1996. IGFBP-1 in the placenta, membranes and fetal circulation: levels at term and preterm delivery. Early Human Development. 44 (1), pp. 71-76.

Raised circulating levels of interleukin-6 in women with an intrauterine contraceptive device.

Wolley, J., Saleem, S., Hills, F., Salem, H., El-Nashar, E. and Chard, T. 1996. Raised circulating levels of interleukin-6 in women with an intrauterine contraceptive device. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. 42 (4), pp. 241-243.

Lack of evidence for a circadian rhythm of IGFBP-1 in the mother and fetus during labour.

Harding, S., Mensah, A., Hills, F., Howell, R. and Chard, T. 1995. Lack of evidence for a circadian rhythm of IGFBP-1 in the mother and fetus during labour. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 102 (11), pp. 891-893.

Elevated levels of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 in fetal distress.

Crawford, R., Hills, F., Farkas, A. and Chard, T. 1995. Elevated levels of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 in fetal distress. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 102 (7), pp. 538-540.

Superovulation, IGFBP-1 and birth weight.

Johnson, M., Irvine, R., Hills, F., Bolton, V., Abbas, A., Brooks, A., Allman, A., Chard, T. and Nicolaides, K. 1995. Superovulation, IGFBP-1 and birth weight. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Biology. 59 (2), pp. 193-195.

Insulin-related growth factor binding protein-1 levels in ovum donation pregnancies.

Brooks, A., Johnson, M., Hills, F., Chard, T., Irvine, R. and Abdalla, H. 1995. Insulin-related growth factor binding protein-1 levels in ovum donation pregnancies. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Biology. 59 (1), pp. 91-94.

The effects of labor on maternal and fetal levels of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1

Hills, F., Crawford, R., Harding, S., Farkas, F. and Chard, T. 1994. The effects of labor on maternal and fetal levels of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 171 (5), pp. 1292-1295.
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