Sources and pathways for pharmaceuticals in the urban water environment

Conference paper


Tuckwell, R., Revitt, D., Garelick, H., Jones, H. and Ellis, J. 2011. Sources and pathways for pharmaceuticals in the urban water environment. 12th International Conference on Urban Drainage. Porto Alegre, Brazil 11 - 16 Sep 2011
TypeConference paper
TitleSources and pathways for pharmaceuticals in the urban water environment
AuthorsTuckwell, R., Revitt, D., Garelick, H., Jones, H. and Ellis, J.
Abstract

The progress of five pharmaceutical compounds (bezafibrate, carbamazepine, diclofenac, ibuprofen and sulfasalazine) and one antibacterial agent (triclosan) were monitored through the treatment stages of a large sewage treatment works (STW) using activated sludge as well as in the receiving water both upstream and downstream of the effluent discharge. All except sulfasalazine were detected in the influent at concentrations ranging from 1.44-3.75 µg/L. The analysis of prescription data has been used as a tool to predict the amount of pharmaceuticals potentially released into the catchment of the investigated sewage treatment works and the results compared with the measured influent concentrations. A reduction in concentration between influent and final effluent samples (51-97%) indicates the variable removal of these compounds and therefore their potential to be discharged into receiving surface waters. The analysis of primary and final effluents highlight the important processes involved in the removal of pharmaceuticals and indicate that sorption processes are important for bezafibrate, carbamazepine and diclofenac. These three PPCPs were observed at higher concentrations (0.07-0.35 µg/L) downstream of the discharged effluent compared to upstream (0.02-0.04 µg/L) although the risks that these compounds pose in the environment are not yet fully understood.

LanguageEnglish
Conference12th International Conference on Urban Drainage
Publication dates
Print16 Sep 2011
Publication process dates
Deposited23 Apr 2015
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
Copyright Statement

Post-print version included as permitted by conference organisers.

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Sniecinska-Cooper, A., Iles, R., Butler, S., Jones, H., Bayford, R. and Dimitriou, D. 2015. Abnormal secretion of melatonin and cortisol in relation to sleep disturbances in children with Williams syndrome. Sleep Medicine. 16 (1), pp. 94-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2014.09.003
Sorption behaviours and transport potentials for selected pharmaceuticals and triclosan in two sterilised soils
Revitt, D., Balogh, T. and Jones, H. 2015. Sorption behaviours and transport potentials for selected pharmaceuticals and triclosan in two sterilised soils. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 15 (3), pp. 594-606. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-014-1025-y
The mechanisms of arsenic bioremediation from water by the green microalgae Chlorella vulgaris
Pantoja Munoz, L., Purchase, D., Jones, H., Feldmann, J. and Garelick, H. 2014. The mechanisms of arsenic bioremediation from water by the green microalgae Chlorella vulgaris. THE BNASS / TraceSpec Tandem Conference. Aberdeen, Scotland, UK 31 Aug - 04 Sep 2014
Soil mobility of surface applied polyaromatic hydrocarbons in response to simulated rainfall
Revitt, D., Balogh, T. and Jones, H. 2014. Soil mobility of surface applied polyaromatic hydrocarbons in response to simulated rainfall. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 21 (6), pp. 4209-4219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2231-7
The removal of arsenate from water using iron-modified diatomite (D-Fe): isotherm and column experiments
Pantoja Munoz, L., Jones, H., Garelick, H., Mohamedbakr, H. and Burkitbayev, M. 2014. The removal of arsenate from water using iron-modified diatomite (D-Fe): isotherm and column experiments. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 21 (1), pp. 495-506. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1891-7
Enhanced determination of As-phytochelatin complexes in Chlorella vulgaris using focused sonication for extraction of water-soluble species
Pantoja Munoz, L., Purchase, D., Jones, H., Feldmann, J. and Garelick, H. 2014. Enhanced determination of As-phytochelatin complexes in Chlorella vulgaris using focused sonication for extraction of water-soluble species. Analytical Methods. 6 (3), pp. 791-797. https://doi.org/10.1039/C3AY41629A
Development of Zwitterionic Hydrophilic Liquid Chromatography (ZICⓇHILIC-MS) metabolomics method for Shotgun analysis of human urine
Trivedi, D., Jones, H., Shah, A. and Iles, R. 2012. Development of Zwitterionic Hydrophilic Liquid Chromatography (ZICⓇHILIC-MS) metabolomics method for Shotgun analysis of human urine. Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques. 03 (06). https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7064.1000144
A brief multi-disciplinary review on antimicrobial resistance in medicine and its linkage to the global environmental microbiota
Cantas, L., Shah, S.Q.A., Cavaco, L., Manaia, C., Walsh, F., Popowska, M., Garelick, H., Bürgmann, H. and Sørum, H. 2013. A brief multi-disciplinary review on antimicrobial resistance in medicine and its linkage to the global environmental microbiota. Frontiers in Microbiology. 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2013.00096
Enzymatic formulation capable of degrading scrapie prion under mild digestion conditions
Okoroma, E., Purchase, D., Garelick, H., Morris, R., Neale, M., Windl, O. and Abiola, O. 2013. Enzymatic formulation capable of degrading scrapie prion under mild digestion conditions. PLoS ONE. 8 (7), pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068099
Identification and characterisation of a Bacillus licheniformis strain with profound keratinase activity for degradation of melanised feather
Okoroma, E., Garelick, H., Abiola, O. and Purchase, D. 2012. Identification and characterisation of a Bacillus licheniformis strain with profound keratinase activity for degradation of melanised feather. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation. 74, pp. 54-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2012.07.013
Power, participation and partnership: methodological reflection on researching professional doctorate candidates' experiences of researching in the workplace
Weller, G., Volante, M. and Garelick, H. 2011. Power, participation and partnership: methodological reflection on researching professional doctorate candidates' experiences of researching in the workplace. Work Based Learning e-Journal International. 2 (1), pp. 155-174.
Technical note: effects of arsenate (AS5+) on growth and production of glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins (PCS) in Chlorella Vulgaris
Jiang, Y., Purchase, D., Jones, H. and Garelick, H. 2011. Technical note: effects of arsenate (AS5+) on growth and production of glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins (PCS) in Chlorella Vulgaris. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 13 (8), pp. 834-844. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2010.525560
Multi-criteria analysis for the assessment of options for the mitigation/remediation of arsenic in drinking water.
Ellis, J. and Garelick, H. 2009. Multi-criteria analysis for the assessment of options for the mitigation/remediation of arsenic in drinking water. in: Garelick, H. and Jones, H. (ed.) Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology: an international perspective. New York Springer.
Evaluation study of the IHM project on the evaluation of the accreditation of health and social care managers: a pilot.
Weller, G. and Garelick, H. 2010. Evaluation study of the IHM project on the evaluation of the accreditation of health and social care managers: a pilot. London Middlesex University.
A novel enzymatic composition effective for prion degradation
Okoroma, E., Purchase, D., Garelick, H. and Abiola, O. 2011. A novel enzymatic composition effective for prion degradation. Society for General Microbiology Spring Conference. Harrogate, UK 11 - 14 Apr 2011
European MSc programs in nuclear sciences: to meet the need of stakeholders.
Skipperud, L., Salbu, B., Priest, N., Garelick, H., Tamponnet, T., Abbott, A. and Mitchell, P. 2011. European MSc programs in nuclear sciences: to meet the need of stakeholders. Nuclear Engineering and Design. 241 (4), pp. 1013-1017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2010.03.018
Keratin degradation by proteolytic microorganisms isolated from activated sludge and farmyard manure: possible application in decontamination of prion protein
Purchase, D., Garelick, H., Okoroma, E., Christen, H. and Abiola, O. 2007. Keratin degradation by proteolytic microorganisms isolated from activated sludge and farmyard manure: possible application in decontamination of prion protein. BAGECO 9: 9th Symposium on Bacterial Genetics and Ecology. Wernigerode, Germany
The development of work based learning for sustainable environmental education.
Garelick, H., Rounce, K. and Garnett, J. 2007. The development of work based learning for sustainable environmental education. World Environmental Education Congress 2007. Durban, South Africa 02 - 06 Jul 2007
Remediation technologies for the removal of arsenic from water and wastewater
Garelick, H., Bollinger, J., Bux, K., Caussy, D., Dybowska, A., Ellis, J., Feldmann, J., Jones, H., Priest, N., Shevah, Y., Sneddon, R., Valsami-Jones, E. and Visoottiviseth, P. 2005. Remediation technologies for the removal of arsenic from water and wastewater. 43rd IUPAC General Assembly. Beijing, China 13 - 21 Aug 2005
The development of a doctorate in Professional Studies in Health.
Rounce, K., Garelick, H., Vernon, L. and Portwood, D. 2005. The development of a doctorate in Professional Studies in Health. in: Rounce, K. and Workman, B. (ed.) Work based learning in health care: applications and innovations. Kingsham Press.
Sanitation and disease: health aspects of excreta and wastewater management.
Feachem, R., Bradley, D., Garelick, H. and Mara, D. 1983. Sanitation and disease: health aspects of excreta and wastewater management. Published for the World Bank by Wiley.
Water and health. [Chapter 6 of 'Sustainable water: chemical science priorities summary report']
Green, C., Donner, E., Faulkner, H., Garelick, H., Jones, H., Revitt, D. and Lundy, L. 2007. Water and health. [Chapter 6 of 'Sustainable water: chemical science priorities summary report']. Royal Society of Chemistry.
Safe water.
Garelick, H. 2002. Safe water. in: Dawood, R. (ed.) Travellers' health: how to stay healthy abroad. OUP.
Pollutant biodegradation potentials on airport surfaces.
Revitt, D., Garelick, H. and Worrall, P. 2002. Pollutant biodegradation potentials on airport surfaces. in: Strecker, E. and Huber, W. (ed.) Global solutions for urban drainage. American Society of Civil Engineers.
Existing competence and infrastructure in radiation protection training at postgraduate level within the EU and new entrant states.
Mitchell, P., Bowden, L., Vintro, L., García-Tenorio, R., Garelick, H., Holm, E., Kovacs, T., Kovats, N., Priest, N., Salbu, B., Skipperud, L. and Tamponnet, C. 2005. Existing competence and infrastructure in radiation protection training at postgraduate level within the EU and new entrant states. ETRAP2005 Conference (3rd International Conference on Education and Training in Radiological Protection). Brussels, Belgium 23 - 25 Nov 2005
Keratinase production by proteolytic micro-organisms in activated sludge and farmyard waste.
Okoroma, E., Purchase, D., Garelick, H. and Abiola, O. 2008. Keratinase production by proteolytic micro-organisms in activated sludge and farmyard waste. Society for General Microbiology, Autumn Meeting. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland 08 - 11 Sep 2008
Bacterial keratinase: prospects for prion degradation.
Okoroma, E., Purchase, D., Garelick, H. and Abiola, O. 2009. Bacterial keratinase: prospects for prion degradation. Society for General Microbiology, Spring Meeting. Harrogate, UK 30 Mar - 02 Apr 2009
Mitigating arsenic pollution: bridging the gap between knowledge and practice
Garelick, H. and Jones, H. 2008. Mitigating arsenic pollution: bridging the gap between knowledge and practice. Chemistry International. 30 (4).
Organisational involvement in supporting the learned professional
Weller, G., Garelick, H., Naylor, D. and Sherry, R. 2010. Organisational involvement in supporting the learned professional. Work Based Learning e-Journal International. 1 (1), pp. 106-124.
A biokinetic model to describe the distribution and excretion of arsenic by man following acute and chronic intakes of arsenite/arsenate compounds by ingestion.
Adeyemi, A., Garelick, H. and Priest, N. 2010. A biokinetic model to describe the distribution and excretion of arsenic by man following acute and chronic intakes of arsenite/arsenate compounds by ingestion. Human and Experimental Toxicology. 29 (11), pp. 891-902. https://doi.org/10.1177/0960327110364912
The xenobiotic impact of sedimentary metals in an urban river
Adeyemi, A., Lundy, L., Revitt, D., Jones, H. and Faulkner, H. 2009. The xenobiotic impact of sedimentary metals in an urban river. International Conference on Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle (Proceedings of). Paphos, Cyprus 11 - 13 Mar 2009
Antimicrobial resistance of campylobacter species isolated from edible bivalve molluscs purchased from Bangkok markets, Thailand
Soonthornchaikul, N. and Garelick, H. 2009. Antimicrobial resistance of campylobacter species isolated from edible bivalve molluscs purchased from Bangkok markets, Thailand. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 6 (8), pp. 947-951. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2008.0236
Degradation of scrapie infected brain homogenateby a novel bacterial keratinase
Okoroma, E., Purchase, D., Garelick, H., Jen, A., Morris, R. and Abiola, O. 2009. Degradation of scrapie infected brain homogenateby a novel bacterial keratinase. Prion 2009. Chalkidiki, Greece 23 - 25 Sep 2009
A multi-criteria approach for assessing options to remediate arsenic in drinking water
Ellis, J. and Garelick, H. 2009. A multi-criteria approach for assessing options to remediate arsenic in drinking water. in: Garelick, H. and Jones, H. (ed.) Reviews of environmental contamination: international perspectives on arsenic pollution and remediation New York Springer.
Constructed wetland control of BOD levels in airport runoff
Adeola, S., Revitt, D., Shutes, B., Garelick, H., Jones, H. and Jones, C. 2009. Constructed wetland control of BOD levels in airport runoff. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 11 (1), pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226510802363220
Case Reports: Arsenic pollution in Thailand, Bangladesh and Hungary
Jones, H., Visoottiviseth, P., Bux, M., Földényi, R., Kováts, N., Borbély, G. and Galbács, Z. 2008. Case Reports: Arsenic pollution in Thailand, Bangladesh and Hungary. in: Garelick, H. and Jones, H. (ed.) Reviews of Environmental Contamination New York Springer.
Work based learning for the development of the chemistry professional.
Garelick, H., Page, A. and Weller, G. 2008. Work based learning for the development of the chemistry professional. 2nd International IUPAC Conference on Green Chemistry. 14 - 19 September 2008
Factors influencing subjective ranking of driver distractions
Patel, J., Ball, D. and Jones, H. 2008. Factors influencing subjective ranking of driver distractions. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 40 (1), pp. 392-395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2007.07.006
Arsenic pollution sources
Garelick, H., Jones, H., Dybowska, A. and Valsami-Jones, E. 2008. Arsenic pollution sources. in: Garelick, H. and Jones, H. (ed.) Reviews of environmental contamination: international perspectives on arsenic pollution and remediation New York Springer.
Resistance to three antimicrobial agents of Campylobacter isolated from organically- and intensively-reared chickens purchased from retail outlets
Soonthornchaikul, N., Garelick, H., Jones, H., Jacobs, J., Ball, D. and Choudhury, M. 2006. Resistance to three antimicrobial agents of Campylobacter isolated from organically- and intensively-reared chickens purchased from retail outlets. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 27 (2), pp. 125-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2005.09.020
Remediation technologies for arsenic contaminated drinking waters.
Garelick, H., Dybowska, A., Valsami-Jones, E. and Priest, N. 2005. Remediation technologies for arsenic contaminated drinking waters. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 5 (3), pp. 182-190. https://doi.org/10.1065/jss2005.06.140
An investigation into arsenic(V) removal from aqueous solutions by hydroxylapatite and bone-char.
Sneddon, I., Garelick, H. and Valsami-Jones, E. 2005. An investigation into arsenic(V) removal from aqueous solutions by hydroxylapatite and bone-char. Mineralogical Magazine. 69 (5), pp. 769-780. https://doi.org/10.1180/0026461056950287
The performance of vegetative treatment systems for highway runoff during dry and wet weather conditions
Revitt, D., Forshaw, M., Jones, H. and Shutes, B. 2004. The performance of vegetative treatment systems for highway runoff during dry and wet weather conditions. Science of the Total Environment. 334-335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.04.046
Practical experiences of the use of vegetated ponds for the treatment of highway runoff
Revitt, D., Shutes, B., Jones, H., Forshaw, M. and Winter, B. 2003. Practical experiences of the use of vegetated ponds for the treatment of highway runoff. Pratt, C., Davies, J., Newman, A. and Perry, J. (ed.) 2nd National UK Conference on Sustainable Drainage. Coventry, UK 23 - 24 Jun 2003 School of Science and the Environment, Coventry University. pp. 19-29
Minimum requirements for reporting analytical data for environmental samples.(IUPAC Technical Report).
Egli, H., Dassenakis, M., Garelick, H., Grieken, R., Peijnenburg, W., Klasinc, L., Kördel, W., Priest, N. and Tavares, T. 2003. Minimum requirements for reporting analytical data for environmental samples.(IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry. 75 (8), pp. 1097-1106. https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200375081097
Hydrocarbon removal in an experimental gravel bed constructed wetland
Shutes, B., Katima, J., Omari, K., Revitt, D. and Garelick, H. 2003. Hydrocarbon removal in an experimental gravel bed constructed wetland. Water Science & Technology. 48 (5), pp. 275-282. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0333
An assessment of the toxicity of some pesticides and their metabolites affecting a natural aquatic environment using the Microtox (TM) system
Amoros, I., Connon, R., Garelick, H., Alonso, J. and Carrasco, J. 2000. An assessment of the toxicity of some pesticides and their metabolites affecting a natural aquatic environment using the Microtox (TM) system. Water Science & Technology. 42 (1-2), pp. 19-24. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2000.0285
Comparison and recovery of escherichia coli and thermotolerant coliforms in water with a chromogenic medium incubated at 41 and 44.5°C
Alonso, J., Soriano, A., Carbajo, O., Amoros, I. and Garelick, H. 1999. Comparison and recovery of escherichia coli and thermotolerant coliforms in water with a chromogenic medium incubated at 41 and 44.5°C. Applied Environmental Microbiology. 65 (8), pp. 3746-3749.
The microbiology associated with glycol removal in constructed wetlands
Chong, S., Garelick, H., Revitt, D., Shutes, B., Worrall, P. and Brewer, D. 1999. The microbiology associated with glycol removal in constructed wetlands. Water Science & Technology. 40 (3), pp. 99-107. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1999.0145
Quantitative determination of escherichia coli in water using CHROMagar® E. coli
Alonso, J., Amoros, I., Chong, S. and Garelick, H. 1996. Quantitative determination of escherichia coli in water using CHROMagar® E. coli. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 25 (3), pp. 309-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7012(96)00002-4
Preparation and immunogenicity of an inactivated hepatitis A vaccine
Pellegrini, V., Fineschi, N., Matteucci, G., Marsili, I., Nencioni, L., Puddu, M., Garelick, H. and Zuckerman, A. 1993. Preparation and immunogenicity of an inactivated hepatitis A vaccine. Vaccine. 11 (3), pp. 383-387. https://doi.org/10.1016/0264-410X(93)90204-B
Characterization of a hepatitis A virus strain suitable for vaccine production
Fineschi, N., Cavalieri, F., Garelick, H., Prugnola, A., Pellegrini, V. and Zuckerman, A. 1991. Characterization of a hepatitis A virus strain suitable for vaccine production. Journal of Hepatology. 13, pp. S146-S151. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-8278(91)90048-G
Persistence of hepatitis A virus in fulminant hepatitis and after liver transplantation.
Fagan, E., Yousef, G., Brahm, J., Garelick, H., Mann, G., Wolstenholme, A., Portmann, B., Harrison, T., Mowbray, J., Mowat, A., Zuckerman, A. and Williams, D. 1990. Persistence of hepatitis A virus in fulminant hepatitis and after liver transplantation. Journal of Medical Virology. 30 (2), pp. 131-136. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.1890300210
Cytotoxicity of fusobacterium ulcerans
Adriaans, B. and Garelick, H. 1989. Cytotoxicity of fusobacterium ulcerans. Journal of Medical Microbiology. 29 (3), pp. 177-180. https://doi.org/10.1099/00222615-29-3-177
Comparison of edmonston-zagreb and schwarz strains of measles vaccine given by aerosol or subcutaneous injection
Khanum, S., Garelick, H., Nasir, U., Mann, G. and Tomkins, A. 1987. Comparison of edmonston-zagreb and schwarz strains of measles vaccine given by aerosol or subcutaneous injection. The Lancet. 329 (8525), pp. 150-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(87)91978-7
Concentration of virus from tap water at ambient salt and pH levels using positively charged filter media
Garelick, H. and Scutt, J. 1981. Concentration of virus from tap water at ambient salt and pH levels using positively charged filter media. Water Research. 15 (7), pp. 815-816. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(81)90134-2