An approach to human-machine teaming in legal investigations using anchored narrative visualisation and machine learning

Conference paper


Attfield, S., Fields, B., Windridge, D. and Xu, K. 2019. An approach to human-machine teaming in legal investigations using anchored narrative visualisation and machine learning. Conrad, J., Pickens, J., Jones, A., Baron, J. and Henseler, H. (ed.) First International Workshop on AI and Intelligent Assistance for Legal Professionals in the Digital Workplace (LegalAIIA 2019).. Montreal, Canada 17 Jun 2019 CEUR Workshop Proceedings. pp. 7-11
TypeConference paper
TitleAn approach to human-machine teaming in legal investigations using anchored narrative visualisation and machine learning
AuthorsAttfield, S., Fields, B., Windridge, D. and Xu, K.
Abstract

During legal investigations, analysts typically create external representations of an investigated domain as resource for cognitive offloading, reflection and collaboration. For investigations involving very large numbers of documents as evidence, creating such representations can be slow and costly, but essential. We believe that software tools, including interactive visualisation and machine learning, can be transformative in this arena, but that design must be predicated on an understanding of how such tools might support and enhance investigator cognition and team-based collaboration. In this paper, we propose an approach to this problem by: (a) allowing users to visually externalise their evolving mental models of an investigation domain in the form of thematically organized Anchored Narratives; and (b) using such narratives as a (more or less) tacit interface to cooperative, mixed initiative machine learning. We elaborate our approach through a discussion of representational forms significant to legal investigations and discuss the idea of linking such representations to machine learning.

LanguageEnglish
ConferenceFirst International Workshop on AI and Intelligent Assistance for Legal Professionals in the Digital Workplace (LegalAIIA 2019).
Page range7-11
EditorsConrad, J., Pickens, J., Jones, A., Baron, J. and Henseler, H.
ISSN1613-0073
PublisherCEUR Workshop Proceedings
Publication dates
Print17 Jun 2019
Online01 Dec 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited07 Jan 2020
Accepted11 May 2019
Output statusPublished
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Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2019 for this paper by its authors. Use permitted under Creative Commons License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). Published at http://ceur-ws.org.

Additional information

Volume: 2484

Web address (URL)http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2484/
Book titleProceedings of the First International Workshop on AI and Intelligent Assistance for Legal Professionals in the Digital Workplace (LegalAIIA 2019). June 17, 2019. Montreal, QC, Canada
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Tirunagari, S., Poh, N., Bober, M. and Windridge, D. 2015. Windowed DMD as a microtexture descriptor for finger vein counter-spoofing in biometrics. 2015 IEEE International Workshop on Information Forensics and Security (WIFS). Rome, Italy 16 - 19 Nov 2015 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 1-6 https://doi.org/10.1109/WIFS.2015.7368599
Globally optimal 2D-3D registration from points or lines without correspondences
Brown, M., Windridge, D. and Guillemaut, J. 2015. Globally optimal 2D-3D registration from points or lines without correspondences. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV). Santiago, Chile 07 - 13 Dec 2015 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 2111-2119 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCV.2015.244
A generalisable framework for saliency-based line segment detection
Brown, M., Windridge, D. and Guillemaut, J. 2015. A generalisable framework for saliency-based line segment detection. Pattern Recognition. 48 (12), pp. 3993-4011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.patcog.2015.06.015
A novel Markov logic rule induction strategy for characterizing sports video footage
Windridge, D., Kittler, J., De Campos, T., Yan, F., Christmas, W. and Khan, A. 2015. A novel Markov logic rule induction strategy for characterizing sports video footage. IEEE MultiMedia. 22 (2), pp. 24-35. https://doi.org/10.1109/MMUL.2014.36
Artificial co-drivers as a universal enabling technology for future intelligent vehicles and transportation systems
Da Lio, M., Biral, F., Bertolazzi, E., Galvani, M., Bosetti, P., Windridge, D., Saroldi, A. and Tango, F. 2015. Artificial co-drivers as a universal enabling technology for future intelligent vehicles and transportation systems. IEEE Transactions on intelligent transportation systems. 16 (1), pp. 244-263. https://doi.org/10.1109/TITS.2014.2330199
Breast cancer data analytics with missing values: a study on ethnic, age and income groups
Tirunagari, S., Poh, N., Abdulrahman, H., Nemmour, N. and Windridge, D. 2015. Breast cancer data analytics with missing values: a study on ethnic, age and income groups. ArXiv e-prints: Quantitative Biology > Quantitative Methods. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.1503.03680
The application of mHealth to mental health: opportunities and challenges
Marzano, L., Bardill, A., Fields, B., Herd, K., Veale, D., Grey, N. and Moran, P. 2015. The application of mHealth to mental health: opportunities and challenges. The Lancet Psychiatry. 2 (10), pp. 942-948. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00268-0
Multilevel Chinese takeaway process and label-based processes for rule induction in the context of automated sports video annotation
Khan, A., Windridge, D. and Kittler, J. 2014. Multilevel Chinese takeaway process and label-based processes for rule induction in the context of automated sports video annotation. IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics. 44 (10), pp. 1910-1923. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCYB.2014.2299955
External representation of provenance in intelligence analysis
Wheat, A., Attfield, S. and Fields, B. 2014. External representation of provenance in intelligence analysis. Provenance for Sensemaking IEEE VIS 2014 Workshop. Paris, France 10 Nov 2014
Domain anomaly detection in machine perception: a system architecture and taxonomy
Kittler, J., Christmas, W., De Campos, T., Windridge, D., Yan, F., Illingworth, J. and Osman, M. 2014. Domain anomaly detection in machine perception: a system architecture and taxonomy. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. 36 (5), pp. 845-859. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2013.209
From global terminology to local terminology: a review of cross-cultural interface design solutions
Duncker-Gassen, E., Sheikh, J. and Fields, B. 2013. From global terminology to local terminology: a review of cross-cultural interface design solutions. in: Rau, P. (ed.) Cross-Cultural Design. Methods Practice and Case-Studies: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference CCD 2013, held as part of HCI Inernational 2013, Las Vegas Springer.
Cultural representation for multi-culture interaction design
Sheikh, J., Fields, B. and Duncker-Gassen, E. 2009. Cultural representation for multi-culture interaction design. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 5623 (14), pp. 99-107. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02767-3_11
A saliency-based framework for 2D-3D registration
Brown, M., Guillemaut, J. and Windridge, D. 2014. A saliency-based framework for 2D-3D registration. 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications (VISAPP 2014). Lisbon, Portugal 05 - 08 Jan 2014 SciTePress. pp. 265-273 https://doi.org/10.5220/0004675402650273
Supervised selective kernel fusion for membrane protein prediction
Tatarchuk, A., Sulimova, V., Torshin, I., Mottl, V. and Windridge, D. 2014. Supervised selective kernel fusion for membrane protein prediction. Comin, M., Käll, L., Marchiori, E., Ngom, A. and Rajapakse, J. (ed.) 9th IAPR International Conference Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics (PRIB 2014). Stockholm, Sweden 21 - 23 Aug 2014 Springer. pp. 98-109 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09192-1_9
Challenges in designing an online healthcare platform for personalised patient analytics
Poh, N., Tirunagari, S. and Windridge, D. 2014. Challenges in designing an online healthcare platform for personalised patient analytics. 2014 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Big Data (CIBD). Orlando, FL., USA 09 - 12 Dec 2014 IEEE. pp. 1-6 https://doi.org/10.1109/CIBD.2014.7011526
Patient level analytics using self-organising maps: a case study on type-1 diabetes self-care survey responses
Tirunagari, S., Poh, N., Aliabadi, K., Windridge, D. and Cooke, D. 2014. Patient level analytics using self-organising maps: a case study on type-1 diabetes self-care survey responses. 2014 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Data Mining (CIDM). Orlando, FL., USA 09 - 12 Dec 2014 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 304-309 https://doi.org/10.1109/CIDM.2014.7008682
Non-enumerative cross validation for the determination of structural parameters in feature-selective SVMs
Chernousova, E., Levdik, P., Tatarchuk, A., Mottl, V. and Windridge, D. 2014. Non-enumerative cross validation for the determination of structural parameters in feature-selective SVMs. 22nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition ICPR 2014. Stockholm, Sweden 24 - 28 Aug 2014 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 3654-3659 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPR.2014.628
Linear regression via elastic net: non-enumerative leave-one-out verification of feature selection
Chernousova, E., Razin, N., Krasotkina, O., Mottl, V. and Windridge, D. 2014. Linear regression via elastic net: non-enumerative leave-one-out verification of feature selection. in: Aleskerov, F., Goldengorin, B. and Pardalos, P. (ed.) Clusters, Orders, and Trees: Methods and Applications: In Honor of Boris Mirkin's 70th Birthday New York Springer.
Automatic annotation of tennis games: an integration of audio, vision, and learning
Yan, F., Kittler, J., Windridge, D., Christmas, W., Mikolajczyk, K., Cox, S. and Huang, Q. 2014. Automatic annotation of tennis games: an integration of audio, vision, and learning. Image and Vision Computing. 32 (11), pp. 896-903. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imavis.2014.08.004
High throughput screening for mammography using a human-computer interface with rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP)
Abbey, C., Hope, C., Sterr, A., Elangovan, P., Geades, N., Windridge, D., Young, K., Wells, K. and Mello-Thoms, C. 2013. High throughput screening for mammography using a human-computer interface with rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP). SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8673. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2007557
Looking to score: the dissociation of goal influence on eye movement and meta-attentional allocation in a complex dynamic natural scene
Taya, S., Windridge, D. and Osman, M. 2012. Looking to score: the dissociation of goal influence on eye movement and meta-attentional allocation in a complex dynamic natural scene. PLoS ONE. 7 (6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039060
Conversational spaces for learning and designing
Fields, B., Bardill, A. and Jones, S. 2010. Conversational spaces for learning and designing. CHI2010 Workshop on New Generation of HCI and Education. Atlanta, GA, USA 10 - 15 Apr 2010
A grounded theory approach towards conceptualizing CIS for heterogeneous work communities
Selvaraj, N. and Fields, B. 2009. A grounded theory approach towards conceptualizing CIS for heterogeneous work communities. Proceedings of the 23rd British HCI Group Annual Conference on People and Computers: Celebrating People and Technology. Cambridge, UK 01 - 05 Sep 2009 Swindon, UK British Computer Society. pp. 471-479
Developing a framework of common information space (CIS): grounded theory analysis of airport CIS
Selvaraj, N. and Fields, B. 2010. Developing a framework of common information space (CIS): grounded theory analysis of airport CIS. CRIWG10: Proceedings of the 16th international conference on Collaboration and technology. Maastricht, The Netherlands Berlin, Germany Springer Verlag.
The roles of time, place, value and relationships in collocated photo sharing with camera phones
Stelmaszewska, H., Fields, B. and Blandford, A. 2008. The roles of time, place, value and relationships in collocated photo sharing with camera phones. England, D. and Beale, R. (ed.) The 22nd British HCI Group Annual Conference on People and Computers: Culture, Creativity, Interaction. Liverpool, UK 01 - 05 Sep 2008 Swindon, UK British Computer Society.
The cultural integration of knowledge management into interactive design
Sheikh, J., Fields, B. and Duncker-Gassen, E. 2011. The cultural integration of knowledge management into interactive design. HI'11 Proceedings of the 2011 international conference on Human interface and the management of information. Orlando, FL, USA 09 - 14 Jul 2011 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-21793-7_6
Mediation role of boundary objects in articulating common information spaces.
Selvaraj, N. and Fields, B. 2010. Mediation role of boundary objects in articulating common information spaces. Workshop held in conjunction with the 9th International Conference on the Designing Cooperative Systems (COOP 2010). Aix-en-Provence, France 18 - 21 May 2010
Design tribes and information spaces for creative conversations
Bardill, A., Griffiths, W., Jones, S. and Fields, B. 2010. Design tribes and information spaces for creative conversations. The 12th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. Trondheim, Norway 02 - 03 Sep 2010
Addressing missing values in kernel-based multimodal biometric fusion using neutral point substitution
Poh, N., Windridge, D., Mottl, V., Tatarchuk, A. and Eliseyev, A. 2010. Addressing missing values in kernel-based multimodal biometric fusion using neutral point substitution. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. 5 (3), pp. 461-469. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIFS.2010.2053535
Lo-fi prototyping to design interactive-tabletop applications for children
Rick, J., Francois, P., Fields, B., Fleck, R., Yuill, N. and Carr, A. 2010. Lo-fi prototyping to design interactive-tabletop applications for children. The 9th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children. Barcelona, Spain 09 - 12 Jun 2010 New York, NY, USA ACM. pp. 138-146
3D-in-2D Displays for ATC.
Wong, B., Rozzi, S., Boccalatte, A., Gaukrodger, S., Amaldi, P., Fields, B., Loomes, M. and Martin, P. 2007. 3D-in-2D Displays for ATC. in: Brochard, M. and Jurgens, M. (ed.) 6th EUROCONTROL innovative research workshop & exhibition. Eurocontrol. pp. 47-62
A framework for considering spatial-temporal representation design needs in air traffic control.
Wong, B., Rozzi, S., Amaldi, P., Woodward, P. and Fields, B. 2006. A framework for considering spatial-temporal representation design needs in air traffic control. in: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th annual meeting: October 16 - 20, 2006, San Francisco. Santa Monica, CA. HFES. pp. 250-254
Research into EMD at the London ambulance service: stage 1 report requirements, priorities and projects.
Wong, B., Fields, B. and Blandford, A. 2000. Research into EMD at the London ambulance service: stage 1 report requirements, priorities and projects. London Middlesex University.
Emergency medical dispatch at the London ambulance service.
Wong, B., Blandford, A. and Fields, B. 2000. Emergency medical dispatch at the London ambulance service. Middlesex University.
Evaluating combined 2D/3D displays for ATC.
Rozzi, S., Woodward, P., Amaldi, P., Fields, B. and Wong, B. 2006. Evaluating combined 2D/3D displays for ATC. in: 5th EUROCONTROL innovative research workshop & exhibition: proceedings. Eurocontrol: [http://inoworkshop.eurocontrol.fr/]. pp. 167-174
Developing visualisations to support spatial-temporal reasoning in ATC.
Rozzi, S., Wong, B., Woodward, P., Amaldi, P., Fields, B. and Panizzi, E. 2006. Developing visualisations to support spatial-temporal reasoning in ATC. in: Pejcic-Tarle, S. (ed.) Second international conference on research in air transportation. Belgrade, Serbia University of Belgrade: Faculty of Traffic and Transport Engineering.
Design sketching for space and time
Rozzi, S., Wong, B., Amaldi, P., Woodward, P. and Fields, B. 2006. Design sketching for space and time. in: Clemmensen, T., Orngreen, R., Pejtersen, A. and Wong, B. (ed.) Human work interaction design: designing for human work : the first IFIP TC 13.6 WG conference New York Springer.
Operational potential for 3D displays in air traffic control
Rozzi, S., Amaldi, P., Wong, B. and Fields, B. 2007. Operational potential for 3D displays in air traffic control. in: Brinkman, W., Ham, D. and Wong, B. (ed.) ECCE 2007: European conference on cognitive ergonomics, 2007. New York Association for computing machinery.
Next generation 4D HMI concepts. Deliverable 14. Report prepared for AD4: 4D virtual airspace management system, sixth framework programme, priority 1.4 aeronautics and space.
Wong, B., Panifici, E., Lot, D., Amaldi, P., Fields, B. and Rozzi, S. 2005. Next generation 4D HMI concepts. Deliverable 14. Report prepared for AD4: 4D virtual airspace management system, sixth framework programme, priority 1.4 aeronautics and space. Rome NEXT Sistems Ingegeria o..
Operational concepts report Vol.2: tower control deliverable 12.
Amaldi, P., Fields, B., Rozzi, S., Woodward, P. and Wong, B. 2005. Operational concepts report Vol.2: tower control deliverable 12. Middlesex University Press.
Operational Concepts Report Vol.1: Approach Control.
Amaldi, P., Fields, B., Rozzi, S. and Wong, B. 2005. Operational Concepts Report Vol.1: Approach Control. London Middlesex University Press.
Disrupting digital library development with scenario informed design
Fields, B., Blandford, A., Furniss, D. and Keith, S. 2007. Disrupting digital library development with scenario informed design. Interacting with Computers. 19 (1), pp. 70-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intcom.2006.07.003
Claims analysis "In The Wild": a case study on digital library development
Fields, B., Blandford, A. and Keith, S. 2006. Claims analysis "In The Wild": a case study on digital library development. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction. 21 (2), pp. 197-218. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327590ijhc2102_5
Dynamic digital libraries for children.
Fields, B., Buchanan, G., Mohd-Nasir, N. and Theng, Y. 2001. Dynamic digital libraries for children. in: 1st ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital Libraries, Proceedings. NY, USA ACM New York. pp. 406-411
Representing collaborative work: the airport as common information space
Fields, B., Tassi, A. and Amaldi-Trillo, P. 2005. Representing collaborative work: the airport as common information space. Cognition Technoogy and Work. 7 (2), pp. 119-133. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10111-005-0177-3
A study into the effect of digitisation projects on the management and stability of historic photograph collections.
Butterworth, R., Fields, B., Curzon, P. and Davis-Perkins, V. 2005. A study into the effect of digitisation projects on the management and stability of historic photograph collections. in: 9th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL 2005), Vienna, Austria. Proceedings. Heidelberg. Springer Berlin.