The screen and the sand-timer: The integration the interactive whiteboard into an early years free-flow learning environment

Article


Sakr, M. and Scollan, A. 2019. The screen and the sand-timer: The integration the interactive whiteboard into an early years free-flow learning environment. Journal of Early Childhood Research. 17 (3), pp. 190-204. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476718X19851538
TypeArticle
TitleThe screen and the sand-timer: The integration the interactive whiteboard into an early years free-flow learning environment
AuthorsSakr, M. and Scollan, A.
Abstract

This paper aims to explore how the Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) is situated in the social and material conditions of an early years free-flow learning environment. It examines how the affordances of the IWB and the expectations of the surrounding classroom impact on how activity involving the IWB unfolds. It achieves this through an analysis of observations, documented through video, of how children enter into and exit from activities involving the IWB during free-flow activity time. We share the different types of entrance and exit observed, and what these suggest about the social and material conditions in which IWB is situated. Based on these findings, we suggest opportunities for the disruption of existing patterns of integration of the IWB into the learning environment, so as to explore the potential for more collaborative and creative engagement with the technology. Specifically, we argue that the emphasis on turn-taking that characterises the early years learning environment – an emphasis reinforced by the inability of the IWB to support simultaneous engagement by multiple users – is prompting children to engage individually with the resources and miss opportunities to create and play together.

Keywordsaffordances; digital technologies; early years; free-flow environment; interactive whiteboard; semiotic resources; social semiotics; transitions
Research GroupCentre for Education Research and Scholarship (CERS)
LanguageEnglish
PublisherSage
JournalJournal of Early Childhood Research
ISSN1476-718X
Electronic1741-2927
Publication dates
Online31 May 2019
PrintSep 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Mar 2019
Accepted13 Feb 2019
Output statusPublished
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Open
Copyright Statement

This manuscript has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Early Childhood Research: Sakr, Mona and Scollan, Angela, The screen and the sand-timer: the integration the interactive whiteboard into an early years free-flow learning environment, Journal of Early Childhood Research, Volume: 17 issue: 3, pp. 190-204. Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1476718X19851538

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1476718X19851538
Web of Science identifierWOS:000482440800002
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Sakr, M., Jewitt, C. and Price, S. 2016. Mobile experiences of historical place: a multimodal analysis of emotional engagement. Journal of the Learning Sciences. 25 (1), pp. 51-92. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2015.1115761
Digital technologies in early childhood art: enabling playful experiences
Sakr, M. 2017. Digital technologies in early childhood art: enabling playful experiences. London Bloomsbury.
Imitative or Iconoclastic? How young children use ready-made images in digital art
Sakr, M., Connelly, V. and Wild, M. 2015. Imitative or Iconoclastic? How young children use ready-made images in digital art. The International Journal of Art and Design Education. https://doi.org/10.1111/jade.12104
How is the child positioned within parent-practitioner working?
Allen, S. and Scollan, A. 2016. How is the child positioned within parent-practitioner working? 26th Annual EECERA conference: Happiness, Relationships, Emotion & Deep Level Learning. Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland 31 Aug - 03 Sep 2016
Children's cultures, wellbeing and digital society: paddling in the digital wave
Scollan, A. and Gallagher, B. 2015. Children's cultures, wellbeing and digital society: paddling in the digital wave. Digital Technology Conference. University of Portsmouth
Differences, inequalities and sociological imagination. Disadvantage in the hegemonic discourse on early years education in England - a double fold concept
Scollan, A. 2015. Differences, inequalities and sociological imagination. Disadvantage in the hegemonic discourse on early years education in England - a double fold concept. ESA 2015 - 12th Conference of the European Sociological Association: Differences, Inequalities and Sociological Imagination. Prague, Czech Republic 25 - 28 Aug 2015 pp. 221-222
The principles of child-initiated pedagogy
Scollan, A. 2015. The principles of child-initiated pedagogy. European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference. Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, Spain
The implications of the 'Children and Families Act 2014' for early years provision. A comparative case study research
Scollan, A. 2015. The implications of the 'Children and Families Act 2014' for early years provision. A comparative case study research. European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference. Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, Spain
The hundred meanings of self-determination: protection from harm or promotion of autonomy? Early years practitioner perspectives
Scollan, A. 2015. The hundred meanings of self-determination: protection from harm or promotion of autonomy? Early years practitioner perspectives. European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference. Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, Spain
Individual children and their right for self-determination within child-initiated pedagogies
Scollan, A. 2015. Individual children and their right for self-determination within child-initiated pedagogies. European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference. Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, Spain
Utilising outdoor space to promote children's curiosity. Practitioners' perception of risks and opportunities for children and adults
Scollan, A. 2015. Utilising outdoor space to promote children's curiosity. Practitioners' perception of risks and opportunities for children and adults. European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference. Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, Spain
'Developing innovative learning environments in the early years', in collaboration with London Early Years Foundations (LEYF)
Scollan, A. 2015. 'Developing innovative learning environments in the early years', in collaboration with London Early Years Foundations (LEYF). European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference. Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, Spain
Challenges, opportunities, risks and hopes. Making the voice of non-English speaking children stronger in early years provision [Belfast]
Scollan, A. 2015. Challenges, opportunities, risks and hopes. Making the voice of non-English speaking children stronger in early years provision [Belfast]. British Educational Research Association (BERA) Conference. Belfast University, Northern Ireland
The implications of the 'Children and Families Act 2014' for early years provision and professionals. A case study research
Scollan, A. 2015. The implications of the 'Children and Families Act 2014' for early years provision and professionals. A case study research. British Educational Research Association (BERA) Conference. Belfast University, Northern Ireland
Challenges, opportunities, risks and hopes. Making the voice of non-English speaking children stronger in early years provision [Aberdeen]
Scollan, A. 2015. Challenges, opportunities, risks and hopes. Making the voice of non-English speaking children stronger in early years provision [Aberdeen]. Scottish Educational Research Association (SERA) Conference. University of Aberdeen, Scotland
The implications of the 'Children and Families Act 2014' for early years provision and professionals. A case study research
Scollan, A. 2015. The implications of the 'Children and Families Act 2014' for early years provision and professionals. A case study research. Scottish Educational Research Association (SERA) Conference. University of Aberdeen, Scotland
Early years skills and employability agenda
Scollan, A. 2013. Early years skills and employability agenda. Middlesex University Conference. Middlesex University, London
Children's rights & participation within UK early years provision
Scollan, A. 2013. Children's rights & participation within UK early years provision. European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference, Values, Cultures & Contexts. University of Tallin, Estonia
Between theory and practice: early years education and the implementation of the rights to self determination of the child
Scollan, A. 2014. Between theory and practice: early years education and the implementation of the rights to self determination of the child. Research Students Summer Conference. Middlesex University, London, UK 19 Jun 2014
Between theory and practice. Early years education and the implementation of the right to self-determination of the child, twenty-five years after the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
Scollan, A. and Farini, F. 2014. Between theory and practice. Early years education and the implementation of the right to self-determination of the child, twenty-five years after the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. British Educational Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference. Institute of Education, London, UK 23 - 25 Sep 2014
Children's rights 'participation and self determination'
Scollan, A. 2014. Children's rights 'participation and self determination'. British Educational Research Association (BERA), Institute of Education, London.
Transition programmes bridging learning opportunities between academic levels for traditional and non-traditional learners - towards academic progression
Scollan, A. 2014. Transition programmes bridging learning opportunities between academic levels for traditional and non-traditional learners - towards academic progression. Scottish Educational Research Association (SERA), Edinburgh University.
Child-father creative text-making at home with crayons, iPad, collage & PC
Kucirkova, N. and Sakr, M. 2015. Child-father creative text-making at home with crayons, iPad, collage & PC. Thinking Skills and Creativity. 17, pp. 59-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2015.05.003
A whole life change. Supporting non-traditional students to access foundation degree in early years. The case study of a transition programme in a further education institution in Surrey (England)
Scollan, A. and Farini, F. 2014. A whole life change. Supporting non-traditional students to access foundation degree in early years. The case study of a transition programme in a further education institution in Surrey (England). SERA Scottish Educational Research Association 39th Annual Conference. Edinburgh University 19 - 21 Nov 2014
Collaborative creativity to enhance wellbeing in early years settings
Sakr, M. 2015. Collaborative creativity to enhance wellbeing in early years settings. EECERA 2015. Barcelona
Parent-child closeness in art-making with digital and non-digital technologies
Sakr, M. 2015. Parent-child closeness in art-making with digital and non-digital technologies. EECERA 2015. Barcelona
Exploring and extending practitioner responses to young children’s art-making
Sakr, M. 2015. Exploring and extending practitioner responses to young children’s art-making. BERA 2015. Belfast
Collaborative creativity in digital text-making: challenging notions of personal ownership
Sakr, M. 2015. Collaborative creativity in digital text-making: challenging notions of personal ownership. Doncaster University Conference: Digital Pedagogies.
Schematic or subversive? Ready-made imagery in children’s digital art-making
Sakr, M. 2015. Schematic or subversive? Ready-made imagery in children’s digital art-making. Sheffield University Symposium on Childhood & The Digital Age.
Making the ‘here’ and ‘now’: rethinking children’s digital photography with Deleuzian concepts
Sakr, M. 2015. Making the ‘here’ and ‘now’: rethinking children’s digital photography with Deleuzian concepts. in: Hackett, A., Proctor, L. and Seymour, J. (ed.) Children’s Spatialities: Embodiment, emotions and agency Basingstoke Emerald.
Children’s rights towards rights
Scollan, A. 2014. Children’s rights towards rights. CPD Poster and Training Event and Conference at Middlesex University 2014.
Children’s right, participation & self determination ‘space’
Scollan, A. 2014. Children’s right, participation & self determination ‘space’. Research Student Summer Conference at Middlesex University 2014.
"Evil cats" and "jelly floods": young children’s collective constructions of digital art-making in the early years classroom
Sakr, M., Connelly, V. and Wild, M. 2016. "Evil cats" and "jelly floods": young children’s collective constructions of digital art-making in the early years classroom. Journal of Research in Childhood Education. 30 (1), pp. 128-141. https://doi.org/10.1080/02568543.2015.1107156
Narrative in young children’s digital art-making
Sakr, M., Connelly, V. and Wild, M. 2016. Narrative in young children’s digital art-making. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy. 16 (3), pp. 289-310. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468798415577873
'Too high an ideal for the work required'? Minnie James and the intellectual life of the librarian
Sakr, M. 2011. 'Too high an ideal for the work required'? Minnie James and the intellectual life of the librarian. Library & Information History. 27 (3), pp. 179-193. https://doi.org/10.1179/175834911X13046881149240
The semiotic work of the hands in scientific inquiry
Sakr, M., Jewitt, C. and Price, S. 2014. The semiotic work of the hands in scientific inquiry. Classroom Discourse. 5 (1), pp. 51-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/19463014.2013.868078
‘Wrighting’ the self: new technologies and textual subjectivities
Sakr, M. 2012. ‘Wrighting’ the self: new technologies and textual subjectivities. Learning, Media and Technology. 37 (1), pp. 119-123. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439884.2012.636366
Making the 'here' and 'now': rethinking children's digital photography with Deleuzian concepts
Sakr, M. and Kucirkova, N. 2015. Making the 'here' and 'now': rethinking children's digital photography with Deleuzian concepts. in: Hackett, A., Procter, L. and Seymour, J. (ed.) Children's Spatialities: Embodiment, Emotions and Agency London, UK. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 54–74
12 teachers’ use of writing in displays of young children’s artwork
Sakr, M., Connelly, V. and Wild, M. 2015. 12 teachers’ use of writing in displays of young children’s artwork. in: Archer, A. and Breur, E. (ed.) Multimodality in Writing: The state of the art in theory, methodology and pedagogy Brill.
Academic and vocational progression routes for early years practitioners working towards 'Early Years Professional Status' (EYPS).
Scollan, A. 2009. Academic and vocational progression routes for early years practitioners working towards 'Early Years Professional Status' (EYPS). Extended Services and Early Years Conference. London Borough of Sutton
'Community of practice'. Practice based research in organisations, communities of practice and stakeholders in educational and other professional settings
Scollan, A. 2013. 'Community of practice'. Practice based research in organisations, communities of practice and stakeholders in educational and other professional settings. Community of Practice Poster Conference. Middlesex University
A reflection to identify and develop professional skills of early years practitioners advocating children's rights within their practice
Scollan, A. 2013. A reflection to identify and develop professional skills of early years practitioners advocating children's rights within their practice. 23rd EECERA Conference: Values, Culture & Contexts. Tallin University, Estonia Aug 2013
Knowledge transfer and continuous professional development - complexities & challenges
Scollan, A. and Allen, S. 2014. Knowledge transfer and continuous professional development - complexities & challenges. Middlesex University Conference 2014. London
Professional training in the early years sector: managing the complexities of policy and practice
Scollan, A. and Allen, S. 2014. Professional training in the early years sector: managing the complexities of policy and practice. International Conference: A Child's World – Next Steps. Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, Wales, UK 25 - 27 Jun 2014
Exploring professionals' perceptions of effective provision for two year old children in England
Scollan, A. and Allen, S. 2014. Exploring professionals' perceptions of effective provision for two year old children in England. 24th European Early Childhood Education Research Association (EECERA) Conference - ‘Us, Them & Me: Universal, Targeted or Individuated Early Childhood Programmes'. Crete, Greece
Supporting early years practitioners to manage the complexities of policy change
Allen, S. and Scollan, A. 2013. Supporting early years practitioners to manage the complexities of policy change. Learning and Teaching Conference. University of Chichester 11 Jun 2013
Investigating the experiences of early years practitioners to manage the complexities of policy change in times of economic recession
Allen, S. and Scollan, A. 2013. Investigating the experiences of early years practitioners to manage the complexities of policy change in times of economic recession. 23rd EECERA Conference: Values, Cultures & Contexts. Tallin University, Estonia 28 - 31 Aug 2013